Article

Subject Index

American Journal of Emergency Medicine 31 (2013) 1734-1756

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

American Journal of Emergency Medicine

journal homepage: www. elsevier.com/ locate/ajem

Index to Volume 31

Keywords

Abciximab, Pulmonary hemorrhage and acute pulmonary thromboembolism after administration of, 450.e1-450.e2

abdominal complaints, as common first presentation of heart failure in adolescents with dilated cardiomyopathy, 684-686

Abdominal compressions, result in similar survival rates compared with chest compressions (letter), 257

Abdominal effusion, in blunt trauma patients, ability of new pocket echoscopic device to detect (letter), 437-439

Abdominal injury, blunt, hemodynamically stable, physical examination combined with focused assessment sonography to clear patients with (letter), 1527-1528

Abdominal massage, small bowel intramural hematoma secondary to, 7 58.e3-758.e4

Abdominal pain

gastric pneumatosis secondary to celiac axis occlusion unusual cause of, 446.e5-446.e6

novel biomarker panel to rule out acute appendicitis in pediatric patients with, 1368-1375

postcolonoscopy, unusual cause of, 273.e1-273.e4 after recent use of ceftriaxone, an unexpected diagnosis of pseudolithiasis in a

child with, 1294.e5-1294.e6

Abscess

cerebral, Lemierre syndrome complicated by, 458.e1-458.e3 panspinal epidural, concomitant with meningitis, 1155.e5-1155.e6 peritonsillar, identification by transcutaneous cervical ultrasound,

267.e1-267.e3

Acetaminophen, vs ibuprofen vs their combination for relief of Musculoskeletal pain in ED, 1357-1360

Activated 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (FEIBA), for reversal of warfarin-related bleeding, experiences with, 1251-1254

acute aortic syndrome

Penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer rupture causing right hemothorax a rare presentation of, 755.e5-755.e7

preliminary development of a clinical decision rule for, 1546-1550 Acute coronary syndrome (ACS)

B-type natriuretic peptide predicts complexity and severity of the coronary lesions in patients with (letter), 1282

case of unusual, 758.e1-758.e2 with clopidogrel and prasugrel

predictors of bleeding in (letter), 1287

predictors of myocardial infarction after (letter), 1287-1288 new predictors of mortality in (letter), 1286-1287

or Churg-Strauss syndrome, 270.e5-270.e8

probable, using High-sensitivity troponin T assay vs fourth-generation algorithm for, 1226-1229

relation of Serum cortisol to delirium occurring after, 161-165 and sildenafil, relationship between, 1424.e1-1424.e3

with ST elevation, and complex coronary lesions, relationship between high- sensitive troponin T levels in patients with (letter), 1145-1146

Acute mountain sickness, on Jade Mountain, different duration of high-altitude pre-exposure associated with the incidence of, 1113-1117

Acute myocardial infarction. see Myocardial infarction (MI), acute Acute promyelocytic leukemia, early diagnosis is key to survival,

1290.e1-1290.e2

Acute respiratory distress syndrome , severe, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for Interhospital transfer of patient with, 640.e1-640.e2

Adenosine, and lidocaine after 8-minute Asphyxial hypoxia in rat, hemodynamic rescue and ECG stability during chest compressions using, 1539-1545

Adolescents, with dilated cardiomyopathy, abdominal complaints as common

first presentation of heart failure in, 684-686 Adrenomedullin, in septic patients in ED, prognostic value of, 1017-1021 Adult

absence of Jolt accentuation of headache cannot accurately rule out meningitis in, 1601-1604

older, with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and anticoagulant or antiplatelet use, risk of unfavorable long-term outcome in, 1244-1247

patients without trauma in ED led by internists, airway management of, 1338-1342

value of helical computed tomography for early diagnosis of esophageal foreign bodies in, 1328-1332

young, isolated Basilar artery dissection a rare cause of stroke in, 1422.e3-1422.e5

Adverse events, occurrence, and work-related stressors, in ED, 504-508 After-action review tool, for ED after Mass casualty incidents, 798-802 Age

advanced, and vital signs, effect on admission from ED observation unit, 1-7 and sex-specific normal values for Shock Index in National Health and

Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2008 for ages 8 years and older, 838-842

AirTraq(R), evaluation in simulated difficult airway, 589-592

Airway devices, different, upper cervical spine movement during intubation with, 1034-1036

Airway management

of adult patients without trauma in ED led by internists, 1338-1342 emergency, in geriatric and younger patients, 190-196

Alcohol

mental health, and drug-related complaints, frequent ED visits for, 1512-1515

and trauma, –in every age group, 705-709

alcohol withdrawal, in ED, rational approach to treatment of, 734-742 Algid malaria, treated with early goal-directed therapy, 263.e5-263.e10 Alice in wonderland syndrome, unusual in acute disseminated

encephalomyelitis, 638.e1-638.e3

Alkalemia, profound, secondary to gastric outlet obstruction and acute renal insufficiency, 444.e1-444.e3

Allergic reaction, to analgesic medications in ED patients (letter), 431-432 Altitude, -high, pre-exposure associated with the incidence of acute mountain

sickness on Jade Mountain, 1113-1117

Ambulance, and helicopters, prehospital stroke diagnosis and treatment in, 743-747

Ammonia, blood, and partial pressure of, prognostic values on hospital arrival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, 8-15

Analgesia

effective, with low-dose ketamine and reduced dose hydromorphone in ED patients with severe pain, 847-851

low-dose ketamine, in patient and physician experience in ED, 390-394 Analgesic medications, in ED patients, allergies to (letter), 431-432 anaphylactic shock

a case of acute STEMI after IM epinephrine for, 1157.e1-1157.e3 disulfiram ethanol reaction mimicking, 270.e1-270.e3

due to kiwi fruit (letter), 626

0735-6757/$ – see front matter http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0735-6757(13)00743-2

Anaphylaxis

and Delayed hymenoptera, in child with Fire ant envenomation, 632.e1-632.e3

followed by Unilateral lung opacity and hypocomplementemia in a young female, 1623.e1-1623.e2

refractory, Methylene blue for (letter), 1140-1141 severe

epinephrine-induced myocardial infarction in, 759.e1-759.e2 epinephrine-induced myocardial infarction in (letter), 1410

sustained ventricular tachycardia caused by, 1625.e3-1625.e4 Anemia

blood loss, severe, in Jehovah’s Witness treated with adjunctive Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 756.e3-756.e4

severe, hemorrhagic ascites, and shock, endometriosis presenting with, 272.e1-272.e3

Anesthetics, topical, for 15 minutes before venipuncture in pediatrics, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate, 20-25

Angioedema

bradykinin-mediated, factors prompting ED visits in patient with, 124-129 after first dose of metformin, 634.e5

idiopathic, with icatibant in a patient, successful treatment of facial attack of, 1295.e5-1295.e6

Angiography

coronary, CT, for triage of ED patients with acute chest pain, risk factors and risk scores vs, 1479-1485

CT, and D-dimer in evaluation of aortic dissection, a Decision analysis to determine testing threshold for, 1047-1055

noncontrast CT-CT, systematic combined, in management of unexplained nontraumatic coma, 494-498

Anion gap, negative, metabolic acidosis in salicylate overdose, 1536.e3-1536.e4

Anisakiasis, intestinal, as rare cause of Small bowel obstruction, 1422.e1-1422.e2

Ankle trauma, can decrease the need for radiographic imaging, ultrasound- assisted triage of, 1686-1689

Antabuse reaction, due to occupational exposure (letter), 1286 Antibiotics

empirical, for bacteremia among younger adults and elderly in ED, different impact of appropriateness of, 282-290

for septic shock, 680-683 Anticoagulants

or antiplatelet use, and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage, risk of unfavorable long-term outcome in older adults with, 1244-1247

and thrombolytic therapy for massive pulmonary embolism, spontaneous hemothorax following, 999.e1-999.e3

Anticoagulant therapy, in pulmonary thromboembolism, optimal initial of (letter), 407-409

Antidepressant, tricyclic, toxicity of, electrocardiographic changes in (letter), 751-752

Antidote, early, use associated with noninvasive ventilation in prehospital treatment of methadone intoxication, 448.e5-448.e6

Antimicrobial resistance, in ED patients, discordance between patient report and chart review of risk factors for, 1397-1401

Antiphospholipid syndrome, primary, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as an initial manifestation of, 888.e1-888.e3

Antiplatelet, or anticoagulants use, and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage, risk of unfavorable long-term outcome in older adults with, 1244-1247

Antiplatelet therapy, antiactivation , upstream (editorial), 1408-1409 Anxiety, may influence the efficacy of ED pain management, in patient with,

313-318

Aortic dissection

can cause takotsubo cardiomyopathy (letter), 1614-1615

a decision analysis to determine testing threshold for CT angiography and D-dimer in evaluation of, 1047-1055

painless

thrombolytic and antithrombotic vigilance (letter), 1279

before Thrombolytic treatment for acute ischemic stroke, identification of ischemic stroke, 762.e5-762.e6

in patients may be due to takotsubo cardiomyopathy, Troponin elevation in (letter), 749-750

prehospital thrombolysis expansion may raise rate of its inappropriate administration in acute STEMI induced by (letter), 628-629

presenting as gait disturbance, 269.e1-269.e2 presenting with pancreatitis, 1153.e1-1153.e2

Stanford type A, Putamen hemorrhage occurred simultaneously with, a case report, 995.e3-995.e4

Aortic injury, blunt, clinical experience with Landiolol hydrochloride in conservative management of, 1290.e3-1290.e5

Aortic intramural hematoma, with Pulmonary artery extension mimics pulmonary embolism, 1538.e3-1538.e4

Apheresis, urgent, combined with Insulin infusion, in hypertriglyceridemia- induced acute pancreatitis, 452.e1-452.e2

Apnea

oral pure tramadol exposure like other opioids can cause (letter), 410-411 oral tramadol-induced, real incidence of (letter), 409-410

tramadol-induced, 26-31

Apparent life-threatening event, first-time, mortality after discharge in clinically stable infants admitted with, 730-733

Appendicitis acute

artificial neural networks in diagnosis of (letter), 258-259

in pediatric patients with abdominal pain, novel biomarker panel to rule out, 1368-1375

using artificial neural network, prediction of (letter), 259

left-sided, in 47-year-old man with previously undiagnosed intestinal malrotation, 459.e5-459.e6

perforated, in Colorado’s pediatric Medicaid population, potential barriers associated with increased prevalence of, 469-472

simple, perforated, different urinalysis appearances in children with, 1560-1563

Arrhythmia

manual corrected QT and Tpeak-Tend calculations may assist emergency physicians risk stratify patients for (letter), 1411-1412

and Thyroid storm, 1418.e3-1418.e5

Arrythmogenic potential, of Osborn wave (letter), 424-426 Arterial blood gas

and capillary blood gas parameters, in ED, correlation between, 326-329

to end-tidal CO2 pressure, gradient a bedside parameter to monitor patients with massive pulmonary embolism, 639.e1-639.e3

arterial embolization, hepatic, Intrahepatic hematoma a rare complication of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy requiring,

1425.e1-1425.e2

Arterial occlusions, upper limb acute, in 4 different etiologies and review of literature, short series of, 1719.e1-1719.e4

Arthritis

reactive, a case of, 266.e5-266.e7 septic

Haemophilus influenzae serotype f as a rare cause of, 1156.e5-1156.e6 spontaneous, in a patient without trauma, coinfection, or

immunosuppression, 1623.e3-1623.e4 Artificial neural networks

in diagnosis of acute appendicitis (letter), 258-259 prediction of acute appendicitis using (letter), 259

Ascites

hemorrhagic, Severe anemia, and shock, endometriosis presenting with, 272.e1-272.e3

transudate, based on dipstick values of protein, glucose, and pH, differentiation of exudate from, 779-782

Asphyxia, hypoxia, 8-minute in rat, hemodynamic rescue and ECG stability during chest compressions using adenosine and lidocaine after, 1539-1545

Asthma, bronchial, as initial symptom, misdiagnosed rare subglottic lesions with, 1295.e1-1295.e4

Atherosclerotic aortic ulcer rupture, penetrating, causing right hemothorax a rare presentation of acute aortic syndrome, 755.e5-755.e7

Athletes, young, mild head injury in pediatrics and algorithms for management in ED and in, 1133-1138

Atrial fibrillation

acute, abnormal troponin level as short-term predictor of poor outcome in, 699-704

conversion of recent onset, 1410-1411

impact of ED management on Hospital quality measures of negative case of, 822-824

paroxysmal

after hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 261.e5-261.e7

hyperbaric oxygen therapy or carbon monoxide poisoning, cause of (letter), 247

short-duration, Troponin rise and poor outcome in patients presenting to the ED with (letter), 1147-1150

sustained and new, in ED patients, evaluating HATCH score for Predicting progression of, 792-797

and unmasked by hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome masked by, 451.e3-451.e6

Atrial thrombus, right, following cardiac arrest, early onset of cooling catheter- related, 761.e3-761.e5

atrioventricular block, in both normal and Accessory pathways, preexcitation syndrome with myocardial infarction complicated by,

1621.e5-1621.e7

Atropine, resistant bradycardia and hyperkalemia (letter), 1415

autonomic nervous system, role of function in hypothermia-mediated sepsis protection, 375-380

axillary vein, cannulation, ultrasound-guided, comparison of longitudinal and transverse approaches to, 478-481

Bacteremia

among younger adults and elderly in ED, different impact of appropriateness of Empirical antibiotics for, 282-290

procalcitonin for predicting (letter), 748

Bacterial infection, among patients with influenza-like illness, C-reactive protein as predictor of, 137-144

Bacterial meningitis, acute, in ED, determinants of timely management of, 1056-1061

Bartonella henselae, neuroretinitis, central scotoma without prodromal illness caused by, 887.e1-887.e2

Basal ganglion, secondary to Nonketotic hyperglycemia in a patient with stroke, computed tomographic and magnetic resonance abnormalities of, 1292.e3-1292.e4

Basic life support, modified, guidelines, verification of changes in the time taken to initiate chest compressions according to, 1248-1250

Basilar artery dissection, isolated, a rare cause of stroke in young adult, 1422.e3-1422.e5

Bath salts, resulting in fatalities, with laboratory confirmation, two cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation due to, 445.e3-445.e5

Behavioral disturbance, acute, in the ED, parenteral sedation of elderly patients with, 970-973

Behcet’s disease, diffuse thrombosis secondary to, 1723.e1-1723.e2

benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, lateral canal, and decompression illness, 451.e1-451.e2

Beriberi

in dialysis patient (letter), 753

wet, heart failure, in 30-year-old woman, eating disorder leading to, 460.e5-460.e6

Beta-blockers (?-blockers)

in acute management of cocaine-associated chest pain, safety of (letter), 986-989

safety in acute management of cocaine-associated chest pain, 613-616 Bezold abscess, rare complication of mastoiditis, 1626.e3-1626.e4 Bezold-Jarisch reflex, complication after treatment for resistant

supraventricular tachycardia, 1425.e3-1425.e4

Bilateral hippocampal abnormality, in MRI in Transient global amnesia, 755.e1-755.e3

Bilevel positive airway pressure , and continuous noninvasive ventilation, in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, comparison of, 1322-1327

Biomarker, novel, panel to rule out acute appendicitis in pediatric patients with abdominal pain, 1368-1375

Biphasic defibrillation, versus monophasic, in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 1472-1478

Bleeding

in acute coronary syndromes with clopidogrel and prasugrel, predictors of(letter), 1287

junctional

from the groin in a manikin model, laboratory assessment of out-of- hospital interventions to control (letter), 1276-1278

technique of axillary use of Combat Ready Clamp to stop (letter), 1274-1276

warfarin-related, experiences with an activated 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (FEIBA) for reversal of, 1251-1254

Blood loss, anemia, severe, in Jehovah’s Witness treated with adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 756.e3-756.e4

Blood pressure

low, and cold sweating, acute porphyric attack with, 631.e5-631.e6 measurements, non-invasive, and cardiac index using Finapres Portapres in

ED triage setting, 1012-1016

Blood transfusion, intraosseous, in infants with traumatic hemorrhagic shock, 640.e3-640.e4

blunt aortic injury, clinical experience with landiolol hydrochloride in conservative management of, 1290.e3-1290.e5

Boerhaave syndrome, ruptured Celiac artery aneurysm mimicking, 1421.e5-1421.e6

Bone fracture, screening in multiple trauma patient at ED, comparing diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound and radiography for, 1583-1585

Bradyarrhythmia, syncope in a patient with Prinzmetal’s variant angina, a case report, 996.e1-996.e4

Bradycardia, and hyperkalemia, atropine resistant (letter), 1415

Bradykinin, -mediated angioedema, factors prompting ED visits in patient with, 124-129

Brain, computed tomographic scan findings in Acute opium overdose patients (letter), 879-881

Brain damage, due to carbon monoxide poisoning in children, S100B protein level not an indicator of (letter), 1531-1532

brain death, and Snake bite, –cause for caution (letter), 625-626

Brain edema, and inflammatory cytokine release, after prolonged cardiac arrest in swine, effect of Shenfu on, 1159-1164

Brain infarction, after dissection of intrathoracic arteries secondary to acute epiglottitis, 463.e3-463.e5

Brain injury

assessed by MRI after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in porcine model of cardiac arrest, effects of hypothermia on, 86-93

traumatic, prehospital Neurologic deterioration is independent predictor of outcome in, 1215-1219

Brain natriuretic peptide

B-type

and infarct size in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (letter), 1618 and infarct size in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (letter), 1619 predicts complexity and severity of the coronary lesions in patients with

acute coronary syndromes (letter), 1282

Brain stem hemorrhage, spontaneous, therapeutic hypothermia complicated by, 266.e1-266.e3

Broken heart syndromes, stress-induced transient midventricular ballooning a new variant of, 447.e1-447.e3

Bronchospasm, heroin-induced, suspected, effect of prehospital nebulized naloxone on, 717-718

Brown-Sequard syndrome, spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma presenting as, 757.e3-757.e4

Brugada syndrome

earliest electrocardiogram is golden for diagnosis of, 1722.e5-1722.e6 type 3, on electrocardiographic findings, syncope in (letter), 621-622

Calcaneus, fractures of, tongue-type, 1151.e3-1151.e4

Calcium gluconate, worsening Wenckebach after injection of, not uncommon but frequently missed diagnosis, 893.e5-893.e6

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), haloperidol for treatment of, 1003.e5-1003.e6

Capillary blood gas, and arterial blood gas parameters, in ED, correlation between, 326-329

Carbon dioxide, arterial to end-tidal pressure, gradient a bedside parameter to monitor patients with massive pulmonary embolism,

639.e1-639.e3

Carbon monoxide, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601 Carbon monoxide poisoning

acute, heart-type fatty acid-binding protein as potential biomarker of, 1165-1169

Neuron-specific enolase and S100B protein in children with, 524-528 new marker for myocardial injury in, 1651-1655

or hyperbaric oxygen therapy, cause of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (letter), 247

S100B protein level not an indicator of brain damage due to (letter), 1531-1532

Carboxyhemoglobin, endogenous, concentrations in assessment of severity in patients with community-acquired pneumonia, 520-523

Cardiac arrest

asphyxial, postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction after (editorial), 1690-1696, 1697-1698

caused by acute intoxication, 1443-1447

comatose, survivors treated with therapeutic hypothermia, association of blood glucose variability with outcomes in, 566-572

to Complete recovery, Loeffler’s endomyocarditis from, 271.e1-271.e3 Critical care literature 2011, 593-596

due to diabetic ketoacidosis, survival after prolonged resuscitation using Extracorporeal life support from, 892.e1-892.e2

early onset of cooling catheter-related right atrial thrombus following, 761.e3-761.e5

expanding the role of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients resuscitated from, 974-977

impending, emergent CT findings of, 637.e3-637.e6

in-hospital, factors associated with survival after (letter), 883-885

initial MLAEP index helps to predict resuscitated outcomes in patients with, 895-899

in New Zealand rabbits, ulinastatin improved cardiac dysfunction after, 768-774

outcomes of patients admitted for hanging injuries with decreased consciousness but without, 1666-1670

out-of-hospital

in an emergency medical service system, implementation of Mechanical chest compression in, 1196-1200

biphasic versus Monophasic defibrillation in, 1472-1478

clinical utility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging after, 1293.e5-1293.e6

Fast emergency vehicle pre-emption system improved the outcomes of, 1466-1471

with hypocalcaemia, undergoing therapeutic hypothermia, Long QT interval in patient after, 1722.e1-1722.e3

prognostic values of blood ammonia and partial pressure of ammonia on hospital arrival in, 8-15

therapeutic hypothermia application vs standard support care in post resuscitated patients with, 319-325

who have kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities and laboratory

findings in patients with, 487-493

porcine model, effects of hypothermia on brain injury assessed by MRI after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in, 86-93

prolonged

successful resuscitation with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 1627.e5-1627.e6

in swine, effect of Shenfu on inflammatory cytokine release and brain edema after, 1159-1164

propafenone-induced, 457.e5-457.e7

with refractory ventricular fibrillation, treated with resuscitation using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 264.e1-264.e2

successful resuscitation with thrombolysis of presumed fulminant pulmonary embolism during, 453.e1-453.e3

survivor to wake up in hypothermia, 888.e5-888.e6

takotsubo cardiomyopathy mid ventricle variant and, 890.e1-890.e2 using hypothermia through Continuous renal replacement therapy, good

Neurologic recovery after, 1720.e1-1720.e3

vs epinephrine in rat model, cytidine diphosphate choline improves the outcome of, 1022-1028

Cardiac complications, acute, in ED patients with chest pain, Heart rate variability risk score for prediction of, 1201-1207

Cardiac death, lung transplant of extrahospitalary donor after, 710-711 Cardiac disease, and probable intent after drowning, 1073-1077

Cardiac dysfunction, after cardiac arrest in New Zealand rabbits, ulinastatin improved, 768-774

Cardiac function, improving with new-generation plasma volume expanders, 54-63

Cardiac index, measurements, non-invasive, and blood pressure using Finapres Portapres in ED triage setting, 1012-1016

Cardiac mechanotransduction, during CPR and postresuscitation period, molecular and cellular effects of (letter), 250-252

Cardiac shock, and acute stroke, Rescue thrombolysis in the treatment of, 891.e1-891.e3

Cardiac troponin I. see Troponin I, cardiac Cardiac troponin T. see Troponin T, cardiac

cardiodepressive syndrome, after diltiazem overdose, Lipid emulsion therapy in-case report, 1154.e3-1154.e4

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema, acute, comparison of bilevel and continuous positive airway pressure noninvasive ventilation in, 1322-1327

Cardiogenic shock

disulfiram ethanol reaction mimicking, 270.e1-270.e3

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support as bridge to recovery in patient with Electrical storm related, 467.e1-467.e6

reversible, due to Catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, 1621.e1-1621.e3 Cardiomyopathy

dilated, abdominal complaints as common first presentation of heart failure in adolescents with, 684-686

hypertrophic, utility of Point-of-care echocardiogram in the rapid diagnosis of (letter), 1280-1282

septic, severe, endotoxin adsorption by polymyxin B column or intraaortic balloon pumping use for, 893.e1-893.e3

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

chest compressions one-hand and hands-off time in single-lay rescuer, 1462-1465

in ED visit an opportunity to recommend education (letter), 426-428 effect of physical fatigue caused by water rescue on quality of, 473-477

enhanced external counterpulsation improves cerebral blood flow following, 1638-1645

guidelines, and LUCAS 2(TM) device compression depth, 1154.e1-1154.e2 improvement by bending and pressing lower extremities (letter), 436-437 manual, compared to LUCAS, is more effective during helicopter rescue,

384-389

new method to detect cerebral blood flow waveform in synchrony with chest compression by Near-infrared spectroscopy during, 1504-1508

in porcine model of cardiac arrest, effects of hypothermia on brain injury assessed by MRI after, 86-93

and postresuscitation period, molecular and cellular effects of cardiac mechanotransduction during (letter), 250-252

prolonged, effects of sodium bicarbonate during, 562-565 proper performance of chest compressions in (letter), 255-256

in rats, changes in expression of Nogo receptor 1 in hippocampus and cortex after, 353-359

uninterrupted, direct evaluation of the effect of filtering the chest compressions artifacts on the time of, 910-915

Cardiovascular collapse, endosulfan-induced, availability of Intravenous lipid emulsion therapy on, 886.e1-886.e2

Cardioversion, sternal fracture after (letter), 1532

Catecholamine, -induced cardiomyopathy, reversible cardiogenic shock due to, 1621.e1-1621.e3

Catecholaminergic effect, of immune system, takotsubo cardiomyopathy after anti-influenza vaccination as, 1627.e1-1627.e4

Catheterization

central venous, in tertiary care center, incidence of retained guidewires after (letter), 1528-1530

standard-length vs. long catheters, in ultrasound-guided peripheral vein cannulation (letter), 252-254

Ceftriaxone, an unexpected diagnosis of pseudolithiasis in a child with abdominal pain after recent use of, 1294.e5-1294.e6

Celiac artery aneurysm, ruptured, mimicking Boerhaave syndrome, 1421.e5-1421.e6

Celiac artery dissection, spontaneous, a case report and literature review, 1000.e3-1000.e5

Celiac axis occlusion, unusual cause of abdominal pain, gastric pneumatosis secondary to, 446.e5-446.e6

Cellular technology, improves transmission success of pre-hospital electrocar diograms, 1564-1570

Cellulitis, identifying patients who are likely to require inpatient admission after stay in ED observation unit with, 360-364

Centhaquin, as small volume resuscitative agent in severely hemorrhaged rats, efficacy of, 1315-1321

Central nervous system, -associated infection vs heatstroke, in ED, low plasma C-reactive protein level as an early diagnostic tool for, 1176-1180

central venous catheterization, in tertiary care center, incidence of retained guidewires after (letter), 1528-1530

Central venous pressure, estimation using inferior vena caval pressure from femoral endovascular cooling catheter, 240-243

Cerebellitis, developing after tricyclic antidepressant poisoning, 1419.e3-1419.e5

Cerebral abscess, Lemierre syndrome complicated by, 458.e1-458.e3 Cerebral blood flow

following CPR, enhanced external counterpulsation improves, 1638-1645 waveform, in synchrony with chest compression by near-infrared spectros

copy during CPR, new method to detect, 1504-1508

Cerebral embolism, fat, hyperacute, in a patient with Femoral shaft fracture, 1420.e1-1420.e3

Cerebral ischemia

and dural AV fistula, successful IV thrombolysis followed by Mechanical thrombectomy in patient with, 637.e1-637.e2

transient global, in rats, combination treatment with 17?-estradiol and therapeutic hypothermia for, 154-160

Cerebral regional oxygen saturation, monitoring, in Pediatric malfunctioning shunt patients, 365-374

Cerebral venous thrombosis, as an initial manifestation of primary antiphospholipid syndrome, 888.e1-888.e3

Cerebrovascular disease, a different reason for, 891.e5-891.e6

Cervical spine movement, upper, during intubation with different airway devices, 1034-1036

Charles Bonnet syndrome, occipital lobe epilepsy presenting as (letter), 624-625

Chest compressions

Abdominal compressions result in similar survival rates compared with (letter), 257

according to modified basic life support guidelines, verification of changes in the time taken to initiate, 1248-1250

anatomical structures underneath sternum in Healthy adults and implications for, 549-555

artifacts on the uninterrupted CPR time, direct evaluation of the effect of

filtering the, 910-915

in CPR, proper performance of (letter), 255-256

depth, the 2010 cardiopulmonary Resuscitation guidelines and the LUCAS 2(TM) device, 1154.e1-1154.e2

mechanical, continuous, with LUCAS-2 device, percutaneous noncoronary interventions during, 456.e1-456.e3

mechanical, in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in an emergency medical service system, implementation of, 1196-1200

by near-infrared spectroscopy during CPR, new method to detect cerebral blood flow waveform in synchrony with, 1504-1508

one-hand, and hands-off time in single-lay rescuer CPR, 1462-1465 quality using Feedback device (CPRmeter), improvement in, 1457-1461 using adenosine and lidocaine after 8-minute asphyxial hypoxia in rat,

hemodynamic rescue and ECG stability during, 1539-1545

Chest pain

acute, risk factors and risk scores vs cardiac computed tomography angiography for triage of ED patients with, 1479-1485

atypical, uncommon double fistula between sinus node arteries and right atrium in patient with, 450.e3-450.e4

cocaine-associated

myeloperoxidase and C-reactive protein in patients with, 664-669 safety of ?-blockers in acute management of, 613-616

safety of beta-blockers in the acute management of (letter), 986-989 heart rate variability risk score for prediction of acute cardiac complications

in ED patients with, 1201-1207 patients admitted to ED observation unit, prospective evaluation of the use of

TIMI score as risk stratification tool, 185-189

unit

a new algorithm using the high-sensitivity troponin T in (letter), 993-994 and Takotsubo syndrome (letter), 1415-1416

Chest radiography, after endotracheal tube placement, 1181-1182 Chest X-ray

and CT, for detection of pneumonia in ED patients, high discordance of, 401-405

normal, in patients with blunt trauma, clinical significance of CT when the result of, 1268-1273

Children. see Pediatrics

Chlamydia trachomatis, and cervical Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections, in pregnant patients in ED, underrecognition of, 661-663

Chordae rupture, secondary, due to low-tension electricity trauma, 260.e1-260.e2

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

ED visits, hospitalizations and return after, 1393-1396

three-view bedside ultrasound to differentiate acute decompensated heart failure from, 759.e3-759.e5

Churg-Strauss syndrome, or acute coronary syndrome, 270.e5-270.e8 Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale , for identifying thrombolytic

candidates in acute ischemic stroke, predictive value of, 1699-1702

circulatory collapse, and Gastric dilatation, due to eating disorder, 633.e3-633.e4

Citalopram

and levosulpiride for QT prolongation, dangerous drug combination of, 1624.e1-1624.e2

overdose, intentional, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia after, 447.e5-447.e8

Clinical decision rule, for Acute aortic syndromes, preliminary development of, 1546-1550

Clopidogrel

and prasugrel

predictors of bleeding in acute coronary syndromes with (letter), 1287 predictors of myocardial infarction after acute coronary syndrome with

(letter), 1287-1288

Cocaine

-associated chest pain

myeloperoxidase and C-reactive protein in patients with, 664-669 safety of ?-blockers in acute management of, 613-616

safety of beta-blockers in the acute management of (letter), 986-989 Coinfection, trauma, or immunosuppression, spontaneous Septic arthritis in a

patient without, 1623.e3-1623.e4

Cold sweating, and low blood pressure, acute porphyric attack with, 631.e5-631.e6

Colic artery, pseudoaneurysm, middle, rupture of, 454.e5-454.e7 Colorectal cancer, presenting to ED, outcomes of patients with, 646-650

Coma, unexplained nontraumatic , systematic combined noncontrast CT-CT angiography in management of, 494-498

Comatose cardiac arrest, survivors treated with therapeutic hypothermia, association of

blood glucose variability with outcomes in, 566-572 patients in EDs, Middle latency auditory-evoked potential index for

predicting Degree of consciousness of, 1556-1559

Combat Ready Clamp, to stop junctional bleeding, technique of axillary use of (letter), 1274-1276

Communication, cross-setting, at ED discharge, best practices for, 1297-1301 communication gaps, in nursing home transfers to ED, 712-716

Community-acquired pneumonia

bacterial, emergency management of, 602-612

in ED, value of procalcitonin level in (letter), 428-429

endogenous carboxyhemoglobin concentrations in assessment of severity in patients with, 520-523

proadrenomedullin useful tool for risk stratification in high pneumonia severity index score, 215-221

red cell distribution width as prognostic marker in patients with, 72-79 Community hospital, ED, productivity analysis of electronic medical records in,

1591-1594

Compartment syndrome

acute, of the lower extremities, low-impact trauma causing, 890.e3-890.e4 atraumatic painless, 1723.e3-1723.e4

complete Rockall score (CRS), and GBS with PRS and, in Upper gastrointestinal bleeding, prospective comparison of, 775-778

Compression pelvic fracture, anterior-posterior, increases probability of requirement of Bilateral embolization, 42-49

Computed tomography (CT)

angiography, and D-dimer in evaluation of aortic dissection, a decision analysis to determine testing threshold for, 1047-1055

brain

in acute opium overdose patients, 50-53

findings in acute opium overdose patients (letter), 879-881

chest, when the x-ray result is normal in patients with blunt trauma, clinical significance of, 1268-1273

and chest x-ray, for detection of pneumonia in ED patients, high discordance of, 401-405

coronary angiography, for triage of ED patients with acute chest pain, risk factors and risk scores vs, 1479-1485

by emergency physicians, variation in use of all types of, 1437-1442 emergent, findings of impending cardiac arrest, 637.e3-637.e6

helical, for early diagnosis of esophageal foreign bodies in adults, value of, 1328-1332

imaging appearance of intra-arrest transnasal evaporative cooling it is not contrast media, 638.e5-638.e6

lung injury and pneumothorax after defibrillation as demonstrated with, 1003.e1-1003.e3

and magnetic resonance abnormalities of basal ganglion, secondary to nonketotic hyperglycemia in a patient with stroke, 1292.e3-1292.e4

and magnetic resonance imaging, correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter measurements by, 1595-1597

noncontrast, -CT angiography, systematic combined, in management of unexplained nontraumatic coma, 494-498

pulmonary angiography, recent negative, does not rule out pulmonary embolism, decreasing D-dimer after, 996.e5-996.e6

Computerized provider Order entry, improves compliance of vancomycin dosing guidelines in ED (letter), 1715-1716

Congestive heart failure, declined from 1996 to 2008, rates of ED visits and of intubations for, 1677-1680

Consciousness

of comatose patients in EDs, middle latency auditory-evoked potential index for predicting degree of, 1556-1559

decreased, but without cardiac arrest, outcomes of patients admitted for hanging injuries with, 1666-1670

Consciousness disturbance, after traffic accident, susceptibility-weighted imaging in patient with, 261.e1-261.e3

Conservative management, of blunt aortic injury, clinical experience with landiolol hydrochloride in, 1290.e3-1290.e5

Continuous positive airway pressure , and bilevel noninvasive ventilation, in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, comparison of, 1322-1327

Continuous renal replacement therapy, long-term, management of 7 earth quake Crush syndrome victims with (letter), 432-435

Contrast media, CT imaging appearance of intra-arrest transnasal evaporative cooling it is not, 638.e5-638.e6

Conversion disorder, Bilateral thalamic infarct diagnosed as a, 889.e1-889.e3 Cooling catheter, -related right atrial thrombus following cardiac arrest, early

onset of, 761.e3-761.e5

Copeptin

a predictive biomarker of severity in acute pancreatitis, 690-692 ultrasensitive assays, combined with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T at

admission, for early rule out of acute myocardial infarction in ED patients, value of, 1302-1308

Copernican revolution, midst in infusion therapy(letter), 435

Corneal ulcer, demographic patterns of ED patients diagnosed as, 1082-1085 Coronary artery

anomalous origins of, and its frequency and association with coronary disease (letter), 1528

normal, associated with Subclinical Graves disease, acute myocardial infarction with, 1721.e1-1721.e2

Coronary artery disease, anomalous origins of coronary arteries and its frequency and association with (letter), 1528

coronary artery dissection spontaneous

successful emergency management and review of the literature of, 1156.e1-1156.e3

in 14-year-old, 461.e5-461.e7

coronary artery spasm, during mild therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation, ventricular fibrillation caused by, 453.e5-453.e8

Coronary lesions complex

and High-sensitive troponin T levels (letter), 1141

and ST elevation, relationship between high-sensitive troponin T levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome with (letter), 1145-1146

in patients with acute coronary syndromes, B-type natriuretic peptide predicts complexity and severity of (letter), 1282

Cortex, and hippocampus, after CPR in rats, changes in expression of Nogo receptor 1 in, 353-359

Corticosteroids, intravenous, and supportive care, severe leptospirosis treatment with, 449.e1-449.e2

Cortisol, serum, in relation to delirium occurring after ACS, 161-165 Cost-benefit analysis

and efficiency, when an observation unit is managed as closed vs open unit, effect on, 1042-1046

of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous versus intra Venous rehydration in children with mild to moderate dehydration, 928-934

Costs, and frequency, of redundant laboratory testing for transferred ED patients, 1121-1123

Coughing, laryngeal fracture after, 1421.e1-1421.e3

CranioCerebral injury, penetrating, caused by rubber bullet questions the relative harmlessness of these weapons, 636.e5-636.e7

C-reactive protein

and myeloperoxidase, in patients with cocaine-associated chest pain, 664-669

plasma level, low, as an early diagnostic tool for heatstroke vs central nervous system-associated infection in ED, 1176-1180

as predictor of bacterial infection among patients with influenza-like illness, 137-144

Cricothyroidotomy, emergency, for trauma (letter), 990-991 Critical care

and emergency, PHD score a new decision rule for, 830-834 and emergency medicine (letter), 624

Crotalidae envenomation, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601

Crush injury, combined, electrocardiographic changes after injury in rat model of, 1661-1665

Cuff inflation, methods before insertion of laryngeal mask airway for safe use without cuff manometer in children, comparison of, 346-352

Cuff manometer, comparison of 2 cuff inflation methods before insertion of laryngeal mask airway for safe use in children without, 346-352

Cytidine diphosphate choline, improves the outcome of cardiac arrest vs epinephrine in rat model, 1022-1028

Cytokines

markers as predictors of type of respiratory infection in patients during influenza season, 816-821

release, and brain edema after prolonged cardiac arrest in swine, effect of Shenfu on, 1159-1164

Dabigatran

fatality in patient treated with, 443.e1-443.e2

fatal toxicity, secondary to acute renal failure, 462.e1-462.e2 subconjunctival hemorrhage in patient on, 455.e3-455.e5

D-dimer

and CT angiography, in evaluation of aortic dissection, a decision analysis to determine testing threshold for, 1047-1055

decreasing, after recent negative CT pulmonary angiogram does not rule out pulmonary embolism, 996.e5-996.e6

matters for diagnosing pulmonary embolus, magnitude of, 942-945 and sPESI in relation to right ventricular function, 482-486

Death, of a young man after overuse of energy drink, 1624.e3-1624.e4 Decision support system, in prehospital care, 145-153

Decompression illness, and lateral canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, 451.e1-451.e2

Defibrillation, lung injury and pneumothorax as demonstrated with computed tomography after, 1003.e1-1003.e3

Defibrillator

charging before Rhythm analysis significantly reduces hands-off time during resuscitation, 395-400

external, automatic, 1292.e1-1292.e2

Degloving injury, closed, with dismal outcome, empty toe unique type of, 263.e1-263.e3

Dehydration, mild to moderate, cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated, subcutaneous versus intravenous rehydration in children with, 928-934

Delirium, occurring after ACS, relation of serum cortisol to, 161-165 Demyelination, laminar cortical necrosis, and rhabdomyolysis, associated with

hypernatremia in patient with, 269.e3-269.

Dengue disease, in elderly visiting ED, atypical presentations of, 783-787 Denosumab, in patient with moderate renal insufficiency, life-threatening

hypocalcemia associated with, 756.e1-756.e2 Dental Caries, complete resolution of a solitary Pontine Abscess in a patient with,

892.e3-892.e4

Dental contact, with laryngoscopic blade during tracheal intubation, assisted Head extension minimizes frequency of, 1629-1633

Dental injury, deep sedation with sevoflurane insufflated via nasal cannula in uncooperative child undergoing the repair of, 894.e1-894.e3

Dextrose, 50%, extravasation and treatment, identification of highly concentrated –a clinical report, 886.e3-886.e5

Diabetic ketoacidosis

catamenial, –a Diagnostic dilemma in ED, 464.e1-464.e3

survival after prolonged resuscitation using extracorporeal life support from cardiac arrest due to, 892.e1-892.e2

Diagnosis

accuracy and reproducibility, of OKR and PDR, 641-645

of acute appendicitis, artificial neural networks in (letter), 258-259 of Acute mesenteric ischemia, Diamine oxidase in, 309-312

of acute simultaneous bilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, with bedside emergency ultrasound, 466.e3-466.e5

of Brugada syndrome, earliest electrocardiogram is golden for, 1722.e5-1722.e6

correct

in a patient presenting with metabolic acidosis despite severe vomiting by use of the physical-chemical approach, 995.e1-995.e2

of a patient presenting with metabolic acidosis despite severe vomiting using the physical-chemical approach (erratum), 1535

early

of acute promyelocytic leukemia is key to survival, 1290.e1-1290.e2 of esophageal foreign bodies in adults, value of helical computed

tomography for, 1328-1332 of necrotizing fasciitis in ED, emergency ultrasonography for, 632.e5-632.e7

of Ectopic pregnancy in the ED, correlation of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin with ultrasound in (letter), 876-877

of gallbladder perforation, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography to, 1240-1243

of heart failure, among acutely dyspneic patients with cardiac, inferior vena cava, and lung ultrasonography, 1208-1214

of Infective endocarditis, role of procalcitonin in, 935-941

late, of an outbreak of Leanness-enhancing agent-related food poisoning, 1501-1503

of long bone fractures in ED, accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to, 1352-1356

often-missed, in oft-overlooked lead (letter), 1284-1285

of Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency at the intersection of toxicology, psychiatry, and genetics, 1420.e5-1420.e6

outpatient, and therapeutic units linked with ED referrals (letter), 1612

of pediatric urinary tract infection, performance characteristics of urinalyses for, 1405-1407

of pulmonary embolus, magnitude of D-dimer matters for, 942-945 rapid, of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, utility of point-of-care

echocardiogram in (letter), 1280-1282

of right-sided endocarditis with Focused cardiac ultrasound, 998.e3-998.e4 of testicular cancer with urine pregnancy test in austere military medical

environment (letter), 1615

of Traumatic extrathoracic lung herniation, emergency ultrasound in, 633.e1-633.e2

and treatment, in ambulances and helicopters, prehospital stroke, 743-747 unexpected, of pseudolithiasis in a child with abdominal pain after recent use

of ceftriaxone, 1294.e5-1294.e6

of worsening Wenckebach after calcium gluconate injection, not uncommon but frequently missed, 893.e5-893.e6

Diamine oxidase, in diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia, 309-312 Dieulafoy lesion, adult female with hematemesis, 889.e5-889.e6

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Warburg effect associated with transformed lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma to, 999.e5-999.e6

Digoxin poisoning, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601 Diisopropylflurophosphate, sarin analogue, naltrexone prevents delayed

encephalopathy in rats poisoned with, 676-679

Diltiazem, overdose, lipid emulsion therapy in cardiodepressive syndrome after-case report, 1154.e3-1154.e4

Dislocation

irreducible, of fourth metatarsophalangeal joint, 265.e1-265.e3

of lens, traumatic, and vitreous hemorrhage, bedside ultrasound in diagnosis of, 1002.e1-1002.e2

of shoulder

anterior, in not-so-slim and obese, diagnosis of (letter), 416 posterior, point-of-care ultrasound diagnosis and treatment of,

449.e3-449.e5

sternoclavicular, posterior, X-ray-negative, after minor trauma, 260.e3-260.e5

Disseminated encephalomyelitis, acute, Alice in wonderland syndrome unusual in, 638.e1-638.e3

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) due to bath salts resulting in fatalities with laboratory confirmation, two cases

of, 445.e3-445.e5

and postpartum hemorrhagic shock, with Damage control resuscitation, management of, 1291.e1-1291.e2

Disulfiram ethanol reaction, mimicking anaphylactic, cardiogenic, and septic shock, 270.e1-270.e3

Diuretic, treatment should also be taken, account of antecedent (letter), 1416 Diuretic doping, clinical, laboratory, and educational challenges of (letter),

420-421

Donation, uncontrolled, after circulatory determination of death (letter), 413-416

Doping, diuretic, clinical, laboratory, and educational challenges of (letter), 420-421

Double fistula, uncommon, between sinus node arteries and right atrium, in patient with Atypical chest pain, 450.e3-450.e4

Drowning, cardiac disease and probable intent after, 1073-1077

Drug-related complaints, alcohol, and mental health, frequent ED visits for, 1512-1515

Dural arteriovenous fistula, and cerebral ischemia, successful IV thrombolysis followed by mechanical thrombectomy in patient with,

637.e1-637.e2

Dyslipidemia, and sternum fracture, 997.e3-997.e5 Dyspnea

acute, with cardiac, inferior vena cava, and lung ultrasonography, diagnosing heart failure among patients with, 1208-1214

in emergency medicine, transfusion-related acute lung injury rare cause of, 1626.e1-1626.e2

NT-proBNP should be used in all patients in ED with (letter), 1711

Earthquake crush syndrome, management of 7 victims with long-term continuous renal replacement therapy (letter), 432-435

Eating disorder

ED management of patients with, 859-865

gastric dilatation and circulatory collapse due to, 633.e3-633.e4

leading to wet beriberi heart failure in 30-year-old woman, 460.e5-460.e6 Echocardiogram, point-of-care, in the rapid diagnosis of hypertrophic

cardiomyopathy, utility of (letter), 1280-1282 Echocardiography

contrast-enhanced, point-of-care in the ED, utility of (letter), 1288-1289 prehospital, value in shock management, 442.e5-442.e7

stress, of high-risk subgroups in ED, diagnostic performance of, 1309-1314 ED. see Emergency department (ED)

Editorials, 381-382, 383, 872, 1408-1409, 1520-1524, 1697-1698

Education, CPR in ED visit an opportunity to recommend (letter), 426-428 Elderly. see Geriatric patients

Electrical storm, related cardiogenic shock, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support as bridge to recovery in patient with, 467.e1-467.e6

Electrocardiogram

abnormal, and lower extremity paralysis, two patients presenting with, 268.e1-268.e4

new finding for massive pulmonary embolism, 456.e5-456.e8

new finding for massive pulmonary embolism, ST elevation in Lead aVR with ST depression in leads I and V4 to V6 (letter), 873

pre-hospital, cellular technology improves transmission success of, 1564-1570

Electrocardiography

abnormalities, and troponin elevation, intracranial hemorrhage with, 271.e5-271.e7

bedside, for acute pulmonary embolism, red flag in, 719-721

changes after injury in rat model of combined crush injury, 1661-1665 changes in tricyclic antidepressant toxicity (letter), 751-752

earliest, golden for diagnosis of Brugada syndrome, 1722.e5-1722.e6 implications of the prolonged QT interval, 866-871

12-lead, and 3-lead vectorcardiogram, derivation of, 1183-1190 stability, and hemodynamic rescue, during chest compressions using

adenosine and lidocaine after 8-minute asphyxial hypoxia in rat, 1539-1545

syncope in Brugada syndrome type 3 on findings of (letter), 621-622 Electroencephalography, abnormalities in ED patients with altered mental

status, prevalence of non-convulsive seizure and other, 1578-1582 Electrolyte, abnormalities, and laboratory findings, in patients with out-of-

hospital cardiac arrest who have kidney disease, 487-493 Electronic health record, Operational data integrity during implementation of,

1029-1033

Embolization, bilateral, Anterior-posterior compression pelvic fracture increases probability of requirement of, 42-49

Emergency care

and critical care, PHD score a new decision rule for, 830-834

and hospital outcome, in acute ischemic stroke, gender differences in, 178-184

less appreciated, in native valve infective endocarditis, one-and-a-half syndrome in, 459.e1-459.e3

“top five” list for emergency medicine, a policy and research agenda for stewardship to improve the value of (editorial), 1520-1524

Emergency department (ED) academic

accuracy of System 1 diagnostic reasoning for prediction of disposition and acuity in patients presenting to, 1448-1452

and simulated comparison of emergent vascular access techniques, adult intraosseous use in (letter), 622-624

accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose Long bone fractures in, 1352-1356

administration of thienopyridines in NSTEMI, 1005-1011

admission rates of patients with transient ischemic attack have increased since 2000 in, 1349-1351

airway management, in geriatric and younger patients, 190-196 allergies to analgesic medications in patients in (letter), 431-432

an unusual case of aneurysmal tibial nerve compression detected in, 1155.e1-1155.e3

association between Elder abuse and use of, 693-698

atypical presentations of dengue disease in elderly visiting, 783-787

-based genetic research protocol, variations in institutional review board reviews of a multi-center, 967-969

bedside ultrasound, acute, simultaneous, bilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment diagnosed with, 466.e3-466.e5

capillary lactic acid validation in, 1365-1367

catamenial diabetic ketoacidosis–a diagnostic dilemma in, 464.e1-464.e3 characteristics and prognosis in patients with false-positive ST-elevation

myocardial infarction in, 825-829

clinical factors in predicting acute renal failure caused by rhabdomyolysis in, 1062-1066

communication gaps in nursing home transfers to, 712-716

community hospital, productivity analysis of electronic medical records in, 1591-1594

comparing diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound and radiography for bone fracture screening in multiple trauma patient at, 1583-1585

computerized provider order entry improves compliance of vancomycin dosing guidelines in (letter), 1715-1716

correlation between capillary and arterial blood gas parameters in, 326-329 correlation of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin with ultrasound diagnosis of

ectopic pregnancy in (letter), 876-877

crowding

could fear of malpractice contribute to (letter), 1612-1613 and delay in resuscitation effort, association between, 509-515

derivation of clinical prediction rule to predict hospitalization for influenza in, 529-534

a descriptive study of myoclonus associated with etomidate procedural sedation in, 852-854

determinants of timely management of Acute bacterial meningitis in, 1056-1061

determination of Predictive cutoff value of NT-proBNP testing for long-term survival in patients with acute heart failure in, 1634-1637

diagnostic performance of stress echocardiography of high-risk subgroups in, 1309-1314

different impact of appropriateness of empirical antibiotics for bacteremia among younger adults and elderly in, 282-290

discharge

best practices for cross-setting communication at, 1297-1301 characteristics and prognostic predictors of unplanned hospital admission

within 72 hours after, 1490-1494

discordance between patient report and chart review of risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in, 1397-1401

emergency ultrasonography for early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis in, 632.e5-632.e7

emerging applications of low-dose ketamine for pain management in (letter), 416-419

evaluation of weekend effect on mortality for patients visiting US, 835-837 factors associated with successful second and third intubation attempts in,

1376-1381

frequency and cost of redundant laboratory testing for patients transferred in, 1121-1123

frequent, visits for mental health, alcohol, and drug-related complaints, 1512-1515

frequent use, characteristics of Medicaid enrollees with, 1333-1337 high discordance of chest x-ray and CT for detection of pneumonia in patients

in, 401-405

and hospitalizations, Quick Diagnosis Units can avoid referrals from primary care to, 114-123

hospitalizations and return after COPD visits in, 1393-1396 hydrochlorothiazide and ramipril treatment of hypertensive urgency in

(letter), 1533-1534

hypercalcemia in, 657-660

ibuprofen vs acetaminophen vs their combination for relief of musculoskeletal pain in, 1357-1360

impact of race and disease on sickle cell patient wait times in, 651-656 impact on hospital quality measures of negative case of atrial fibrillation,

822-824

intensivists and intensive care units, 617-620

led by internists, airway management of adult patients without trauma in, 1338-1342

Locked-in syndrome of posterior stroke in, 1294.e1-1294.e3

low-dose ketamine analgesia in patient and physician experience in, 390-394

low plasma C-reactive protein level as an early diagnostic tool for heatstroke vs central nervous system-associated infection in, 1176-1180

for management of early pregnancy failure, manual vacuum aspiration in (letter), 244-247

management of patients with Eating disorders, 859-865

after mass casualty incidents, after-action review tool for, 798-802 middle latency auditory-evoked potential index for predicting degree of

consciousness of comatose patients in, 1556-1559 mimics of subacute subdural hematoma in, 634.e1-634.e3 Minor head injury in elderly at Very low risk in, 37-41

most frequent patients carry insurance and significant burden of disease in, 16-19

national, visits and resource utilization by uninsured, magnitude of, 722-726 NT-proBNP should be used in all dyspneic patients in (letter), 1711 observation unit

effect of advanced age and vital signs on, 1-7

identifying patients with cellulitis who are likely to require inpatient admission after stay in, 360-364

orthopedic, comparison of ketamine-low-dose midozolam with midazolam- fentanyl for, 108-113

outcomes of patients with colorectal cancers presenting to, 646-650

pain management, patient anxiety may influence the efficacy of, 313-318

parenteral sedation of elderly patients with acute behavioral disturbance in the, 970-973

patients diagnosed as having corneal ulcer, demographic patterns of, 1082-1085

patients with acute chest pain, risk factors and risk scores vs cardiac computed tomography angiography for triage of, 1479-1485

patients with altered mental status, prevalence of non-convulsive seizure and other electroencephalographic abnormalities in, 1578-1582

patients with chest pain, heart rate variability risk score for prediction of acute cardiac complications in, 1201-1207

patients with severe pain, effective analgesia with low-dose ketamine and reduced dose hydromorphone in, 847-851

patient with bradykinin-mediated angioedema, factors prompting to visit in, 124-129

pediatric, use of ondansetron for nausea and vomiting after head injury and its effect on return rates from, 166-172

prediction of arterial and venous lactate in, 1118-1120

for prognosis of patients with acute heart failure, predictive cutoff point of admission N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide testing in, 1191-1195

prognostic value of adrenomedullin in septic patients in, 1017-1021 with rapidly fatal sepsis caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus

aureus of Staphylococcus protein A type t044, Lemierre’s syndrome presenting to, 268.e5-268.e7

rational approach to treatment of alcohol withdrawal in, 734-742 referrals, Outpatient diagnosis and therapeutic units linked with

(letter), 1612

Rest myocardial perfusion imaging a valuable tool in, 1681-1685 risk stratification model of acute pyelonephritis to indicate hospital

admission from, 1067-1072

safety and efficacy of intravenous combination sedatives in, 1402-1404 serum procalcitonin level for prediction of severity in women with acute

pyelonephritis in, 1092-1097

with short-duration atrial fibrillation, troponin rise and poor outcome in patients presenting to (letter), 1147-1150

softball injury treated in US from 1994 to 2010 in, 900-905

with TIA in United States, rates and factors associated with admission in patients presenting to, 516-519

triage

of children with headache at, 670-675 utility of Point-of-care testing in, 291-296

triage setting, non-invasive blood pressure and cardiac index measurements using Finapres Portapres in, 1012-1016

trivial trauma and lethal outcome of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting in, 1293.e1-1293.e3

underrecognition of cervical Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis infections in pregnant patients in, 661-663

in the United States

1990-2010, stove-related injuries treated in, 1571-1577 1990 to 2010, microwave oven-related injuries treated in hospital, 958-963

2 urban, multidisciplinary intervention decreases use of opioid medication discharge packs from, 1343-1348

in US

estimates of sedation in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation in, 222-226

Swimming injuries treated in, 803-809

use among homeless veterans, risk factors for, 855-858

utility of contrast-enhanced point-of-care echocardiogram in (letter), 1288-1289

value of combined high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and ultrasensitive copeptin assays at admission, for early rule out of acute myocardial infarction of patients in, 1302-1308

value of procalcitonin level in community-acquired pneumonia in (letter), 428-429

visit

an opportunity to recommend education, CPR in (letter), 426-428 and of intubations for congestive heart failure declined from 1996 to

2008, rates of, 1677-1680

using unique referral system, improving specialty care follow-up after, 1495-1500

workers, prospective study of violence against, 197-205

work-related stressors and occurrence of adverse events in, 504-508 and in Young athletes, mild head injury in pediatrics and algorithms for

management in, 1133-1138

Emergency management, of community-acquired Bacterial pneumonia, 602-612

Emergency medical services

an algorithm for identification of STEMI by, 1098-1102

mass-gathering, a descriptive analysis of a range of, 843-846 municipal 911, impact of mass gathering events with on-site medical

management team on (letter), 256-257

in patients with acute stroke, factors associated with use of, 788-791 personnel, prehospital, accuracy of weight estimates in pediatric patients by,

1108-1112

system, implementation of mechanical chest compression in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in, 1196-1200

Emergency medicine (EM)

comparison between journals from mainland China and international journals in field of (letter), 421-424

and critical care (letter), 624

from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, a 10-year survey of the literature, scientific publication in (letter), 881-883

at a major Urban academic medical center , implementing postgraduate training for physician assistants in (letter), 983-994

Quality of publications in, 297-301 randomized trials in, 231-235

research continues to grow, so must its literature (editorial), 383 top five” list for, a policy and research agenda for stewardship to improve the

value of emergency care (editorial), 1520-1524 transfusion-related acute lung injury rare cause of dyspnea in,

1626.e1-1626.e2

Emergency physicians

evaluation of effectiveness of peer pressure to change Disposition decisions and Patient throughput by, 535-539

knowledge of the Total charges of medical care, 950-952

risk stratify patients for arrhythmia, manual corrected QT and Tpeak-Tend calculations may assist (letter), 1411-1412

variation in use of all types of computed tomography by, 1437-1442 emergency unit, comparison of Risk scoring systems in predicting clinical

outcome at upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients in, 94-99 Emergent vascular access techniques, adult intraosseous use in academic EDs

and simulated comparison of (letter), 622-624

Emit-II assay, nonfatal tramadol overdose may cause false-positive phencyclidine on, 444.e5-444.e9

Empty toe, unique type of closed degloving injury with dismal outcome, 263.e1-263.e3

Encephalopathy, delayed, in rats poisoned with sarin analogue diisopropylflurophosphate, naltrexone prevents, 676-679

Endocarditis infective

native valve, one-and-a-half syndrome in a less appreciated emergency in, 459.e1-459.e3

role of procalcitonin in the diagnosis of, 935-941

right-sided, focused cardiac ultrasound in diagnosis of, 998.e3-998.e4 Endometriosis, presenting with hemorrhagic ascites, severe anemia, and shock,

272.e1-272.e3

Endosulfan, -induced cardiovascular collapse, availability of intravenous lipid emulsion therapy on, 886.e1-886.e2

Endotoxin, adsorption by polymyxin B column or intraaortic balloon pumping use for severe septic cardiomyopathy, 893.e1-893.e3

Endotracheal intubation

in air medical setting, hemodynamic consequences of ketamine vs etomidate for, 1124-1132

in cases of simulated Difficult airways, 578-580

in US EDs, estimates of sedation in patients undergoing, 222-226 Endotracheal tube

placement of, chest radiography after, 1181-1182

position of, confirmation during resuscitation by bedside ultrasonography (letter), 248-250

endovascular treatment

of early recurrent ischemic stroke following intravenous thrombolysis, 639.e5-639.e7

of subclavian artery dissection after compression trauma, 457.e1-457.e3 End-tidal carbon dioxide

arterial pressure to, gradient a bedside parameter to monitor patients with massive pulmonary embolism, 639.e1-639.e3

is associated with mortality and lactate in patients with suspected sepsis, 64-71

Energy drinks

cause Epileptic seizure and ischemic stroke, 274.e1-274.e4 overdose

death of a young man after, 1624.e3-1624.e4

and metabolic abnormalities-a double whammy! (letter), 984

overuse of (letter), 1713-1714

eosinophilic pneumonia, EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia complicated by, 1157.e5-1157.e7

Epidural hematoma, spontaneous spinal, presenting as Brown-Sequard syndrome, 757.e3-757.e4

Epiglottitis, acute, brain infarction after dissection of intrathoracic arteries secondary to, 463.e3-463.e5

Epileptic seizure, and ischemic stroke, energy drinks cause, 274.e1-274.e4 Epinephrine

autoinjector needle length inadequacy, predictors of, 1671-1676

IM, for anaphylactic shock, a case of acute STEMI after, 1157.e1-1157.e3

-induced myocardial infarction in severe anaphylaxis, 759.e1-759.e2

-induced myocardial infarction in severe anaphylaxis (letter), 1410

vs cardiac arrest in rat model, cytidine diphosphate choline improves the outcome of, 1022-1028

Epistaxis, treatment using injectable form of Tranexamic acid topically, new and rapid method for, 1389-1392

Esophagus, of adults, value of helical computed tomography for early diagnosis of foreign body in, 1328-1332

17?-Estradiol, and therapeutic hypothermia, combination treatment for transient global cerebral ischemia in rats, 154-160

EthylenediaminetetraAcetic acid (EDTA), -dependent pseudothrombocytopenia complicated by eosinophilic pneumonia,

1157.e5-1157.e7

Etomidate

procedural sedation in the ED, a descriptive study of myoclonus associated with, 852-854

vs ketamine, for endotracheal intubation in air medical setting, hemodynamic consequences of, 1124-1132

External laryngeal manipulation, optimal, during Modified bimanual laryngoscopy, 32-36

Extracorporeal compression, 3 different methods, effects on intrathoracic pressure in a swine model of ventricular fibrillation, 100-107

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

cardiac arrest with refractory ventricular fibrillation treated with resuscitation using, 264.e1-264.e2

for interhospital transfer of patient with severe ARDS, 640.e1-640.e2

in massive and submassive pulmonary embolism in tertiary care center, experience with (letter), 1616-1617

successful resuscitation of prolonged cardiac arrest with, 1627.e5-1627.e6 support as bridge to recovery in patient with electrical storm related

cardiogenic shock, 467.e1-467.e6

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), intrahepatic hematoma requiring hepatic artery embolization, a rare complication of, 1425.e1-1425.e2

Extrahospitalary donor, after cardiac death, lung transplant of, 710-711 ExtraPericardial tamponade, due to intestinal obstruction, transabdominal

decompression of, 441.e1-441.e3 Extrathoracic lung herniation, traumatic, emergency ultrasound in diagnosis of,

633.e1-633.e2

Extremity lower

improvement of CPR by bending and pressing (letter), 436-437 low-impact trauma causing Acute compartment syndrome of,

890.e3-890.e4

Eye, in patients with periorbital edema, simple tool for exposure of (letter), 1417

EZ-IO intraosseous device, in prehospital setting, multijurisdictional experience with (letter), 1712-1713

Facial vein, thrombophlebitis of, atypical Lemierre syndrome, 460.e1-460.e3 Fast emergency vehicle pre-emption system, improved the outcomes of out-of-

hospital cardiac arrest, 1466-1471 Feedback device (CPRmeter), improvement in chest Compression quality using,

1457-1461

Femoral endovascular cooling catheter, estimation of central venous pressure using inferior vena caval pressure from, 240-243

Femoral shaft fracture, hyperacute cerebral Fat embolism in a patient with, 1420.e1-1420.e3

Fentanyl, -midazolam, with ketamine-low-dose midozolam, for orthopedic emergencies, comparison of, 108-113

Fever, thrombocytopenic, and acute kidney injury, –consider the infrequent causes, 441.e5-441.e9

Filtering, the chest compression artifacts on the uninterrupted CPR time, direct evaluation of the effect of, 910-915

Finapres Portapres, in ED triage setting, non-invasive blood pressure and cardiac index measurements using, 1012-1016

Fingers, with proposed new algorithm, review of techniques for removal of trapped rings on, 1605-1611

Fingerstick blood sample, with i-STAT point-of-care device for cardiac troponin I assay, assessment of using, 1236-1239

Fire ant envenomation, anaphylaxis and delayed hymenoptera in child with, 632.e1-632.e3

Firefighters, wildland, epidemiology of injuries to, 339-345

Flecainide, toxicity, irreversible third-degree heart block and pacemaker implant in a case of, 1418.e1-1418.e2

Focal weakness, fluctuating, in an otherwise healthy young man, ischemic stroke presenting as, 887.e3-887.e5

focused assessment with sonography for trauma, traditional, traumatic mediastinal hematoma potentially fatal condition that may be overlooked by, 262.e1-262.e3

Food poisoning, leanness-enhancing agent-related, late diagnosis of an outbreak of, 1501-1503

Foot and ankle trauma, the accuracy of ultrasound evaluation in, 1551-1555 Foreign body, esophageal, in adults, value of helical computed tomography for

early diagnosis of, 1328-1332

Fracture

bone, screening in multiple trauma patient at ED, comparing diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound and radiography for, 1583-1585

of calcaneus, tongue-type, 1151.e3-1151.e4

of femoral shaft , hyperacute Cerebral fat embolism in a patient with, 1420.e1-1420.e3

laryngeal, after coughing, 1421.e1-1421.e3

of long bones, in ED, accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose, 1352-1356

multiple, pelvic digit anomaly in a patient with, 1537.e1-1537.e2 pelvic, who need transfers, pelvic circumferential compression devices

benefit patients with, 1432-1436

sternal

after cardioversion (letter), 1532

isolated, treated on an outpatient basis, 227-230 of sternum

and dyslipidemia, 997.e3-997.e5

isolated, with no direct trauma, 631.e1-631.e3

Fresh-frozen plasma, perceptions about time for normalization of international normalized ratio in patients requiring acute warfarin reversal when using (letter), 878-879

Gait disturbance, aortic dissection presenting as, 269.e1-269.e2 Gallbladder perforation, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography to diagnose,

1240-1243

Gastric dilatation, and circulatory collapse, due to eating disorder, 633.e3-633.e4

Gastric outlet obstruction, and acute renal insufficiency, profound alkalemia secondary to, 444.e1-444.e3

Gastric pneumatosis, secondary to celiac axis occlusion unusual cause of abdominal pain, 446.e5-446.e6

Gastrointestinal bleeding upper

appropriate outcome periods for assessing risk scoring systems for (letter), 985-986

lower, in Renal cell carcinoma, unique presentation of, 1622.e3-1622.e4 of patients in emergency unit, comparison of risk scoring systems in

predicting clinical outcome at, 94-99

prospective comparison of GBS with PRS and CRS in, 775-778 Gender differences, in Emergency stroke care and hospital outcome in acute

ischemic stroke, 178-184

Genetic research, protocol, variations in institutional review board reviews of a multi-center, ED-based, 967-969

Genetics, psychiatry, and toxicology, diagnosis of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency at the intersection of, 1420.e5-1420.e6

Geriatric patients

abuse and use in ED, association between, 693-698

with acute behavioral disturbance in the ED, parenteral sedation of, 970-973 with minor head injury at very low risk in ED, 37-41

with trauma scores after Motor vehicle trauma, evaluation of, 1453-1456 visiting ED, atypical presentations of dengue disease in, 783-787

and younger adults, in ED, different impact of appropriateness of empirical antibiotics for bacteremia, 282-290

and younger patients, Emergency airway management in, 190-196 Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), with PRS, and CRS, in upper gastrointestinal

bleeding, prospective comparison of, 775-778 Glidescope GVL(R), evaluation in simulated difficult airway, 589-592 Glucose

blood, variability with outcomes in comatose cardiac arrest survivors treated with therapeutic hypothermia, association of, 566-572

blood levels, as adjunct for prehospital field triage, 556-561 differentiation of exudate from transudate ascites based on dipstick values of,

779-782

Goal-directed therapy, early, algid malaria treated with, 263.e5-263.e10 Graft-versus-host disease, in autologous stem cell transplantation (letter),

748-749

Graves disease, subclinical, acute myocardial infarction with Normal coronary arteries associated with, 1721.e1-1721.e2

Groin, in a manikin model, laboratory assessment of out-of-hospital interventions to control junctional bleeding from (letter), 1276-1278

Guidewires, retained, after central venous catheterization in tertiary care center, incidence of (letter), 1528-1530

Guillain-Barre syndrome cooccurrence

and myasthenia gravis, 1264-1267

and myasthenia gravis (letter), 1710-1711

gunshot wounds, in knee, initial evaluation of, 1291.e3-1291.e5

Haemophilus influenzae, serotype f as a rare cause of septic arthritis, 1156.e5-1156.e6

Haloperidol, for treatment of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, 1003.e5-1003.e6

Hantavirus infection, in North America, a clinical review, 978-982 HATCH score, evaluation for predicting progression to sustained atrial

fibrillation in ED patients with new atrial fibrillation, 792-797

Headache

at ED, triage of children with, 670-675

and hypertension, unusual cause of, 272.e5-272.e6

migraine, prolonged, randomized open-label study of sodium valproate vs sumatriptan and metoclopramide for, 540-544

Head extension, assisted, minimizes frequency of dental contact with laryngo scopic blade during tracheal intubation, 1629-1633

Head injury and its effect on return rates from pediatric ED, use of ondansetron for nausea

and vomiting after, 166-172

mild, in pediatrics, and algorithms for management in the ED and in young athletes, 1133-1138

minor, in elderly at very low risk in ED, 37-41

head position angles, to open upper airway differ less with head positioned on support, 80-85

Head trauma, severe, therapeutic use of omega-3 fatty acids in, 273.e5-273.e8 Health care, priorities are unclear (letter), 411-413

Heart block, third-degree, irreversible, and pacemaker implant in a case of

flecainide toxicity, 1418.e1-1418.e2 Heart failure

acute

decompensated, from COPD, three-view bedside ultrasound to differentiate, 759.e3-759.e5

determination of predictive cutoff value of NT-proBNP testing for long-term survival in ED patients with, 1634-1637

predictive cutoff point of admission N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic peptide testing in ED for prognosis of patients with, 1191-1195

in adolescents with dilated cardiomyopathy, abdominal complaints as common first presentation of, 684-686

among acutely dyspneic patients with cardiac, inferior vena cava, and lung ultrasonography, diagnosis of, 1208-1214

and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, relation between (letter), 1533

wet beriberi, in 30-year-old woman, eating disorder leading to, 460.e5-460.e6

Heart rate, variability risk score for prediction of acute cardiac complications in ED patients with chest pain, 1201-1207

Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), as potential biomarker of acute carbon monoxide poisoning, 1165-1169

Heat stroke

fatal, associated with Topiramate therapy, 1720.e5-1720.e6

vs central nervous system-associated infection, in ED, low plasma C-reactive protein level as an early diagnostic tool for, 1176-1180

Helicopter rescue, LUCAS compared to Manual CPR is more effective during, 384-389

Helicopters, and ambulance, prehospital stroke diagnosis and treatment in, 743-747

Hematemesis

–Dieulafoy lesion, adult female with, 889.e5-889.e6

Hemodialysis

in patient with beriberi (letter), 753 Hemodynamics

consequences of ketamine vs etomidate for endotracheal intubation in the air medical setting, 1124-1132

rescue and ECG stability during chest compressions, using adenosine and lidocaine after 8-minute asphyxial hypoxia in rat,

1539-1545

stable, blunt abdominal trauma, physical examination combined with focused assessment sonography to clear patients with (letter), 1527-1528

Hemoperitoneum, Semiquantitative analysis on admission of blunt trauma patients improves prediction of massive transfusion, 130-136

Hemophagocytic Syndrome, mumps caused, a rare case report, 1000.e1-1000.e2

Hemorrhage

of Blunt renal trauma, real-time 3-dimensional Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in detecting, 1427-1431

brain stem, spontaneous, therapeutic hypothermia complicated by, 266.e1-266.e3

intestinal, intramural, spontaneous, laboratory tests to differentiate acute mesenteric ischemia from, 1586-1590

intracranial, with electrocardiographic abnormalities and troponin elevation, 271.e5-271.e7

putamen, occurred simultaneously with Stanford Type A acute aortic dissection, a case report, 995.e3-995.e4

severe, of rats, efficacy of centhaquin as small volume resuscitative agent in, 1315-1321

subarachnoid, in patient on dabigatran (Pradaxa), 455.e3-455.e5

vitreous, and traumatic lens dislocation, bedside ultrasound in diagnosis of, 1002.e1-1002.e2

Hemorrhagic shock

median arcuate ligament syndrome presenting as, 1152.e1-1152.e4 postpartum, and disseminated intravascular coagulation with damage

control resuscitation, management of, 1291.e1-1291.e2 taumatic, intraosseous blood transfusion in infants with, 640.e3-640.e4

Hemostasis, intervention, application of shock index to the prediction of need for, 1260-1263

Hemothorax

right, penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer rupture causing, a rare presentation of acute aortic syndrome, 755.e5-755.e7

spontaneous, following thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapy for massive pulmonary embolism, 999.e1-999.e3

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, transient ischemic attack in, 757.e1-757.e2

Heroin, suspected, -induced bronchospasm, effect of prehospital nebulized naloxone on, 717-718

herpes zoster meningitis, with multidermatomal rash in an immunocompetent patient, 1622.e1-1622.e2

Hippocampus, and cortex, after CPR in rats, changes in expression of Nogo receptor 1 in, 353-359

Hospital

children’s, factors associated with use of procedural sedation during incision and drainage procedures at, 302-308

outcome, and emergency stroke care, in acute ischemic stroke, gender differences in, 178-184

quality measures, of negative case of atrial fibrillation, impact of ED management on, 822-824

Hospital admission

of blunt trauma patients improves prediction of massive transfusion, hemoperitoneum semiquantitative analysis on, 130-136

from ED, risk stratification model of acute pyelonephritis to indicate, 1067-1072

in ED observation unit

effect of advanced age and vital signs on, 1-7 prospective evaluation of the use of TIMI score as risk stratification tool for

chest pain patients, 185-189

with first-time apparent life-threatening event, mortality after discharge in clinically stable infants, 730-733

for hanging injuries with decreased consciousness but without cardiac arrest, outcomes of, 1666-1670

NT-proBNP testing in ED, for prognosis of patients with acute heart failure, predictive cutoff point of, 1191-1195

in patients presenting to ED with TIA in United States, rates and factors associated with, 516-519

to pediatric intensive care unit, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

colonization is not associated with higher rate of, 727-729

rates of ED patients with transient ischemic attack have increased since 2000, 1349-1351

after stay in ED observation unit, identifying patients with cellulitis who are likely to require in, 360-364

unplanned, within 72 hours after ED discharge, characteristics and Prognostic predictors of, 1490-1494

value of combined high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, and ultrasensitive copeptin assays for early rule out of acute myocardial infarction in ED patients at, 1302-1308

Hospital discharge

best practices for cross-setting communication at ED, 1297-1301 characteristics and prognostic predictors of unplanned hospital admission

within 72 hours after ED, 1490-1494

in clinically stable infants admitted with first-time apparent life-threatening event, mortality after, 730-733

predicts all-cause mortality in patients with sepsis, interleukin-6 at, 1361-1364

from 2 urban EDs, multidisciplinary intervention decreases use of opioid medication packs at, 1343-1348

Hospitalization

and ED, quick diagnosis units can avoid referrals from primary care to, 114-123

for influenza in EDs, derivation of clinical prediction rule to predict, 529-534 and return after COPD visits in ED, 1393-1396

?-Human chorionic gonadotropin, with ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the ED, correlation of (letter), 876-877

Human chorionic gonadotropin test, urine, inappropriate use of qualitative, point-of-care (letter), 992-993

Human growth hormone, intraosseous administration, the efficiency of, 1255-1259

Hydrochlorothiazide, and ramipril treatment of hypertensive urgency in ED (letter), 1533-1534

Hydromorphone, reduced dose, and low-dose ketamine, in ED patients with severe pain, effective analgesia with, 847-851

Hymenoptera, delayed, and anaphylaxis, in child with fire ant envenomation, 632.e1-632.e3

Hyperalgesia, opioid-induced, –worsening pain in opioid-dependent patients, 458.e5-458.e6

Hyperammonemia, in idiopathic epileptic seizure, 1486-1489 Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

adjunctive, severe blood loss anemia in Jehovah’s Witness treated with, 756.e3-756.e4

or carbon monoxide poisoning, cause of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (letter), 247

paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after, 261.e5-261.e7 Hypercalcemia, in ED, 657-660

Hyperglycemia

nonketotic, in a patient with stroke, computed tomographic and magnetic resonance abnormalities of basal ganglion secondary to, 1292.e3-1292.e4

Hyperkalemia

and bradycardia, atropine resistant (letter), 1415

-induced pacemaker dysfunction (letter), 879

life-threatening, after 2 days of ibuprofen, 465.e1-465.e2 Hypernatremia, patient with demyelination, laminar cortical necrosis, and

rhabdomyolysis associated with, 269.e3-269.

Hyperpronation, and supination-flexion maneuvers, in childhood nursemaid’s elbow cases, comparison of success and pain levels of, 1078-1081

Hypertension

in ED, ramipril and hydrochlorothiazide treatment of (letter), 1533-1534 and headache, unusual cause of, 272.e5-272.e6

Hypertriglyceridemia, -induced acute pancreatitis, urgent apheresis combined with insulin infusion in, 452.e1-452.e2

Hypocalcemia

life-threatening, associated with denosumab in patient with moderate renal insufficiency, 756.e1-756.e2

long QT interval in patient after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with, undergoing therapeutic hypothermia, 1722.e1-1722.e3

Hypocomplementemia, and unilateral lung opacity, in a young female, anaphylaxis followed by, 1623.e1-1623.e2

Hypoglycemic poisoning, oral, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601 Hypokalemia, congenital Long QT syndrome masked by atrial fibrillation and

unmasked by, 451.e3-451.e6 Hypotension

methylene blue for treatment of refractory anaphylaxis without, 264.e3-264.e5

methylene blue for treatment of refractory anaphylaxis without (letter), 753

refractory, in takotsubo cardiomyopathy (letter), 1619-1620 Hypothermia

effects on brain injury assessed by MRI after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in porcine model of cardiac arrest, 86-93

-mediated sepsis protection, role of Autonomic nervous system function in, 375-380

therapeutic

application vs standard support care in Post resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, 319-325

association of blood glucose variability with outcomes in comatose cardiac arrest survivors treated with, 566-572

and 17?-estradiol, combination treatment for transient global cerebral ischemia in rats, 154-160

cardiac arrest survivor to wake up in, 888.e5-888.e6

complicated by spontaneous brain stem hemorrhage, 266.e1-266.e3 long QT interval in patient after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with

hypocalcaemia, undergoing, 1722.e1-1722.e3

mild, after resuscitation, ventricular fibrillation caused by coronary artery spasm during, 453.e5-453.e8

in sepsis (editorial), 381-382

through continuous renal replacement therapy, good neurologic recovery after cardiac arrest using, 1720.e1-1720.e3

Hypovolemia

in healthy volunteers, ultrasonography of jugular vein as marker of, 173-177

takotsubo cardiomyopathy a hidden enemy of patient with, 262.e5-262.e7 and ultrasound, role of inferior vena cava and right ventricular diameter in

assessment of volume status in, 763-767

Hypoxia, asphyxia, 8-minute in rat, hemodynamic rescue and ECG stability during chest compressions using adenosine and lidocaine after, 1539-1545

Ibuprofen

life-threatening hyperkalemia after 2 days of, 465.e1-465.e2

vs acetaminophen vs their combination for relief of musculoskeletal pain in ED, 1357-1360

Icatibant, in a patient, successful treatment of facial attack of Idiopathic angioedema with, 1295.e5-1295.e6

Immigrants, undocumented, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease presentation and implications in, 1419.e1-1419.e2

Immune system, takotsubo cardiomyopathy after anti-influenza vaccination, a catecholaminergic effect of, 1627.e1-1627.e4

Immunosuppression, trauma, or coinfection, or spontaneous septic arthritis in a patient without, 1623.e3-1623.e4

Infants. see Pediatrics Infection

acute, of neck, in children, 906-909

bacterial, among patients with influenza-like illness, C-reactive protein as predictor of, 137-144

central nervous system-associated, vs heatstroke, in ED, low plasma C- reactive protein level as an early diagnostic tool for, 1176-1180

cervical Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis, in pregnant patients in ED, underrecognition of, 661-663

Plasmodium vivax, severe sepsis and septic shock due to, 761.e1-761.e2 presence of crystals is not an evidence of absence of, 455.e1-455.e2

of soft tissue, necrotizing, with gas formation caused by Vibrio vulnificus and misdiagnosed as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 464.e5-464.e8

Infective endocarditis

native valve, one-and-a-half syndrome in a less appreciated emergency in, 459.e1-459.e3

role of procalcitonin in the diagnosis of, 935-941 Inferior vena cava

cardiac and lung, diagnosing heart failure among acutely dyspneic patients with ultrasonography of, 1208-1214

performed by emergency residents, interrater reliability of Ultrasound imaging of, 1509-1511

and right ventricular diameter, role in assessment of volume status in ultrasound and hypovolemia, 763-767

Inferior vena caval pressure, from femoral endovascular cooling catheter, estimation of central venous pressure using, 240-243

Inflammation, cytokine release, and brain edema after prolonged cardiac arrest in swine, effect of Shenfu on, 1159-1164

Inflammatory indicators, should be kept in mind when assessing red cell distribution width in patients with pneumonia (letter), 1144-1145

Influenza

in EDs, derivation of clinical prediction rule to predict hospitalization for, 529-534

like illness, C-reactive protein as predictor of bacterial infection among patients with, 137-144

season, cytokine markers as predictors of type of respiratory infection in patients during, 816-821

Influenza vaccination, takotsubo cardiomyopathy a catecholaminergic effect of immune system after, 1627.e1-1627.e4

Infusion therapy, midst of Copernican revolution in (letter), 435

Inguinal hernia, indirect, Retroperitoneal hematoma after Manual reduction of, 1151.e1-1151.e2

Injury

brain, assessed by MRI after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in porcine model of cardiac arrest, effects of hypothermia on, 86-93

closed degloving, with dismal outcome, empty toe unique type of, 263.e1-263.e3

craniocerebral, penetrating, caused by rubber bullet questions the relative harmlessness of these weapons, 636.e5-636.e7

dental, deep sedation with sevoflurane insufflated via nasal cannula in uncooperative child undergoing the repair of, 894.e1-894.e3

hanging, with decreased consciousness but without cardiac arrest, outcomes of patients admitted for, 1666-1670

lung, and pneumothorax, after defibrillation as demonstrated with computed tomography, 1003.e1-1003.e3

microwave oven-related, treated in hospital EDs in the United States, 1990 to 2010, 958-963

in patients presenting by private vehicle in state trauma system, characteristics and outcomes of, 275-281

penile zipper, delayed, nonoperative treatment for (letter), 419-420

in rat model of combined crush injury, electrocardiographic changes after, 1661-1665

softball, treated in US EDs, 1994 to 2010, 900-905

stove-related, treated in EDs in the United States, 1990-2010, 1571-1577 swimming, treated in US EDs, 803-809

traumatic, from soccer, Pulmonary laceration secondary to, a case report and review of the literature, 1625.e1-1625.e2

to wildland firefighters, epidemiology of, 339-345 instantaneous rigor, or something else (letter), 407

Institutional review board (IRB), of a multi-center ED-based genetic research protocol, variations in, 967-969

Insulin infusion, in hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis, urgent apheresis combined with, 452.e1-452.e2

insulin therapy, high-dose, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601

Insurance, and significant burden of disease, most frequent ED patients carry, 16-19

Intensive care unit (ICU)

ED, and ED intensivists, 617-620

pediatric, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization is not associated with higher rate of admission to, 727-729

Intent, probable, and cardiac disease after drowning, 1073-1077

Interleukin-6, at discharge predicts all-cause mortality in patients with sepsis, 1361-1364

intermediate syndrome, due to organophosphate intoxication, effectiveness of therapeutic plasma exchange in patients with, 953-957

International normalized ratio , in patients requiring acute warfarin reversal when using fresh-frozen plasma, perceptions about time for normalization of (letter), 878-879

Internist, airway management of adult patients without trauma in ED led by, 1338-1342

Intestinal hemorrhage, intramural, spontaneous, laboratory tests to differentiate acute mesenteric ischemia from, 1586-1590

Intestinal malrotation, left-sided appendicitis in 47-year-old man with previously undiagnosed, 459.e5-459.e6

Intestinal obstruction, transabdominal decompression of extrapericardial tamponade due to, 441.e1-441.e3

Intoxication

acute, cardiac arrest caused by, 1443-1447

dabigatran, fatal, secondary to acute renal failure, 462.e1-462.e2

with flecainide, irreversible third-degree heart block and pacemaker implant in a case of, 1418.e1-1418.e2

methadone, early antidote use associated with noninvasive ventilation in prehospital treatment of, 448.e5-448.e6

nitrous oxide, in technical and Therapeutic aspects (letter), 406

opioid, suspected, use and efficacy of nebulized naloxone in patients with, 585-588

organophosphate, effectiveness of therapeutic plasma exchange in patients with intermediate syndrome due to, 953-957

tricyclic antidepressant, electrocardiographic changes in (letter), 751-752

Intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP), or polymyxin B column, use for severe septic cardiomyopathy, endotoxin adsorption by, 893.e1-893.e3

Intra-arrest transnasal evaporative cooling, it is not contrast media, CT imaging appearance of, 638.e5-638.e6

Intracranial hemorrhage

with electrocardiographic abnormalities and troponin elevation, 271.e5-271.e7

traumatic, and anticoagulant or antiplatelet use, risk of unfavorable long- term outcome in older adults with, 1244-1247

Intracranial hypotension, spontaneous, postpartum, 461.e1-461.e3 Intracranial pressure, use of sonographic diameter of optic nerve sheath to

estimate, 236-239

Intrahepatic hematoma, requiring hepatic artery embolization, a rare complication of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, 1425.e1-1425.e2

Intramuscular administration, of epinephrine, for anaphylactic shock, a case of acute STEMI after, 1157.e1-1157.e3

Intramuscular injection, pulse, repeated, of pralidoxime chloride in severe acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning, 946-949

Intraosseous

adult, use in academic EDs and simulated comparison of emergent vascular access techniques (letter), 622-624

blood transfusion, in infants with traumatic hemorrhagic shock, 640.e3-640.e4

Intraosseous administration, of human growth hormone, the efficiency of, 1255-1259

Intrathoracic artery dissection, secondary to acute epiglottitis, brain infarction after, 463.e3-463.e5

Intrathoracic pressure, in swine model of ventricular fibrillation, effects of 3 different compression methods on, 100-107

Intravenous administration

of sedatives, combination, in ED, safety and efficacy of, 1402-1404

versus subcutaneous, in rehydration of children with mild to moderate dehydration, cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated, 928-934

Intubation

with different airway devices, upper cervical spine movement during, 1034-1036

and ED visits, for congestive heart failure declined from 1996 to 2008, rates of, 1677-1680

endotracheal

in air medical setting, hemodynamic consequences of ketamine vs etomidate for, 1124-1132

in cases of Simulated difficult airways, 578-580

in US EDs, estimates of sedation in patients undergoing, 222-226 successful second and third, attempts in ED, factors associated with,

1376-1381

tracheal, assisted head extension minimizes frequency of dental contact with laryngoscopic blade during, 1629-1633

Intussusception, jejunojejunal, after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 452.e3-452.e5

Ischemia, spinal cord, in rabbits, Neuroprotective effects of progesterone in, 581-584

Ischemic stroke acute

gender differences in emergency stroke care and hospital outcome in, 178-184

identification of painless aortic dissection before thrombolytic treatment for, 762.e5-762.e6

predictive value of CPSS for identifying thrombolytic candidates in, 1699-1702

in 3- to 4.5-hour window, community implementation of intravenous thrombolysis for, 1707-1709

Torsade de pointes indicates early neurologic damage in, 1719.e5-1719.e7 early recurrent, following intravenous thrombolysis, endovascular treatment

of, 639.e5-639.e7

and epileptic seizure, energy drinks cause, 274.e1-274.e4 presenting as Fluctuating focal weakness in an otherwise healthy young man,

887.e3-887.e5

i-STAT device, point-of-care, for cardiac troponin I assay, assessment of using

fingerstick blood sample with, 1236-1239

jejunojejunal intussusception, after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 452.e3-452.e5 Joint cupping, maneuver, novel, clinical for ultraSonographic detection of knee

Joint effusions, 1598-1600

Jolt accentuation of headache, cannot accurately rule out meningitis in adults, absence of, 1601-1604

Jugular vein, ultrasonography of, as marker of hypovolemia in healthy volunteers, 173-177

Kawasaki disease, incomplete, 894.e5-894.e7 Ketamine

abuse of, Renal infarction secondary to, 1153.e3-1153.e5 low-dose

analgesia, in patient and physician experience in ED, 390-394 midozolam, with midazolam-fentanyl, for orthopedic emergencies,

comparison of, 108-113

for pain management in ED, emerging applications of (letter), 416-419 and reduced dose hydromorphone in ED patients with severe pain,

effective analgesia with, 847-851

vs etomidate, for endotracheal intubation in air medical setting, hemodynamic consequences of, 1124-1132

Ketoacidosis, diabetic, catamenial, –a diagnostic dilemma in ED, 464.e1-464.e3

Kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities and laboratory findings in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who have, 487-493

Kidney injury, acute, and thrombocytopenic fever, –consider the infrequent causes, 441.e5-441.e9

King LTS-D(TM), evaluation in simulated difficult airway, 589-592 Kiwi fruit, anaphylactic shock due to (letter), 626

Knee, initial evaluation of gunshot wounds in, 1291.e3-1291.e5 Knee joint effusions, novel joint cupping clinical maneuver for ultrasonographic

detection of, 1598-1600

Laboratory assessment, of out-of-hospital interventions to control junctional bleeding from the groin in a manikin model (letter), 1276-1278

Laboratory tests

to differentiate spontaneous intramural intestinal hemorrhage from acute mesenteric ischemia, 1586-1590

redundant, for transferred ED patients, frequency and cost of, 1121-1123 Lactate

arterial and venous in the ED, prediction of, 1118-1120

D- and L-, community-based comparison of trauma patient outcomes between, 206-214

and mortality, in patients with suspected sepsis, end-tidal carbon dioxide is associated with, 64-71

Lactic acid, capillary, validation in ED, 1365-1367

Laminar cortical necrosis, demyelination, and rhabdomyolysis, associated with hypernatremia in patient with, 269.e3-269.

Landiolol hydrochloride, in conservative management of blunt aortic injury, clinical experience with, 1290.e3-1290.e5

Laryngeal fracture, after coughing, 1421.e1-1421.e3

Laryngeal mask airway, for safe use without cuff manometer in children, comparison of 2 cuff inflation methods before insertion of, 346-352

Laryngoscope, video, with Macintosh, in manikin with easy and difficult simulated airways, comparison of, 330-338

Laryngoscopy

blade, during tracheal intubation, assisted head extension minimizes frequency of dental contact with, 1629-1633

direct, evaluation in simulated difficult airway, 589-592

modified bimanual, optimal external laryngeal manipulation during, 32-36

Leanness-enhancing agent, -related food poisoning, late diagnosis of an outbreak of, 1501-1503

Left ventricular free wall rupture, pulseless electrical activity after myocardial infarction not caused by, 267.e5-267.e7

Left ventricular function, compromised, unfractionated heparin vs low- molecular-weight heparin in patients with (letter), 750-751

Lemierre syndrome

atypical, thrombophlebitis of facial vein, 460.e1-460.e3 complicated by cerebral abscess, 458.e1-458.e3

complicated by purulent pericarditis, in 10-month-old with, 274.e5-274.e7 presenting to ED with rapidly fatal sepsis caused by methicillin-susceptible

Staphylococcus aureus of Staphylococcus protein A type t044, 268.e5-268.e7

Lens dislocation, traumatic, and vitreous hemorrhage, bedside ultrasound in diagnosis of, 1002.e1-1002.e2

Leptospirosis, severe, treatment with intravenous corticosteroids and supportive care, 449.e1-449.e2

Levosulpiride, and citalopram for QT prolongation, dangerous drug combination of, 1624.e1-1624.e2

Lidocaine, and adenosine after 8-minute asphyxial hypoxia in rat, hemodynamic rescue and ECG stability during chest compressions using, 1539-1545

Life support, extracorporeal, survival after prolonged resuscitation from cardiac arrest due to diabetic ketoacidosis using, 892.e1-892.e2

Lipid emulsion

intravenous, on endosulfan-induced cardiovascular collapse, availability of, 886.e1-886.e2

therapy in cardiodepressive syndrome after diltiazem overdose–case report, 1154.e3-1154.e4

lipid rescue therapy

caution with interpreting laboratory results after, 1536.e1-1536.e2 toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601

Locked-in syndrome, of posterior stroke in ED, 1294.e1-1294.e3 Loeffler’s endomyocarditis, from cardiac arrest to complete recovery,

271.e1-271.e3

Long bone fracture, in ED, accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose, 1352-1356

Long QT interval, in patient after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with hypocalcaemia, undergoing therapeutic hypothermia, 1722.e1-1722.e3

Long QT syndrome, congenital, masked by atrial fibrillation and unmasked by hypokalemia, 451.e3-451.e6

Longus colli tendonitis, clinical consequences of a misdiagnosis, 1538.e1-1538.e2

low-molecular-weight heparin

vs unfractionated heparin, in patients with compromised left ventricular function (letter), 750-751

vs vitamin K antagonist, in pulmonary embolism, importance of meta- analysis of long-term trials of (letter), 627-628

LUCAS 2 device

compression depth, and the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines, 1154.e1-1154.e2

percutaneous noncoronary interventions during continuous mechanical chest compression with, 456.e1-456.e3

Lund University Cardiac Assist System (LUCAS), compared to manual CPR, is more effective during helicopter rescue, 384-389

Lung, cardiac and inferior vena cava, diagnosing heart failure among acutely dyspneic patients with ultrasonography of, 1208-1214

Lung injury

and clinical severity in septic patients, simplified ultrasound-based edema score to assess, 1656-1660

and pneumothorax, after defibrillation as demonstrated with computed tomography, 1003.e1-1003.e3

Lung opacity, unilateral, and hypocomplementemia in a young female, anaphylaxis followed by, 1623.e1-1623.e2

Lung transplant, of extrahospitalary donor after cardiac death, 710-711 Lymphadenopathy, pigmented, painful, secondary to decorative tattooing,

1001.e1-1001.e2

Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Warburg effect associated with transformed, 999.e5-999.e6

Macintosh, in manikin with easy and difficult simulated airways, comparison of 3 video laryngoscopes with, 330-338

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in porcine model of cardiac arrest, effects

of hypothermia on brain injury assessed by, 86-93 cardiovascular, after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, clinical utility of,

1293.e5-1293.e6

and computed tomographic abnormalities of basal ganglion, secondary to nonketotic hyperglycemia in a patient with stroke,

1292.e3-1292.e4

and computed tomography, correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter measurements by, 1595-1597

in transient global amnesia, Bilateral hippocampal abnormalities in, 755.e1-755.e3

Malaria, algid, treated with early goal-directed therapy, 263.e5-263.e10 Malfunctioning shunt, cerebral regional oxygen saturation monitoring in

pediatric patients with, 365-374

Malpractice, contribute to ED crowding, could fear of (letter), 1612-1613 Manual vacuum aspiration, in ED for management of early pregnancy failure

(letter), 244-247

Mass casualty incidents, after-action review tool for ED after, 798-802 Massive coagulopathy, neuroleptic malignant syndrome-induced, treated by

recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin, 636.e1-636.e3

Massive transfusion, hemoperitoneum semiquantitative analysis on admission of blunt trauma patients improves prediction of, 130-136

Mastoiditis, Bezold abscess rare complication of, 1626.e3-1626.e4 May-Thurner syndrome, and prostatism, 445.e1-445.e2

Median arcuate ligament syndrome, presenting as hemorrhagic shock, 1152.e1-1152.e4

Mediastinal hematoma, traumatic, potentially fatal condition that may be overlooked by traditional FAST, 262.e1-262.e3

Medicaid enrollees, with frequent ED use, characteristics of, 1333-1337 Medicaid population, Colorado’s pediatric, potential barriers associated with

increased prevalence of Perforated appendicitis in, 469-472 Medical care, emergency physicians’ knowledge of the total charges of, 950-952 Medical management team, on-site, on municipal 911 emergency medical

services, impact of mass gathering events with (letter), 256-257 Medical records, electronic, in a community hospital ED, productivity analysis

of, 1591-1594

Medical service, for children high-altitude group trekking activity (letter), 1142-1144

MEDS. see Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis Meningitis

in adults, absence of jolt accentuation of headache cannot accurately rule out, 1601-1604

bacterial, acute, in ED, determinants of timely management of, 1056-1061 herpes zoster, with multidermatomal rash in an immunocompetent patient,

1622.e1-1622.e2

meningococcal, an Unusual presentation of, –timely recognition can save lives!, 1001.e3-1001.e4

panspinal Epidural abscess concomitant with, 1155.e5-1155.e6 Meningococcal meningitis, an unusual presentation of, –timely recognition can

save lives!, 1001.e3-1001.e4

Mental health, alcohol, and drug-related complaints, frequent ED visits for, 1512-1515

Mental status, altered, prevalence of non-convulsive seizure and other electroencephalographic abnormalities in ED patients with, 1578-1582

Mesenteric ischemia acute

diamine oxidase in diagnosis of, 309-312

laboratory tests to differentiate spontaneous intramural intestinal hemorrhage from, 1586-1590

Metabolic abnormality, and energy drink overdose -a double whammy! (letter), 984

Metabolic acidosis despite severe vomiting

correct diagnosis by use of the physical-chemical approach in a patient presenting with, 995.e1-995.e2

correct diagnosis of a patient using the physical-chemical approach presenting with (erratum), 1535

negative anion gap, in salicylate overdose, 1536.e3-1536.e4 Metabolic clearance rate

and initial arterial lactate level, in patients with acute Paraquat poisoning, prognostic value of, 1230-1235

in patients with acute paraquat poisoning, prognostic value of initial arterial lactate level and, 1230-1235

Metatarsophalangeal joint, fourth, irreducible dislocation of, 265.e1-265.e3 Metformin, first dose, angioedema after, 634.e5

Methadone, intoxication, early antidote use associated with noninvasive ventilation in prehospital treatment of, 448.e5-448.e6

Methanol poisoning, from methyl acetate-containing products, examining the risk of, 964-966

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), colonization is not associated with higher rate of admission to pediatric intensive care unit, 727-729

Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, of Staphylococcus protein A type t044, Lemierre’s syndrome presenting to ED with rapidly fatal sepsis caused by, 268.e5-268.e7

Methyl acetate, -containing products, examining the risk of methanol poisoning from, 964-966

Methylene blue

for refractory anaphylaxis (letter), 1140-1141

for treatment of refractory anaphylaxis without hypotension, 264.e3-264.e5 for treatment of refractory anaphylaxis without hypotension (letter), 753

Metoclopramide, and sumatriptan, vs sodium valproate, for prolonged migraine headache, randomized open-label study of, 540-544

Microwave oven-related injury, treated in hospital EDs in the United States, 1990 to 2010, 958-963

Middle latency auditory evoked potential (MLAEP)

index for predicting degree of consciousness of comatose patients in EDs, 1556-1559

initial, helps to predict resuscitated outcomes in patients with cardiac arrest, 895-899

Midozolam, low-dose, comparison of ketamine and fentanyl with, for orthopedic emergencies, 108-113

Migraine headache, prolonged, randomized open-label study of sodium valproate vs sumatriptan and metoclopramide for, 540-544

MLAEP. see Middle latency auditory evoked potentials

Mononucleosis, infectious, nonsurgical management of complicated splenic rupture in, 1152.e5-1152.e6

Monophasic defibrillation, versus biphasic, in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 1472-1478

Mortality

in the acute coronary syndromes, new predictors of (letter), 1286-1287 in acute pancreatitis

red cell distribution width a novel and simple predictor of (letter), 991-992 red cell distribution width as predictor of, 687-689

all-cause, in patients with sepsis, interleukin-6 at discharge predicts, 1361-1364

after discharge in clinically stable infants admitted with first-time apparent life-threatening event, 730-733

and lactate, in patients with suspected sepsis, end-tidal carbon dioxide is associated with, 64-71

in newborns with early sepsis, red cell distribution width predict (letter), 1150

for patients visiting US EDs, evaluation of weekend effect on, 835-837 in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, red cell distribution width is a

predictor of (letter), 989-990

in Vibrio vulnificus-related patients, REMS as a main predictor of, 1037-1041 Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS)

score as a prognostic indicator in patients with pyogenic liver absces, 916-921

score combined with procalcitonin in septic patients, evaluation of, 1086-1091

motor vehicle accidents

evaluation of geriatric patients with trauma scores after, 1453-1456 susceptibility-weighted imaging in patient with consciousness disturbance

after, 261.e1-261.e3

Mumps, caused hemophagocytic syndrome, a rare case report, 1000.e1-1000.e2

Musculoskeletal pain, in ED, ibuprofen vs acetaminophen vs their combination for relief of, 1357-1360

Myasthenia gravis

and Guillain-Barre cooccurrence syndrome (letter), 1710-1711 and Guillain-Barre syndrome cooccurrence, 1264-1267

myasthenic crisis, takotsubo cardiomyopathy and torsade de pointes in (letter), 1710-1711

Myeloperoxidase, and C-reactive protein, in patients with cocaine-associated chest pain, 664-669

Myocardial dysfunction, postresuscitation, after Asphyxial cardiac arrest, 1690-1696; (editorial), 1697-1698

Myocardial infarction (MI) acute

in ED patients, value of combined high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and ultrasensitive copeptin assays at admission for early rule out of, 1302-1308

following psoralen plus ultraviolet light therapy, 1423.e1-1423.e2 with normal coronary arteries associated with subclinical Graves disease,

1721.e1-1721.e2

after acute coronary syndrome with clopidogrel and prasugrel, predictors of (letter), 1287-1288

complicated by atrioventricular block in both normal and accessory pathways, preexcitation syndrome with, 1621.e5-1621.e7

epinephrine-induced

in severe anaphylaxis, 759.e1-759.e2 in severe anaphylaxis (letter), 1410

false-positive ST-elevation, in ED, characteristics and prognosis in patients with, 825-829

isolated thigh pain in, 998.e1-998.e2

non-ST-elevation, B-type natriuretic peptide and infarct size in (letter), 1618 non-ST-segment elevation, ED administration of thienopyridines in,

1005-1011

not caused by left ventricular free wall rupture, pulseless electrical activity after, 267.e5-267.e7

ST-segment elevation acute, after IM epinephrine for anaphylactic shock, a case of, 1157.e1-1157.e3 acute, induced by aortic dissection, prehospital thrombolysis expansion

may raise rate of its inappropriate administration in (letter), 628-629 B-type natriuretic peptide and infarct size in (letter), 1619

obstructive, fulminant myocarditis complicated with, 635.e1-635.e3

patients by emergency medicine services, an algorithm for identification of, 1098-1102

Myocardial injury, in carbon monoxide poisoning, new marker for, 1651-1655 Myocarditis, fulminant, complicated with obstructive ST-elevation myocardial

infarction, 635.e1-635.e3

Myoclonus, associated with etomidate procedural sedation in the ED, a descriptive study of, 852-854

Naloxone nebulized

prehospital, effect on suspected heroin-induced bronchospasm, 717-718 use and efficacy in patients with suspected opioid intoxication, 585-588

Naltrexone, prevents Delayed encephalopathy in rats poisoned with sarin analogue diisopropylflurophosphate, 676-679

Nasal cannula, deep sedation with sevoflurane insufflated via, in uncooperative child undergoing the repair of dental injury, 894.e1-894.e3

Nausea, and vomiting, after head injury and its effect on return rates from pediatric ED, use of ondansetron for, 166-172

Near-infrared spectroscopy, during CPR, new method to detect cerebral blood

flow waveform in synchrony with chest compression by, 1504-1508

Neck, blunt trauma of, Thyroid rupture secondary to, 760.e3-760.e5 Neck infection, acute, in children, 906-909

Neck pain, mysterious, 466.e1-466.e2

Necrotizing fasciitis, in ED, emergency ultrasonography for early diagnosis of, 632.e5-632.e7

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, cervical, and Chlamydia trachomatis infections, in pregnant patients in ED, underrecognition of, 661-663

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, -induced massive coagulopathy, treated by recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin, 636.e1-636.e3

Neurologic damage, early, in acute ischemic stroke, torsade de pointes indicates, 1719.e5-1719.e7

Neurologic deterioration, prehospital, is independent predictor of outcome in traumatic brain injury, 1215-1219

Neuron-specific enolase, and S100B protein, in children with carbon monoxide poisoning, 524-528

Neuroprotective effects, of progesterone in spinal cord ischemia in rabbits, 581-584

Neuroretinitis, Bartonella henselae, central scotoma without prodromal illness caused by, 887.e1-887.e2

Newborn. see also Pediatrics

Nitrous oxide, toxicity, in technical and therapeutic aspects (letter), 406

Nogo receptor 1, changes in expression in hippocampus and cortex after CPR in rats, 353-359

Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) B-type natriuretic peptide and infarct size in (letter), 1618 ED administration of thienopyridines in, 1005-1011

N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)

admission testing in ED, for prognosis of patients with acute heart failure, predictive cutoff point of, 1191-1195

and heart failure, relation between (letter), 1533

should be used in all dyspneic patients in ED(letter), 1711

testing for long-term survival in ED patients with acute heart failure, determination of predictive cutoff value of, 1634-1637

Nursemaid’s elbow, childhood, comparison of success and pain levels of supination-flexion and hyperpronation maneuvers in, 1078-1081

Nursing home, transfers to ED, communication gaps in, 712-716

Obesity, and not-so-slim, diagnosing anterior Shoulder dislocation in (letter), 416

Observation unit, managed as closed vs open, effect on efficiency and cost- effectiveness when an, 1042-1046

Occipital lobe epilepsy

presenting as Charles Bonnet syndrome (letter), 624-625 presenting with Visual hallucinations (erratum), 1535

Occupational exposure, antabuse reaction due to (letter), 1286

Omega-3 fatty acids, therapeutic use in severe head trauma, 273.e5-273.e8 Ondansetron, use for nausea and vomiting after head injury and its effect on

return rates from pediatric ED, 166-172

One-and-a-half syndrome, in a less appreciated emergency in native valve infective endocarditis, 459.e1-459.e3

Operative care, after Haiti 2010 earthquake (letter), 429-431 Opioid

can cause apnea, oral pure tramadol exposure like other (letter), 410-411

-induced hyperalgesia, –worsening pain in opioid-dependent patients, 458.e5-458.e6

intoxication, suspected, use and efficacy of nebulized naloxone in patients with, 585-588

medication discharge packs from 2 urban EDs, multidisciplinary intervention decreases use of, 1343-1348

Opium

acute overdose, brain computed tomographic scan findings in patients with, 50-53

overdose, acute, brain computed tomographic scan findings in (letter), 879-881

Optic nerve sheath

diameter measurements, by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, correlation of, 1595-1597

to estimate intracranial pressure, use of sonographic diameter of, 236-239

Organophosphate intoxication, effectiveness of therapeutic plasma exchange in patients with intermediate syndrome due to, 953-957

organophosphorus pesticide poisoning severe acute

repeated pulse intramuscular injection of pralidoxime chloride in, 946-949

repeated pulse intramuscular injection of pralidoxime chloride in (letter), 1711-1712

Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, at the intersection of toxicology, psychiatry, and genetics, diagnosis of, 1420.e5-1420.e6

Orthodeoxia, and platypnea, in patient with pulmonary embolism, 760.e1-760.e2

Osborn wave, arrythmogenic potential of (letter), 424-426

Ottawa Knee Rules (OKR) and PDR, diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility of, 641-645

Outbreak, of leanness-enhancing agent-related food poisoning, late diagnosis of, 1501-1503

Outcomes

of cardiac arrest vs epinephrine in rat model, cytidine diphosphate choline improves the, 1022-1028

and characteristics, of injured patients presenting by private vehicle in state trauma system, 275-281

clinical, at upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients in emergency unit, comparison of risk scoring systems in prediction of, 94-99

between D- and L-lactate fluids, community-based comparison of trauma patient, 206-214

dismal, empty toe unique type of closed degloving injury with, 263.e1-263.e3 hospital, and emergency stroke care, in acute ischemic stroke, gender

differences in, 178-184 lethal, and trivial trauma of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting in

ED, 1293.e1-1293.e3

of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, fast emergency vehicle pre-emption system improved the, 1466-1471

of patients admitted for hanging injuries with decreased consciousness but without cardiac arrest, 1666-1670

of patients with colorectal cancers presenting to ED, 646-650 poor

in Acute atrial fibrillation, abnormal troponin level as short-term predictor of, 699-704

in patients presenting to the ED with short-duration atrial fibrillation, troponin rise and (letter), 1147-1150

resuscitated, in patients with cardiac arrest, initial MLAEP index helps to predict, 895-899

in traumatic brain injury, prehospital neurologic deterioration is independent predictor of, 1215-1219

unfavorable long-term, in older adults with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and anticoagulant or antiplatelet use, risk of, 1244-1247

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

in an emergency medical service system, implementation of mechanical chest compression in, 1196-1200

biphasic versus monophasic defibrillation in, 1472-1478

clinical utility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging after, 1293.e5-1293.e6

fast emergency vehicle pre-emption system improved the outcomes of, 1466-1471

with hypocalcaemia, undergoing therapeutic hypothermia, long QT interval in patient after, 1715.e1-1715.e3

prognostic values of blood ammonia and partial pressure of ammonia on hospital arrival in, 8-15

therapeutic hypothermia application vs standard support care in post resuscitated patients with, 319-325

who have kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities and laboratory findings in patients with, 487-493

Overdose

acute, of opium, brain computed tomographic scan findings in (letter), 879-881

of citalopram, intentional, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia after, 447.e5-447.e8

with diltiazem, lipid emulsion therapy in cardiodepressive syndrome after- case report, 1154.e3-1154.e4

of energy drink, death of a young man after, 1624.e3-1624.e4

of energy drinks and metabolic abnormalities–a double whammy! (letter), 984

of opium, acute, brain computed tomographic scan findings in patients with, 50-53

of salicylate, negative Anion gap metabolic acidosis in, 1536.e3-1536.e4 of tramadol, nonfatal, may cause false-positive phencyclidine on Emit-II

assay, 444.e5-444.e9

Overuse, of energy drinks (letter), 1713-1714

Oxygen, high-flow, a therapeutic bridge while awaiting thrombolysis in pulmonary embolism, 463.e1-463.e2

Pacemaker

dysfunction, hyperkalemia-induced (letter), 879

implant, and irreversible third-degree heart block in a case of flecainide toxicity, 1418.e1-1418.e2

Pain

levels of supination-flexion and hyperpronation maneuvers in childhood nursemaid’s elbow cases, comparison of success and, 1078-1081

musculoskeletal, in ED, ibuprofen vs acetaminophen vs their combination for relief of, 1357-1360

severe, effective analgesia with low-dose ketamine and reduced dose hydromorphone in ED patients with, 847-851

of thigh, isolated, in myocardial infarction, 998.e1-998.e2

worsen, in opioid-dependent patients, opioid-induced hyperalgesia, 458.e5-458.e6

Pain management in ED

emerging applications of low-dose ketamine for (letter), 416-419 patient anxiety may influence the efficacy of, 313-318

Pancreatitis acute

copeptin a predictive biomarker of severity in, 690-692 hypertriglyceridemia-induced, urgent apheresis combined with insulin

infusion in, 452.e1-452.e2

red cell distribution width a novel and simple predictor of mortality in (letter), 991-992

red cell distribution width as predictor of mortality in, 687-689 aortic dissection presenting with, 1153.e1-1153.e2

Panic, attacks and takotsubo syndrome (letter), 1146-1147

Panspinal abscess, epidural, concomitant with meningitis, 1155.e5-1155.e6 Paralysis

lower extremity, and abnormal electrocardiogram, two patients presenting with, 268.e1-268.e4

thyrotoxic periodic, presenting with ventricular storm, 443.e3-443.e7 Paramedian thalamic infarction, bilateral, diagnosed as a conversion disorder,

889.e1-889.e3

Paraquat poisoning, acute, prognostic value of initial arterial lactate level and metabolic clearance rate in patients with, 1230-1235

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

after hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 261.e5-261.e7

hyperbaric oxygen therapy or carbon monoxide poisoning, cause of (letter), 247

Patient transport

decreasing Door-to-balloon times via streamlined referral protocol for, 499-503

interhospital, of patient with severe ARDS, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for, 640.e1-640.e2

Pediatrics

with abdominal pain, an unexpected diagnosis of pseudolithiasis after recent use of ceftriaxone in, 1294.e5-1294.e6

acute neck infections in, 906-909

and algorithms for management in the ED and in young athletes, mild head injury in, 1133-1138

with carbon monoxide poisoning, neuron-specific enolase and S100B protein in, 524-528

clinically stable, admitted with first-time apparent life-threatening event, mortality after discharge in, 730-733

in Colorado’s Medicaid population, potential barriers associated with increased prevalence of perforated appendicitis in, 469-472

comparison of 2 cuff inflation methods before insertion of laryngeal mask airway for safe use without cuff manometer in, 346-352

critical care literature 2011, 593-596

with early sepsis, red cell distribution width predict mortality in (letter), 1150

in ED, use of ondansetron for nausea and vomiting after head injury and its effect on return rates from, 166-172

with fire ant envenomation, anaphylaxis and delayed hymenoptera in, 632.e1-632.e3

with headache at ED, triage of, 670-675

high-altitude group trekking activity, medical service for (letter), 1142-1144 hospital, factors associated with use of procedural sedation during incision

and drainage procedures at, 302-308 intensive care unit, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization is

not associated with higher rate of admission to, 727-729

with malfunctioning shunt, cerebral regional oxygen saturation monitoring in, 365-374

with mild to moderate dehydration, cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated, subcutaneous versus intravenous rehydration of, 928-934

patient with abdominal pain, novel biomarker panel to rule out acute appendicitis in, 1368-1375

performance characteristics of urinalyses for diagnosis of urinary tract infection of, 1405-1407

by prehospital EMS personnel, accuracy of weight estimates in, 1108-1112 randomized, controlled trial to evaluate Topical anesthetic for 15 minutes

before venipuncture in, 20-25 S100B protein level not an indicator of brain damage due to carbon monoxide

poisoning in (letter), 1531-1532

with simple and perforated appendicitis, different urinalysis appearances in, 1560-1563

with traumatic hemorrhagic shock, intraosseous blood transfusion in, 640.e3-640.e4

uncooperative, undergoing the repair of dental injury, deep sedation with sevoflurane insufflated via nasal cannula in, 894.e1-894.e3

Peer pressure, to change Disposition decisions and patient throughput by emergency physician, evaluation of effectiveness of, 535-539

Pelvic circumferential compression device (PCCD), benefit patients with pelvic fractures who need transfers, 1432-1436

Pelvic digit, anomaly, in a patient with multiple fractures, 1537.e1-1537.e2 Pelvic fracture

compression, anterior-posterior, increases probability of requirement of bilateral embolization, 42-49

who need transfers, pelvic circumferential compression devices benefit patients with, 1432-1436

pelvic trauma, external contention for, 442.e1-442.e3

Penile zipper injury, delayed, nonoperative treatment for (letter), 419-420 Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)

in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest, expanding the role of, 974-977 primary, impact of first contact on symptom onset-to-door time in patients

presenting for, 922-927

Percutaneous noncoronary interventions, during continuous mechanical chest compression with LUCAS-2 device, 456.e1-456.e3

Pericardiocentesis, ultrasound-guided, novel in-plane technique for, 1424.e5-1424.e9

Pericarditis, purulent, 10-month-old with Lemierre syndrome complicated by, 274.e5-274.e7

Periorbital edema, simple tool for exposure of eye in patients with (letter), 1417 Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, in skeletal muscle, rhabdomyolysis caused by,

1537.e3-1537.e5

Peripheral vein, cannulation, ultrasound-guided, long catheters vs standard- length in (letter), 252-254

peritonsillar abscess

identification by transcutaneous cervical ultrasound, 267.e1-267.e3 Squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil masquerading as a, 1002.e3-1002.e4 pH, differentiation of exudate from transudate ascites based on dipstick

values of, 779-782

Phencyclidine, false-positive, on Emit-II assay, nonfatal tramadol overdose may cause, 444.e5-444.e9

Physical-chemical approach

correct diagnosis of a patient presenting with metabolic acidosis despite severe vomiting using (erratum), 1535

in a patient presenting with metabolic acidosis despite severe vomiting– correct diagnosis by use of the, 995.e1-995.e2

Physical examination, combined with focused assessment sonography, to clear hemodynamically stable blunt abdominal trauma patients (letter), 1527-1528

Physical fatigue, caused by a water rescue on quality CPR, effect of, 473-477 Physicians

assistants in EM at a major urban academic medical center, implementing postgraduate training for (letter), 983-994

and patient experience, in ED, low-dose ketamine analgesia in, 390-394 Pickering syndrome, flash pulmonary edema and renal artery stenosis in,

454.e1-454.e4

Pittsburgh Decision Rules (PDR), and OKR, diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility of, 641-645

Plasma volume expanders, new-generation, improving cardiac function with, 54-63

Plasmodium vivax, infection, severe sepsis and septic shock due to, 761.e1-761.e2

Platypnea, and orthodeoxia in patient with pulmonary embolism, 760.e1-760.e2

Pleural effusion, in blunt trauma patients, ability of new pocket echoscopic device to detect (letter), 437-439

Pneumomediastinum, spontaneous, sonographic evidence of, 462.e3-462.e4 Pneumonia

community-acquired

endogenous carboxyhemoglobin concentrations in assessment of severity in patients with, 520-523

proadrenomedullin useful tool for risk stratification in high pneumonia severity index score, 215-221

red cell distribution width as prognostic marker in patients with, 72-79 community-acquired bacterial, emergency management of, 602-612

in ED patients, high discordance of chest x-ray and CT for detection of, 401-405

eosinophilic, EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia complicated by, 1157.e5-1157.e7

inflammatory indicators should be kept in mind when assessing red cell distribution width in patients with (letter), 1144-1145

Pneumonia Severity Index score, high, community-acquired pneumonia, proadrenomedullin useful tool for, 215-221

Pneumothorax, and lung injury, after defibrillation as demonstrated with computed tomography, 1003.e1-1003.e3

Pocket echoscopic device, new, ability to detect abdominal and pleural effusion in blunt trauma patients (letter), 437-439

Pocket mobile smartphone system, for point-of-care submandibular ultrasonography, 573-577

Point-of-care

echocardiogram in the rapid diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, utility of (letter), 1280-1282

i-STAT device, for cardiac troponin I assay, assessment of using fingerstick blood sample with, 1236-1239

submandibular ultrasonography, pocket mobile smartphone system for, 573-577

testing in ED triage, utility of, 291-296

ultrasound diagnosis and treatment of posterior shoulder dislocation, 449.e3-449.e5

ultrasound to diagnose long bone fractures in ED, accuracy of, 1352-1356 urine human chorionic gonadotropin test, inappropriate use of qualitative

(letter), 992-993

Poisoning

with carbon monoxide

acute, heart-type fatty acid-binding protein as potential biomarker of, 1165-1169

neuron-specific enolase and S100B protein in children with, 524-528 new marker for myocardial injury in, 1651-1655

or hyperbaric oxygen therapy, cause of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (letter), 247

S100B protein level not an indicator of brain damage due to (letter), 1531-1532

with digoxin, toxicology literature of 2011, 597-601

with food, leanness-enhancing agent-related, late diagnosis of an outbreak of, 1501-1503

methanol, from methyl acetate-containing products, examining the risk of, 964-966

with organophosphorus pesticide poisoning severe acute, repeated pulse intramuscular injection of pralidoxime chloride

in, 946-949

severe acute, repeated pulse intramuscular injection of pralidoxime chloride in (letter), 1711-1712

with sarin analogue diisopropylflurophosphate, naltrexone prevents delayed encephalopathy in rats, 676-679

with tricyclic antidepressant, cerebellitis developing after, 1419.e3-1419.e5

wtih paraquat, acute, prognostic value of initial arterial lactate level and metabolic clearance rate in patients with, 1230-1235

Polymyxin B, column or intraaortic balloon pumping use for severe septic cardiomyopathy, endotoxin adsorption by, 893.e1-893.e3

Pontine abscess, solitary, in a patient with dental caries, complete resolution of, 892.e3-892.e4

Porphyric attack, acute, with cold sweating and low blood pressure, 631.e5-631.e6

Postcolonoscopy, abdominal pain, unusual cause of, 273.e1-273.e4 posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, unique presentation of,

1423.e3-1423.e4

Postgraduate training, for physician assistants in EM at a major urban academic medical center, implementation of (letter), 983-994

Postresuscitation

and CPR, molecular and cellular effects of cardiac mechanotransduction during (letter), 250-252

myocardial dysfunction after asphyxial cardiac arrest, 1690-1696; (editorial), 1697-1698

out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, therapeutic hypothermia application vs standard support care in, 319-325

Pralidoxime chloride

in severe acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning repeated pulse intramuscular injection of, 946-949

repeated pulse intramuscular injection of (letter), 1711-1712 Prasugrel

and clopidogrel

predictors of bleeding in acute coronary syndromes with (letter), 1287 predictors of myocardial infarction after acute coronary syndrome with

(letter), 1287-1288

Precordial leads, anterior, Wellens’ syndrome and clinical significance of T-wave inversion in (letter), 439-440

Predicting the hyperglycemic crisis death (PHD) score, new decision rule for emergency and critical care, 830-834

preendoscopic Rockall score (PRS), GBS with, and CRS, in upper gastrointestinal bleeding, prospective comparison of, 775-778

Preexcitation syndrome, with myocardial infarction complicated by atrioventricular block in both normal and accessory pathways, 1621.e5-1621.e7

Pregnancy

ectopic, in the ED, correlation of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin with ultrasound diagnosis of (letter), 876-877

in ED patients, underrecognition of cervical Neisseria gonorrhoeae and

Chlamydia trachomatis infections in, 661-663 systemic thrombolysis for stroke in, 448.e1-448.e3

Pregnancy failure, early, manual vacuum aspiration in ED for management of (letter), 244-247

Pregnancy test, urine, in austere military medical environment, diagnosis of testicular cancer with (letter), 1615

Prehospital, thrombolysis expansion may raise rate of its inappropriate administration in acute STEMI induced by aortic dissection (letter), 628-629

Prehospital care

Decision support system in, 145-153

echocardiography, value in shock management, 442.e5-442.e7

effect of nebulized naloxone on suspected heroin-induced bronchospasm, 717-718

of stroke diagnosis and treatment in ambulances and helicopters, 743-747 Prehospital field, triage, blood glucose levels as adjunct for, 556-561 Prehospital setting, multijurisdictional experience with EZ-IO intraosseous

device in (letter), 1712-1713

Prehospital treatment, of methadone intoxication, early antidote use associated with noninvasive ventilation in, 448.e5-448.e6

Primary care, to ED and hospitalizations, quick diagnosis units can avoid referrals from, 114-123

Prinzmetal’s angina, variant, Bradyarrhythmic syncope in a patient with, a case report, 996.e1-996.e4

Private vehicle, in state trauma system, characteristics and outcomes of injured patients presenting by, 275-281

Proadrenomedullin, useful tool for risk stratification in high Pneumonia Severity Index score community-acquired pneumonia, 215-221

Procalcitonin

in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, role of, 935-941

level, value in community-acquired pneumonia in ED (letter), 428-429

for predicting bacteremia (letter), 748

in septic patients, evaluation of the MEDS score combined with, 1086-1091

serum level for prediction of severity in women with acute pyelonephritis in the ED, 1092-1097

Productivity, analysis of electronic medical records in a community hospital ED, 1591-1594

Progesterone, in spinal cord ischemia in rabbits, neuroprotective effects of, 581-584

Propafenone, -induced cardiac arrest, 457.e5-457.e7 Proptosis, unilateral, nontraumatic, 465.e3-465.e4 Prostatism, and May-Thurner syndrome, 445.e1-445.e2

Protein, differentiation of exudate from transudate ascites based on dipstick values of, 779-782

Pseudoaneurysm, middlE colic artery, rupture of, 454.e5-454.e7 Pseudolithiasis, an unexpected diagnosis in a child with abdominal pain after

recent use of ceftriaxone, 1294.e5-1294.e6

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, necrotizing soft tissue infection with gas formation caused by Vibrio vulnificus and misdiagnosed as,

464.e5-464.e8

Pseudothrombocytopenia, EDTA-dependent, complicated by eosinophilic pneumonia, 1157.e5-1157.e7

Psoralen plus ultraviolet light therapy (PUVA), acute myocardial infarction following, 1423.e1-1423.e2

Psychiatry, toxicology, and genetics, diagnosis of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency at the intersection of, 1420.e5-1420.e6

Pulmonary artery, extension mimics pulmonary embolism, aortic intramural hematoma with, 1538.e3-1538.e4

Pulmonary edema, flash, and renal artery stenosis, in Pickering syndrome, 454.e1-454.e4

Pulmonary embolism

acute, red flag in Bedside echocardiography for, 719-721

aortic intramural hematoma with pulmonary artery extension mimics, 1538.e3-1538.e4

as cause of seizure (letter), 1525-1527

clinical features of patients inappropriately undiagnosed of, 1646-1650 decreasing D-dimer after recent negative CT pulmonary angiogram does not

rule out, 996.e5-996.e6

fulminant, presumed, during cardiac arrest, successful resuscitation with thrombolysis of, 453.e1-453.e3

High-flow oxygen a therapeutic bridge while awaiting thrombolysis in, 463.e1-463.e2

importance of meta-analysis of long-term trials of low-molecular-weight heparin vs vitamin K antagonist in (letter), 627-628

magnitude of D-dimer matters for diagnosis of, 942-945 massive

arterial to end-tidal CO2 pressure gradient a bedside parameter to monitor patients with, 639.e1-639.e3

new electrocardiogram finding for, 456.e5-456.e8

spontaneous hemothorax following thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapy for, 999.e1-999.e3

with ST elevation in lead aVR, and ST depression in leads I and V4 to V6, new electrocardiogram finding for (letter), 873

submassive, in tertiary care center, experience with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in(letter), 1616-1617

platypnea and orthodeoxia in patient with, 760.e1-760.e2 Pulmonary hemorrhage, and acute pulmonary thromboembolism, after

abciximab administration, 450.e1-450.e2 Pulmonary laceration, secondary to Traumatic soccer injury,

a case report and review of the literature, 1625.e1-1625.e2 Pulmonary thromboembolism

acute, and pulmonary hemorrhage, after abciximab administration, 450.e1-450.e2

optimal initial anticoagulant therapy in (letter), 407-409 Pulseless electrical activity , after myocardial infarction

not caused by left ventricular free wall rupture, 267.e5-267.e7

Putamen hemorrhage, occurred simultaneously with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection, a case report, 995.e3-995.e4

Pyelonephritis acute

in the ED, serum procalcitonin level for prediction of severity in women with, 1092-1097

to indicate hospital admission from the ED, risk stratification model of, 1067-1072

Pyogenic liver absces, MEDS score as a prognostic indicator in patients with, 916-921

QT, and Tpeak-Tend calculations may assist emergency physicians risk stratify patients for arrhythmia, manual corrected (letter), 1411-1412

QT interval, prolonged, electrocardiographic implications of, 866-871

QT prolongation, dangerous drug combination of levosulpiride and citalopram for, 1624.e1-1624.e2

Quick diagnosis units, can avoid referrals from primary care to ED and hospitalizations, 114-123

Race, and disease on sickle cell, impact in patient wait times in ED, 651-656 Radial Arterial puncture, ultrasound guidance for, 810-815

Radiography

and bedside ultrasound, for bone fracture screening in Multiple trauma patients at ED, comparing diagnostic accuracy of, 1583-1585

ultrasound-assisted triage of ankle trauma can decrease the need for, 1686-1689

Ramipril, and hydrochlorothiazide treatment of hypertensive urgency in ED (letter), 1533-1534

Rapid Emergency Medicine Score (REMS), as a main predictor of mortality in

Vibrio vulnificus-related patients, 1037-1041

Rash, multidermatomal, in an immunocompetent patient, herpes zoster meningitis with, 1622.e1-1622.e2

Reactive arthritis, a case of, 266.e5-266.e7

Recombinant human hyaluronidase, subcutaneous versus intravenous, in rehydration of children with mild to moderate dehydration, cost-effectiveness of, 928-934

Red Cell Distribution Width

is a predictor of mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock (letter), 989-990

a novel and simple predictor of mortality in acute pancreatitis (letter), 991-992

in patients with pneumonia, inflammatory indicators should be kept in mind when assessing (letter), 1144-1145

predict mortality in newborns with early sepsis (letter), 1150 as predictor of mortality in acute pancreatitis, 687-689

a prognostic factor in severe sepsis and septic shock, 545-548

as prognostic marker in patients with community-acquired pneumonia, 72-79

Reference formatting, “relaxed,” a digital dividend for authors (editorial), 872 Referrals, from primary care to ED and hospitalizations, quick diagnosis units

can avoid, 114-123 Referral system, unique, improving specialty care follow-up after ED visit using,

1495-1500

Refractory anaphylaxis without hypotension

methylene blue for treatment of, 264.e3-264.e5 methylene blue for treatment of (letter), 753

Refractory ventricular fibrillation, treated with resuscitation using extracorpo real membrane oxygenation, cardiac arrest with,

264.e1-264.e2

Rehydration, of children with mild to moderate dehydration, cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous versus intravenous, 928-934

Renal artery stenosis, and flash pulmonary edema, in Pickering syndrome, 454.e1-454.e4

Renal cell carcinoma, unique presentation of upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding in, 1622.e3-1622.e4

Renal failure acute

caused by rhabdomyolysis in ED, clinical factors in predicting, 1062-1066 fatal dabigatran toxicity secondary to, 462.e1-462.e2

secondary to suicidal behavior (letter), 1283-1284

Renal infarction, secondary to Ketamine abuse, 1153.e3-1153.e5 Renal insufficiency

acute, and gastric outlet obstruction, profound alkalemia secondary to, 444.e1-444.e3

moderate, life-threatening hypocalcemia associated with denosumab in patient with, 756.e1-756.e2

renal pelvis, Spontaneous rupture of, 762.e1-762.e3

Renal replacement therapy, continuous, good neurologic recovery after cardiac arrest using hypothermia through, 1720.e1-1720.e3

Renal trauma, blunt, Real-time 3-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound in detecting hemorrhage of, 1427-1431

Residents, emergency, interrater reliability of ultrasound imaging of inferior vena cava performed by, 1509-1511

Resource utilization, and national ED visits, by uninsured, magnitude of, 722-726

Respiratory infection, in patients during influenza season, cytokine markers as predictors of type of, 816-821

Rest myocardial perfusion imaging, a valuable tool in ED, 1681-1685 Resuscitation

by bedside ultrasonography, confirmation of endotracheal tube position during (letter), 248-250

from cardiac arrest, expanding the role of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients, 974-977

damage control, management of postpartum hemorrhagic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation with, 1291.e1-1291.e2

Defibrillator charging before rhythm analysis significantly reduces hands-off time during, 395-400

delay effort, and ED crowding, association between, 509-515 outcomes in patients with cardiac arrest, initial MLAEP index helps to predict,

895-899

prolonged, from cardiac arrest due to diabetic ketoacidosis using extracorporeal life support, survival after, 892.e1-892.e2

successful

of prolonged cardiac arrest with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 1627.e5-1627.e6

with thrombolysis of presumed fulminant pulmonary embolism during cardiac arrest, 453.e1-453.e3

using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, cardiac arrest with refractory ventricular fibrillation treated with, 264.e1-264.e2

ventricular fibrillation caused by coronary artery spasm during mild therapeutic hypothermia after, 453.e5-453.e8

Resuscitative agent, small volume, in severely hemorrhaged rats, efficacy of centhaquin as, 1315-1321

Retinal detachment, acute, simultaneous, bilateral rhegmatogenous, diagnosed with bedside emergency ultrasound, 466.e3-466.e5

Retroperitoneal hematoma, after manual reduction of Indirect inguinal hernia, 1151.e1-1151.e2

Rhabdomyolysis

caused by peripheral T-cell lymphoma in skeletal muscle, 1537.e3-1537.e5 demyelination, and laminar cortical necrosis, associated with hypernatremia

in patient with, 269.e3-269.

in ED, clinical factors in predicting acute renal failure caused by, 1062-1066 Right atrium, and sinus node arteries, in patient with atypical chest pain,

uncommon double fistula between, 450.e3-450.e4 Right ventricular diameter, and inferior vena cava, role in assessment of volume

status in ultrasound and hypovolemia, 763-767

Right ventricular function, D-dimer and sPESI in relation to, 482-486

Rings, trapped, on fingers with proposed new algorithm, review of techniques for removal of, 1605-1611

Risk factors

for antimicrobial resistance in ED, discordance between patient report and chart review of, 1397-1401

for ED use among homeless veterans, 855-858 and risk scores vs cardiac computed tomography angiography for triage of ED

patients with acute chest pain, 1479-1485

Risk scores

in predicting clinical outcome at upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients in emergency unit, comparison of, 94-99

and risk factors vs cardiac computed tomography angiography for triage of ED patients with acute chest pain, 1479-1485

for upper GI bleeding, appropriate outcome periods for assessing (letter), 985-986

Risk stratification

in high Pneumonia Severity Index score community-acquired pneumonia, proadrenomedullin useful tool for, 215-221

model of acute pyelonephritis to indicate hospital admission from ED, 1067-1072

of patients for arrhythmia, manual corrected QT and Tpeak-Tend calculations may assist emergency physicians on (letter), 1411-1412

tool for chest pain patients admitted to ED observation unit, prospective evaluation of the use of TIMI score as, 185-189

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, jejunojejunal intussusception after, 452.e3-452.e5 Rupture, splenic , complicated, in Infectious mononucleosis, nonsurgical

management of, 1152.e5-1152.e6

Salicylate, overdose, negative anion gap metabolic acidosis in, 1536.e3-1536.e4 S100B protein

level not an indicator of brain damage, due to carbon monoxide poisoning in children (letter), 1531-1532

and neuron-specific enolase, in children with carbon monoxide poisoning, 524-528

Scotoma, central, without prodromal illness caused by Bartonella henselae

neuroretinitis, 887.e1-887.e2

Sedation

deep, with sevoflurane insufflated via nasal cannula in uncooperative child undergoing the repair of dental injury, 894.e1-894.e3

estimates in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation in US EDs, 222-226

etomidate procedural, in the ED, a descriptive study of myoclonus associated with, 852-854

parenteral, of elderly patients with acute behavioral disturbance in the ED, 970-973

procedural, during Incision and drainage procedures at children’s hospital, factors associated with use of, 302-308

Sedatives, combination, intravenous, in ED, safety and efficacy of, 1402-1404 Seizure

epileptic

idiopathic, hyperammonemia in, 1486-1489

and ischemic stroke, energy drinks cause, 274.e1-274.e4

non-convulsive, and other electroencephalographic abnormalities in ED patients with altered mental status, prevalence of, 1578-1582

pulmonary embolism as cause of (letter), 1525-1527 Selenium, supplementation for sepsis, 1170-1175 Sepsis

early, red cell distribution width predict mortality in newborns with, 1150 fatal, caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus of

Staphylococcus protein A type t044, Lemierre’s syndrome presenting to ED with, 268.e5-268.e7

hypothermia-mediated protection, role of autonomic nervous system function in, 375-380

interleukin-6 at discharge predicts all-cause mortality in patients with, 1361-1364

patients, evaluation of the MEDS score combined with procalcitonin in, 1086-1091

patients in ED, prognostic value of adrenomedullin in, 1017-1021 selenium supplementation for, 1170-1175

severe

and lung injury, simplified ultrasound-based edema score to assess in clinical patients with, 1656-1660

and septic shock, due to Plasmodium vivax infection, 761.e1-761.e2 and septic shock, red cell distribution width a prognostic factor in,

545-548

and septic shock, red cell distribution width is a predictor of mortality in patients with (letter), 989-990

suspected, end-tidal carbon dioxide is associated with mortality and lactate in patients with, 64-71

therapeutic hypothermia in (editorial), 381-382 Septic arthritis

Haemophilus influenzae serotype f as a rare cause of, 1156.e5-1156.e6 spontaneous, in a patient without trauma, coinfection, or

immunosuppression, 1623.e3-1623.e4

Septic cardiomyopathy, severe, endotoxin adsorption by polymyxin B column or intraaortic balloon pumping use for, 893.e1-893.e3

Septic shock

antibiotics for, 680-683

disulfiram ethanol reaction mimicking, 270.e1-270.e3 and severe sepsis

due to Plasmodium vivax infection, 761.e1-761.e2

red cell distribution width a prognostic factor in, 545-548

red cell distribution width is a predictor of mortality in patients with (letter), 989-990

Serotype f, Haemophilus influenzae, as a rare cause of septic arthritis, 1156.e5-1156.e6

Sevoflurane, insufflated via nasal cannula in uncooperative child undergoing the repair of dental injury, deep sedation with,

894.e1-894.e3

Sex, and age -specific normal values for shock index in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2008 for ages 8 years and older, 838-842

Shenfu, on inflammatory cytokine release and brain edema after prolonged cardiac arrest in swine, effect of, 1159-1164

Shock

anaphylactic

cardiogenic, and septic, disulfiram ethanol reaction mimicking, 270.e1-270.e3

due to kiwi fruit (letter), 626

cardiac, and acute stroke, rescue thrombolysis in the treatment of, 891.e1-891.e3

hemorrhagic

median arcuate ligament syndrome presenting as, 1152.e1-1152.e4 postpartum, and disseminated intravascular coagulation with damage

control resuscitation, management of, 1291.e1-1291.e2

taumatic, intraosseous blood transfusion in infants with, 640.e3-640.e4 hemorrhagic ascites, and severe anemia, endometriosis presenting with,

272.e1-272.e3

Shock index

in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2008 for ages 8 years and older, age- and sex-specific normal values for,

838-842

to the prediction of need for hemostasis intervention, application of, 1260-1263

Shock management, value of prehospital echocardiography in, 442.e5-442.e7 Shoulder dislocation

anterior, in not-so-slim and obese, diagnosis of (letter), 416 posterior, point-of-care ultrasound diagnosis and treatment of,

449.e3-449.e5

Sickle cell disease, and race, impact in patient wait times in ED, 651-656 Sickle cell trait, splenic infarction at High altitude secondary to, 446.e1-446.e3 Sildenafil, and acute coronary syndrome, relationship between,

1424.e1-1424.e3

Simplied pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI), and D-dimer, index in relation to right ventricular function, 482-486

Simplified lung edema scoring system (SLESS), to assess lung injury and clinical severity in septic patients, 1656-1660

Simulated airways, easy and difficult, comparison of 3 video laryngoscopes with Macintosh in manikin with, 330-338

Sinus node artery, and right atrium, in patient with atypical chest pain, uncommon double fistula between, 450.e3-450.e4

Skeletal muscle, rhabdomyolysis caused by peripheral T-cell lymphoma in, 1537.e3-1537.e5

small bowel intramural hematoma, secondary to abdominal massage, 758.e3-758.e4

Small bowel obstruction

intestinal anisakiasis as rare cause of, 1422.e1-1422.e2 wandering spleen presenting as (letter), 984-985

Snake bite, and brain death, –cause for caution (letter), 625-626

Soccer injury, traumatic, pulmonary laceration secondary to, a case report and review of the literature, 1625.e1-1625.e2

social media, leveraging, for cross border collaboration in life-saving rescue operations (letter), 1618-1619

Sodium bicarbonate

effects during prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 562-565 efficacy of Urine alkalinization by oral administration of, 1703-1706

Sodium valproate, vs sumatriptan and metoclopramide, for prolonged migraine headache, randomized open-label study of, 540-544

Softball injury, treated in US EDs, 1994 to 2010, 900-905

Soft tissue infection, necrotizing, with gas formation caused by Vibrio vulnificus

and misdiagnosed as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 464.e5-464.e8

Sonography

evidence of spontaneous pneumomediastinum, 462.e3-462.e4

of optic nerve sheath diameter, to estimate intracranial pressure, 236-239 Spinal cord ischemia, in rabbits, neuroprotective effects of progesterone in,

581-584

Splenic infarction, at high altitude secondary to sickle cell trait, 446.e1-446.e3 Splenic rupture, complicated, in infectious mononucleosis, nonsurgical

management of, 1152.e5-1152.e6

Squamous cell carcinoma, of the tonsil masquerading as a peritonsillar abscess, 1002.e3-1002.e4

Standard support care, vs therapeutic hypothermia application, in post resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, 319-325

Staphylococcus protein A, type t044, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus of, Lemierre’s syndrome presenting to ED with rapidly fatal sepsis caused by, 268.e5-268.e7

State trauma system, characteristics and outcomes of injured patients presenting by private vehicle in, 275-281

Status migrainosus, vertebral artery dissection mimicking, 1721.e3-1721.e5 ST depression, in leads I and V4 to V6, and ST elevation in lead aVR, new

electrocardiogram finding for massive pulmonary embolism (letter), 873

ST elevation

and complex coronary lesions, relationship between high-sensitive troponin T levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome with (letter), 1145-1146

in lead aVR, and ST depression in leads I and V4 to V6, new electrocardiogram

finding for massive pulmonary embolism (letter), 873

Stem cell transplantation, autologous, graft-versus-host disease in (letter), 748-749

Sternal fracture

after cardioversion (letter), 1532

isolated, treated on an outpatient basis, 227-230

Sternoclavicular dislocation, posterior, X-ray-negative, after minor trauma, 260.e3-260.e5

Sternum, anatomical structures underneath, in healthy adults and implications for chest compressions, 549-555

Sternum fracture

and dyslipidemia, 997.e3-997.e5

isolated, with no direct trauma, 631.e1-631.e3

Storz CMAC(R), evaluation in simulated difficult airway, 589-592

Stove-related injury, treated in EDs in the United States, 1990-2010, 1571-1577 Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, presenting in ED, trivial trauma and lethal

outcome of, 1293.e1-1293.e3

Stress, -induced transient midventricular ballooning, a new variant of broken heart syndromes, 447.e1-447.e3

Stroke

acute

and cardiac shock, rescue thrombolysis in the treatment of, 891.e1-891.e3 factors associated with use of emergency medical services in patients

with, 788-791

computed tomographic and magnetic resonance abnormalities of basal ganglion secondary to nonketotic hyperglycemia in a patient with, 1292.e3-1292.e4

posterior, in ED, locked-in syndrome of, 1294.e1-1294.e3 in pregnancy, systemic thrombolysis for, 448.e1-448.e3

prehospital, diagnosis and treatment in ambulances and helicopters, 743-747 in young adult, isolated basilar artery dissection a rare cause of,

1422.e3-1422.e5

ST-segment elevation

myocardial infarction, false-positive, in ED, characteristics and prognosis in patients with, 825-829

we cautious enough (letter), 628

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction acute

after IM epinephrine for anaphylactic shock, a case of, 1157.e1-1157.e3 induced by aortic dissection, prehospital thrombolysis expansion may

raise rate of its inappropriate administration in (letter), 628-629 B-type natriuretic peptide and infarct size in (letter), 1619

obstructive, fulminant myocarditis complicated with, 635.e1-635.e3 patients by emergency medicine services, an algorithm for identification of,

1098-1102

Subclavian artery dissection, after compression trauma, successful endovascular treatment of, 457.e1-457.e3

Subconjunctival hemorrhage, in patient on dabigatran (Pradaxa), 455.e3-455.e5

Subcutaneous administration, versus intravenous, in rehydration of children with mild to moderate dehydration, cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated, 928-934

Subdural hematoma, subacute, in ED, mimics of, 634.e1-634.e3 Subglottic lesions, rare, misdiagnosed, with bronchial asthma as initial

symptom, 1295.e1-1295.e4

Suicidal behavior, acute renal failure secondary to (letter), 1283-1284 Sumatriptan, and metoclopramide, vs sodium valproate, or prolonged migraine

headache, randomized open-label study of, 540-544

Supination-flexion, and hyperpronation maneuvers, in childhood nursemaid’s elbow cases, comparison of success and pain levels of,

1078-1081

Supportive care, and intravenous corticosteroids, severe leptospirosis treatment with, 449.e1-449.e2

Supraventricular tachycardia, resistant, Bezold-Jarisch reflex complication after treatment for, 1425.e3-1425.e4

Survival

early diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia is key to, 1290.e1-1290.e2 after in-hospital cardiac arrest in Hong Kong, factors associated with (letter),

883-885

after prolonged resuscitation from cardiac arrest due to diabetic ketoacidosis using extracorporeal life support, 892.e1-892.e2

Susceptibility-weighted imaging, in patient with consciousness disturbance after traffic accident, 261.e1-261.e3

Swimming injuries, treated in US EDs, 803-809

Symptom onset-to-door time (SODT), in patients presenting for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, impact of first contact on, 922-927

Syncope

bradyarrhythmic, in a patient with Prinzmetal’s variant angina, a case report, 996.e1-996.e4

in Brugada syndrome type 3 on electrocardiographic findings (letter), 621-622

Synthetic drugs, new trend and hidden danger (letter), 1413-1415, 1714-1715 System 1, diagnostic reasoning for prediction of disposition and acuity in

patients presenting to academic ED, accuracy of, 1448-1452 Tachycardia, ventricular, monomorphic, after intentional citalopram overdose,

447.e5-447.e8

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

aortic dissection can cause (letter), 1614-1615 catecholamine-induced, reversible cardiogenic shock due to,

1621.e1-1621.e3

a catecholaminergic effect of immune system after anti-influenza vaccination, 1627.e1-1627.e4

a hidden enemy of hypovolemic patient, 262.e5-262.e7 mid ventricle variant and cardiac arrest, 890.e1-890.e2 refractory hypotension in (letter), 1619-1620

and torsade de pointes, in myasthenic crisis (letter), 1710-1711 troponin elevation in aortic dissection patients may be due to (letter),

749-750

Takotsubo syndrome

and chest pain units (letter), 1415-1416 and panic attacks (letter), 1146-1147

and thrombocytopenia, association between (letter), 630

Tattoo, decorative, painful, pigmented lymphadenopathy secondary to, 1001.e1-1001.e2

Tertiary care center

experience with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in massive and submassive pulmonary embolism in (letter), 1616-1617

incidence of retained guidewires after central venous catheterization in (letter), 1528-1530

Testicular cancer, with urine pregnancy test in austere military medical environment, diagnosis of (letter), 1615

Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), in patients with intermediate syndrome due to organophosphate intoxication, effectiveness of, 953-957

thiamine deficiency, an unlikely culprit–the many guises of, 635.e5-635.e6 Thienopyridine, in NSTEMI, ED administration of, 1005-1011

Thigh, pain of, isolated, in myocardial infarction, 998.e1-998.e2 Thrombectomy, mechanical, in patient with cerebral ischemia and dural AV

fistula, successful IV thrombolysis followed by, 637.e1-637.e2 Thrombocytopenia, and takotsubo syndrome, association between (letter), 630 Thrombocytopenic fever, and acute kidney injury, –consider the infrequent

causes, 441.e5-441.e9 Thrombolysis

intravenous

for acute ischemic stroke in 3- to 4.5-hour window, community implementation of, 1707-1709

endovascular treatment of early recurrent ischemic stroke following, 639.e5-639.e7

successful, followed by mechanical thrombectomy in patient with cerebral ischemia and dural AV fistula, 637.e1-637.e2

prehospital, expansion may raise rate of its inappropriate administration in acute STEMI induced by aortic dissection (letter), 628-629

of presumed fulminant pulmonary embolism during cardiac arrest, successful resuscitation with, 453.e1-453.e3

in pulmonary embolism, high-flow oxygen a therapeutic bridge while awaiting, 463.e1-463.e2

rescue, in the treatment of cardiac shock and acute stroke, 891.e1-891.e3 systemic, for stroke in pregnancy, 448.e1-448.e3

Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction score, as risk stratification tool for chest pain patients admitted to ED observation unit, prospective evaluation of, 185-189

Thrombolytic therapy

for acute ischemic stroke

identification of painless aortic dissection before, 762.e5-762.e6 predictive value of CPSS for identifying candidates for, 1699-1702

and anticoagulant for massive pulmonary embolism, spontaneous hemothorax following, 999.e1-999.e3

Thrombomodulin, recombinant human soluble, neuroleptic malignant syndrome-induced massive coagulopathy treated by, 636.e1-636.e3

Thrombophlebitis, of facial vein, atypical Lemierre syndrome, 460.e1-460.e3 Thrombosis

cerebral venous, as an initial manifestation of primary antiphospholipid syndrome, 888.e1-888.e3

diffuse, secondary to Behcet’s disease, 1723.e1-1723.e2

simultaneous, of 2 vascular territories (letter), 1412

Thyroid rupture, secondary to blunt Neck trauma, 760.e3-760.e5 Thyroid storm, and Arrhythmic storm, 1418.e3-1418.e5 Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis, presenting with ventricular storm,

443.e3-443.e7

Tibial nerve compression, aneurysmal, detected in ED, an unusual case of, 1155.e1-1155.e3

Tonsil, squamous cell carcinoma of the, masquerading as a peritonsillar abscess, 1002.e3-1002.e4

Topiramate, Fatal heat stroke associated with, 1720.e5-1720.e6 Torsade de pointes

indicates early neurologic damage in acute ischemic stroke, 1719.e5-1719.e7 and takotsubo cardiomyopathy, in myasthenic crisis (letter), 1717-1719

Tournique, use during the Baghdad surge, performance improvement in emergency (letter), 873-875

Toxicology, psychiatry, and genetics, diagnosis of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency at the intersection of, 1420.e5-1420.e6

Tracheal intubation, assisted head extension minimizes frequency of dental contact with laryngoscopic blade during, 1629-1633

Tramadol

-induced apnea, 26-31

oral, -induced apnea, real incidence of (letter), 409-410

oral pure, exposure like other opioids can cause apnea (letter), 410-411 overdose, nonfatal, may cause false-positive phencyclidine on Emit-II assay,

444.e5-444.e9

Tranexamic acid, topical, new and rapid method for epistaxis treatment using injectable form of, 1389-1392

Transabdominal decompression, of extrapericardial tamponade due to intestinal obstruction, 441.e1-441.e3

Transcutaneous cervical ultrasound, identification of peritonsillar abscess by, 267.e1-267.e3

transfusion-related acute lung injury , rare cause of dyspnea in emergency medicine, 1626.e1-1626.e2

Transient global amnesia, bilateral hippocampal abnormalities in MRI in, 755.e1-755.e3

Transient ischemic attacks

have increased since 2000, admission rates of ED patients with, 1349-1351 in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, 757.e1-757.e2

in United States, rates and factors associated with admission in patients presenting to ED with, 516-519

Transient midventricular ballooning, stress-induced, a new variant of broken heart syndromes, 447.e1-447.e3

Trauma

and alcohol, –in every age group, 705-709 blunt

abdominal, hemodynamically stable, physical examination combined with focused assessment sonography to clear patients with (letter), 1527-1528

ability of new pocket echoscopic device to detect abdominal and pleural effusion in patients with (letter), 437-439

chest, pig model for, 1220-1225

clinical significance of chest CT when the chest x-ray result is normal in patients with, 1268-1273

neck, thyroid rupture secondary to, 760.e3-760.e5

patients improves prediction of massive transfusion, hemoperitoneum semiquantitative analysis on admission of, 130-136

renal, real-time 3-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound in detecting hemorrhage of, 1427-1431

coinfection, or immunosuppression, spontaneous septic arthritis in a patient without, 1623.e3-1623.e4

compression, successful endovascular treatment of subclavian artery dissection after, 457.e1-457.e3

critical care literature 2011, 593-596

in ED led by internists, airway management of adult patients without, 1338-1342

emergency cricothyroidotomies for (letter), 990-991

foot and ankle, the accuracy of ultrasound evaluation in, 1551-1555 head, severe, therapeutic use of omega-3 fatty acids in, 273.e5-273.e8

lens dislocation, and vitreous hemorrhage, bedside ultrasound in diagnosis of, 1002.e1-1002.e2

low-impact, causing acute compartment syndrome of the lower extremities, 890.e3-890.e4

low-tension electricity, secondary chordae rupture due to l, 260.e1-260.e2

major, registry of Navarre (Spain), 1382-1388

minor, X-ray-negative posterior sternoclavicular dislocation after, 260.e3-260.e5

motor vehicle, evaluation of geriatric patients with trauma scores after, 1453-1456

multiple, at ED, comparing diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound and radiography for bone fracture screening in, 1583-1585

no direct, isolated sternum fracture with, 631.e1-631.e3

patient outcomes between D- and L-lactate fluids, community-based comparison of, 206-214

pelvic, external contention for, 442.e1-442.e3

trivial, and lethal outcome of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting in ED, 1293.e1-1293.e3

Trekking, activity, medical service for children high-altitude group on (letter), 1142-1144

Triage

of children with headache at ED, 670-675

of ED patients with acute chest pain, risk factors and risk scores vs cardiac computed tomography angiography for, 1479-1485

ED setting, non-invasive blood pressure and cardiac index measurements using the Finapres Portapres in, 1012-1016

prehospital field, blood glucose levels as adjunct for, 556-561

ultrasound-assisted, of ankle trauma can decrease the need for radiographic imaging, 1686-1689

utility of point-of-care testing in ED, 291-296

Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning, cerebellitis developing after, 1419.e3-1419.e5

Troponin

cardiac, elevation with an unclear etiology, assessment of (letter), 1613-1614

elevation, in aortic dissection patients may be due to takotsubo cardiomyopathy (letter), 749-750

levels of, abnormal, as short-term predictor of poor outcome in acute atrial

fibrillation, 699-704

as the only biomarker in validation of the Vancouver Chest Pain Rule using, 1103-1107

results definitively should be expressed in ng/L (letter), 1139-1140

rise and poor outcome in patients presenting to the ED with short-duration atrial fibrillation (letter), 1147-1150

Troponin I

assays are occasionally deceiving us, 997.e1-997.e2 cardiac

assay, assessment of using fingerstick blood sample with i-STAT point-of- care device for, 1236-1239

elevation and electrocardiographic abnormalities, intracranial hemorrhage with, 271.e5-271.e7

testing, appropriate sample dilution for (letter), 1278-1279 Troponin T

cardiac, high-sensitivity, combined with ultrasensitive copeptin assays at admission, for early rule out of acute myocardial infarction in ED patients, value of, 1302-1308

high-sensitive

levels and complex coronary lesions (letter), 1141

levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome with ST elevation and complex coronary lesions, relationship between (letter),

1145-1146

a new algorithm in the chest pain unit using (letter), 993-994

high-sensitivity assay, vs fourth-generation, algorithm for probable acute coronary syndrome using, 1226-1229

tungsten carbide, Ring removal, comparison of two techniques for, 1516-1519

T-wave inversion, in anterior precordial leads, Wellens’ syndrome and clinical significance of (letter), 439-440

Ulinastatin, improved cardiac dysfunction after cardiac arrest in New Zealand rabbits, 768-774

Ultrasonography

-assisted triage of ankle trauma can decrease the need for radiographic imaging, 1686-1689

bedside

confirmation of endotracheal tube position during resuscitation by (letter), 248-250

in diagnosis of vitreous hemorrhage and traumatic lens dislocation, 1002.e1-1002.e2

emergency, acute simultaneous bilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment diagnosed with, 466.e3-466.e5

and radiography for bone fracture screening in multiple trauma patients at ED, comparing diagnostic accuracy of, 1583-1585

three-view, to differentiate acute decompensated heart failure from COPD, 759.e3-759.e5

cardiac, diagnosis of right-sided endocarditis with focused, 998.e3-998.e4 contrast-enhanced

to diagnose gallbladder perforation, 1240-1243

3-dimensional, real-time, in detecting hemorrhage of blunt renal trauma, 1427-1431

critical care literature 2011, 593-596

detection of knee joint effusions, novel joint cupping clinical maneuver for, 1598-1600

diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the ED, correlation of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin with (letter), 876-877

emergency

in diagnosis of traumatic extrathoracic lung herniation, 633.e1-633.e2 for early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis in ED, 632.e5-632.e7

evaluation in foot and ankle trauma, the accuracy of, 1551-1555 focused assessment, to clear hemodynamically stable blunt abdominal

trauma patients, physical examination combined with (letter), 1527-1528

guidance for radial arterial puncture, 810-815

-guided axillary vein cannulation, comparison of longitudinal and transverse approaches to, 478-481

-guided pericardiocentesis, novel in-plane technique for, 1424.e5-1424.e9 guided peripheral vein cannulation, long catheters vs standard-length in

(letter), 252-254

and hypovolemia, role of inferior vena cava and right ventricular diameter in assessment of volume status in, 763-767

of inferior vena cava performed by emergency residents, interrater reliability of, 1509-1511

of jugular vein as marker of hypovolemia in healthy volunteers, 173-177 of lung, inferior vena cava and cardiac, diagnosing heart failure among acutely

dyspneic patients with, 1208-1214 point-of-care

to diagnose long bone fractures in ED, accuracy of, 1352-1356 diagnosis and treatment of posterior shoulder dislocation, 449.e3-449.e5

submandibular, point-of-care, pocket mobile smartphone system for, 573-577

transcutaneous cervical, identification of peritonsillar abscess by, 267.e1-267.e3

Unfractionated heparin, vs low-molecular-weight heparin, in patients with compromised left ventricular function (letter), 750-751

Upper airway, open, differ less with head positioned on support, Head position angles to, 80-85

Urinalysis in children with simple and perforated appendicitis, different appearances of,

1560-1563

for diagnosis of pediatric urinary tract infection, performance characteristics of, 1405-1407

urinary tract infection

pediatric, performance characteristics of urinalyses for diagnosis of, 1405-1407

purple urine bag uncommon and caused by, 265.e5-265.e6

Urine alkalinization, efficacy by oral administration of sodium bicarbonate, 1703-1706

Urine bag, purple, uncommon and caused by urinary tract infection, 265.e5-265.e6

Urine discoloration, purple, uncommon and caused by urinary tract infection, 265.e5-265.e6

Vaccination, influenza, takotsubo cardiomyopathy a catecholaminergic effect of immune system after, 1627.e1-1627.e4

Vancomycin, dosing guidelines in ED, computerized provider order entry improves compliance of (letter), 1715-1716

Vancouver Chest Pain Rule, using troponin as the only biomarker, validation of, 1103-1107

Vasculitis, childhood, case presenting in adulthood (letter), 254-255 Vectorcardiography, 3-lead, and 12-lead electrocardiogram, derivation of,

1183-1190

Venipuncture, in pediatrics, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate topical anesthetic for 15 minutes before, 20-25

Ventilation noninvasive

in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, comparison of bilevel and continuous positive airway pressure, 1322-1327

in prehospital treatment of methadone intoxication, early antidote use associated with, 448.e5-448.e6

Ventricular fibrillation (VF)

caused by coronary artery spasm during mild therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation, 453.e5-453.e8

refractory, treated with resuscitation using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, cardiac arrest with, 264.e1-264.e2

swine model, effects of 3 different compression methods on intrathoracic pressure in, 100-107

Ventricular storm, thyrotoxic periodic paralysis presenting with, 443.e3-443.e7 Ventricular tachycardia

monomorphic, after intentional citalopram overdose, 447.e5-447.e8 sustained, caused by Anaphylactic reaction, 1625.e3-1625.e4

Vertebral artery dissection, mimicking status migrainosus, 1721.e3-1721.e5 Veterans, homeless, risk factors for ED use among, 855-858

Vibrio vulnificus

and misdiagnosed as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, necrotizing soft tissue infection with gas formation caused by, 464.e5-464.e8

-related patients, REMS as a main predictor of mortality in, 1037-1041 species, Gram stain for (letter), 877-878

Violence, against ED workers, prospective study of, 197-205

Visual hallucinations, occipital lobe epilepsy presenting with (erratum), 1535 Vital signs, and advanced age, effect on admission from ED observation unit,

1-7

Vitamin K antagonist, vs low-molecular-weight heparin, in pulmonary embolism, importance of meta-analysis of long-term trials of (letter), 627-628

Vitreous hemorrhage, and traumatic lens dislocation, bedside ultrasound in diagnosis of, 1002.e1-1002.e2

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, presentation and implications in undocumented immigrants, 1419.e1-1419.e2

Vomiting

and nausea, after head injury and its effect on return rates from pediatric ED, use of ondansetron for, 166-172

severe

correct diagnosis by use of the physical-chemical approach in a patient presenting with metabolic acidosis despite, 995.e1-995.e2

correct diagnosis of a patient using the physical-chemical approach presenting with metabolic acidosis despite (erratum), 1535

Wandering spleen, presenting as small bowel obstruction (letter), 984-985

Warburg, effect associated with transformed lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 999.e5-999.e6

Warfarin

acute, reversal when using fresh-frozen plasma, perceptions about time for normalization of international normalized ratio in patients requiring (letter), 878-879

-related bleeding, experiences with an activated 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (FEIBA) for reversal of, 1251-1254

Water rescue, on quality CPR, effect of physical fatigue caused by, 473-477

Weapons, penetrating craniocerebral injury caused by rubber bullet questions the relative harmlessness of, 636.e5-636.e7

Weight, estimates in pediatric patients by prehospital EMS personnel, accuracy of, 1108-1112

Wellens’ syndrome, and clinical significance of T-wave inversion in anterior precordial leads (letter), 439-440

Wenckebach, worsening, after calcium gluconate injection, not uncommon but frequently missed diagnosis, 893.e5-893.e6

Work-related stressors, and occurrence of adverse events, in ED, 504-508

X-rays, -negative posterior sternoclavicular dislocation after minor trauma, 260.e3-260.e5

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *