Article, Emergency Medicine

Subject Index

INDEX TO Volume 26

Keywords

abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture of

masquerading as phlegmasia cerulea, 1067.e1-1067.e2 resuscitation using Endovascular balloon in an octogenarian, 967.e1-967.e3

screening using emergency ultrasound, in asymptomatic at-risk patients, 883-887

Abdominal compartment syndrome, Perforated peptic ulcer associated with, 1071.e3-1071.e5

Abdominal compression, rhythmic, new CPR method for VF (erratum), 378

(letter), 374-377, 625-626

Abdominal distention, as presentation of acute Ovarian torsion, 520.e1-520.e3

Abdominal pain

with diarrhea, developing a prediction rule to identify patients requiring surgery, 450-453

hypotension, and tachycardia, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome presenting as, 736.e3-736.e4

as presentation of

acute ovarian torsion, 520.e1-520.e3 Varicella zoster (letter), 1062-1063

abdominal surgery, avoidable in pneumatosis coli, 517.e1-517.e2 Abscess

epidural brain, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, missed diagnosis of, in a patient with recent furunculosis, 522.e3-522.e4

paravertebral, as presentation of colonic cancer causing acute lower back pain, 513.e3-513.e4

Acalculous cholecystitis, delayed necrotizing, after multiple trauma, 631.e1-631.e2

Access immunoassay, for quantitative measurement of hCG in urine (letter), 103-104

Acetaminophen, overdose of, during pregnancy, treatment with intravenous

N-acetylcysteine, 735.e1-735.e2

N-Acetylcysteine, intravenous, for treatment of acetaminophen overdose during pregnancy, 735.e1-735.e2

Acid-base interpretation, as predictor of outcome among patients with acute organophosphate poisoning before hospitalization, 24-30

(letter), 721-723

Active range of motion, preservation after acute elbow trauma, as predictor for absence of elbow fracture, 779-782

Acute abdomen, Spontaneous rupture of spleen as differential diagnosis of, 733.e5-733.e6

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) cardiac literature 2007, 817-833

prognostic value of admission ST-segment elevation in Lead aVR, in combination with conventional risk factors in, 408-412

transitioning to percutaneous coronary intervention, use of adjunctive anticoagulants in patients with, 932-941

Acute myeloid leukemia, presenting as one-and-a-half syndrome, 513.e1-513.e2

Acute myocardial infarction. see Myocardial infarction (MI), acute

acute pericarditis, cardiac literature 2007, 817-833

Acute severe hemorrhagic shock (ASHS), changes in SOD activity and MDA plasma level during, in rats, 54-58

Addisonian crisis, in Schmidt syndrome, Epigastric pain as presentation of, 251.e3-251.e4

Adenosine

for PSVT, prognostic index for efficacy of, 304-309 in the treatment of SVT, 879-882

adjunctive therapy, with intravenous dexamethasone, for migraine headaches, 124-130

Adolescents

pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum after Motor vehicle crash and ejection, 515.e1-515.e2

variant angina with intermittent Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in, 968.e5-968.e7

Adult

role of DRE in suspected appendicitis in (letter), 359-360 small-bowel intussusception due to ascaris in, 381.e3-381.e4

Adverse drug effects

associated with ketamine for procedural sedation in adults, 985-1028 and PIMs, prevalence in elderly ED patients, 697-700

Aeromonas infection, as predictor of mortality in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175

Age, -related changes in pediatric ECG, 221-228 (erratum), 506-512

Agenesis, partial, of posterior arch of atlas, 118.e3-118.e5

Airbags, and Oral anticoagulation, deadly combination in Low-velocity car accident, 111.e3-111.e5

Air travel, spontaneous pneumomediastinum after, 116.e1-116.e2 Airway management, comparison of success rate for intubation

with three devices for, during emergency medical training, 783-788

Airway obstruction, upper

acute, caused by Laryngeal sarcoidosis, 114.e1-114.e3 caused by Forestier disease, 1072.e1-1072.e3

Albumin, ischemia-modified

in diagnosis of Acute mesenteric ischemia, 202-205 levels in cerebrovascular diseases, 874-878

value in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (letter), 624-625 Alcohol

comparison of use in perpetrators versus victims of IPV, 592-596 drinking, and intensified exercise, abdominal wall rhabdomyolysis

induced by, 521.e3-521.e4

intoxication, prevalence of vitamin Deficiencies in ED patients with, 792-795

misuse, in relation to recent depressive symptoms, among ED patients, 537-544

Algorithms, ECG, for predicting complexity of coronary artery lesions in STEMI, 10-17

Amantadine, Serotonin syndrome induced by, in patient with renal failure, 112.e5-112.e6

Ambulance, modular, ambient levels of nitrous oxide in, 186-188

0163-8343/$ – see front matter doi:10.1016/S0735-6757(08)00726-2

Ambulance diversion, outcome of new protocol on diversion hours and emergency medical service drop-off times, 670-675

Amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, in relation to in-hospital mortality, in elderly patients with dyspnea, 555-560

Amyand hernia, an unusual variant of inguinal hernia, 637.e5-637.e6 Analgesia

early, in relation to delayed treatment of appendicitis, 176-180 in ED

improvement of racial disparities in use of, 462-464 postintubation, inadequate provision of, 469-472

ethyl chloride spray vs. ice cube for, pretreatment for antibiotic skin test, 59-61

Analgesics

administration in ED, influence of triage scoring systems and triage priority scores on timeliness of, 867-873

for pain from Long-bone fractures, racial or ethnic disparity, 270-274 Anemia

predicting development of, by measuring inferior vena cava diameter of patients with spinal cord injury, 446-449

severe

associated with transient ischemic attacks involving vertebrobasilar circulation, 382.e3-382.e4

due to Massive bleeding associated with Leech bites, 1067.e3-1067.e6 Angina, variant, in an adolescent with intermittent Wolff-Parkinson-White

syndrome, 968.e5-968.e7

Angiomyolipoma, spontaneous hemorrhagic, with massive hematuria leading to nephrectomy, 249.e3-249.e5

Antibiotics, effect of automated chest radiograph at triage on time to, in patients with pneumonia, 264-269

Antibiotic skin test, Ethyl chloride spray vs. ice cube, for analgesic pretreatment for, 59-61

Antibodies, Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, multiple cardiac thrombi and thromboembolism in a patient with heart failure,

1066.e5-1066.e7

Anticoagulants

adjunctive, use in patients with ACS transitioning to percutaneous coronary intervention, 932-941

catastrophic use of, in painless aortic dissection misdiagnosed as brainstem stroke with, 253.e1-253.e2

oral, and airbags, deadly combination in low-velocity car accident, 111.e3-111.e5

Antiplatelet agents, in management of stroke, 808-816 Antiplatelet therapy, adjunctive, role in STEMI, 212-220

Antipsychotic medications, atypical, profound hypothermia secondary to normal use of, 737.e1-737.e2

antithrombotic therapy, for prevention of secondary stroke, 808-816 antivenom therapy, low-dose, efficacy on morbidity and mortality in

snakebite, 402-407

(letter), 1058-1059

Anxiolysis, in ED, postintubation, inadequate provision of, 469-472 Aorta

complete occlusion of, caused by cardiac myxoma emboli, 110.e1-110.e2

Gas embolism in, induced by Necrotizing gastroenteritis, 253.e3-253.e4 Aortic aneurysm, clinical characteristics of, as cause of sudden death in

outpatients, 1042-1046 Aortic dissection

acute, with Painless paraplegia, 631.e3-631.e5

clinical characteristics of, as cause of sudden death in outpatients, 1042-1046

day-of-week variability in the occurrence and outcome of (letter), 363-366

painless, misdiagnosed as brainstem stroke with catastrophic anticoagulant use, 253.e1-253.e2

pheochromocytomas in (letter), 626-627

proximal, in young patients, pericarditis as initial manifestation of, 379.e3-379.e5

serum marker for, 942-945 type A

painless, in bigeminal premature ventricular contractions, 112.e1-112.e3 presenting with seizure, 245.e1-245.e2

Aortic rupture, day-of-week variability in the occurrence and outcome of (letter), 363-366

Apical ballooning syndrome, Normal coronary arteries as typical feature of, 965.e1-965.e4

Appendicitis acute

perforated, with leukopenic presentation, 735.e3-735.e4

preoperative WBC count in patients operated for suspected, 769-772 with sepsis, Pelvic ectopic kidney with acute pyelonephritis suspected

as, 517.e3-517.e4

urinary 5-HIAA levels in diagnosis of, 282-286

early analgesia in relation to delayed treatment of, 176-180 outcome of, with increasing CT scanning, 39-44

suspected, in adults, role of DRE in (letter), 359-360

Arachnoid cyst, giant posterior fossa, herniation of, as differential diagnosis in postural headache, 247.e1-247.e3

Arrhythmia

in pediatric population, 221-228 ECG manifestations, 348-358

(erratum), 506-512

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), specific ECG features in (letter), 106-107

Arteriovenous fistula, cervical, ruptured, presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and quadriplegia, 249.e1-249.e2

arteriovenous malformation

pulmonary, presenting with chest pain, hemoptysis, and hypoxia, 904-907

spinal

acute quadriparesis caused by, 731.e1-731.e3

presenting with altered mental status and fever in a toddler, 1072.e5-1072.e7

Ascaris, as cause for small-bowel intussusception in adult, 381.e3-381.e4 Ascites, complicated diffuse lipomatosis mimicking as, 379.e1-379.e2 ascitic fluid, appearance of, in detection of Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

(letter), 623-624 Asthma, acute

outcomes assessment using severity measures as first step in development of prediction rule, 473-479

severe, lactic acidosis induced by salbutamol for treatment of, 514.e1-514.e3

Ataxia, acute, as manifestation of Lyme disease neuroborreliosis in a child, 1069.e5-1069.e6

Atenolol, combined with epinephrine, effect on outcome of CPR in VF, 578-584

Athletes, recreational, lateral compartment syndrome of the lower extremity in, 973.e1-973.e2

Atlas

congenital defect of, as cause of misdiagnose when evaluating an acute Neck trauma, 840.e1-840.e2

posterior arch of, partial agenesis of, 118.e3-118.e5 atmospheric pressure, correlation with incidence of pulmonary

thromboembolism, 1035-1041 Atrial fibrillation

paroxysmal, role of serum PTHrP levels in (letter), 361-363 refractory unstable, in ED, Double-dose external cardioversion for,

385.e1-385.e3

Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD), procedural sedation for fracture reduction in children with, 661-664

Authorship, collaboration, and their effect on extramural funding in EM literature, 5-9

Avulsion, calcaneal fractures, complicated by Skin necrosis due to delayed treatment of, 254.e1-254.e4

Axis, congenital defect of, as cause of misdiagnose when evaluating an acute neck trauma, 840.e1-840.e2

Back pain, lower

acute, caused by paravertebral abscess and colonic cancer, 513.e3-513.e4 due to Spontaneous septic diskitis, 514.e5-514.e6

Bacterial peritonitis

gas-forming, mimicking hollow organ perforation, 838.e3-838.e5 spontaneous, appearance of ascitic fluid in detection of (letter), 623-624

Base deficit, arterial versus central venous, as predictor of survival in acute trauma, 119-123

Basilar aneurysm, electrocardiographic T-wave changes in, 716-720 Beers criteria, as standard for measuring prevalence of inappropriate

prescribing in elderly ED patients (editorial), 695-696

benzathine penicillin, injection, causing acute paraplegia and pulmonary edema, 250.e1-250.e5

(letter), 963-964

Beta-agonists (?-agonists), in patients with COPD and heart disease (letter), 104-105, 1060

Bilevel positive airway pressure , ventilation, feasibility in out-of- hospital setting, 165-169

biological weapons, Healthcare facility-based decontamination of victims exposed to chemical, radiological and, 71-80

Bites

human, causing Inguinal phlegmon with Positive serology for syphilis, 250.e7-250.e8

leech, as cause of coagulation disorder, massive bleeding, and Severe anemia, 1067.e3-1067.e6

black widow spider, envenomation, myocarditis from, 630.e1-630.e3 Bladder stone, as cause of acute renal failure, 246.e3-246.e4 Bleeding

gastric varices, wandering spleen presenting as, 637.e1-637.e4 massive, due to leech bites, 1067.e3-1067.e6

Blister, hemorrhagic, clinical characteristics and confirmative diagnoses, 316-319

Blood gas analysis

arterial versus central venous, as predictor of survival in acute trauma, 119-123

venous, venous-arterial Pco2 and pH differences

increased by hyperventilation and finger exercise, 975-980 Blood pressure

cuff, noninvasive, causing Humerus fracture, 1073.e1-1073.e2 elevated, in ED patients, prevalence estimates using 4 methods of

categorization, 561-565

Blood pump, nonpulsatile versus dual pulsatile, in hemoperfusion for Paraquat poisoning, 641-648

Body fluid status, in children and young adults, assessment using sonographic IVC/Ao diameter index, 320-325

body wash. see liquid skin cleanser

Bone marrow aspiration, massive Retroperitoneal hemorrhage after, 1070.e5-1070.e6

Brain abscess, epidural, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, missed diagnosis of, in a patient with recent furunculosis, 522.e3-522.e4

Brain edema, due to acute hypoxic anoxic encephalopathy characteristics of SAH, 521.e1-521.e2

Brain injury, mild traumatic, Serum cleaved tau for prediction of Postconcussion syndrome after, 763-768

Brainstem, stroke, with catastrophic anticoagulant use, painless aortic dissection misdiagnosed as, 253.e1-253.e2

Brugada syndrome, ECG changes in patient taking lithium due to, 113.e1-113.e3

Bullet-proof vest, chest injury while wearing, 736.e1 Bullets. see Firearm projectiles

Burn injury, associated with white phosphorus, 974.e3-974.e5

caffeine abuse, hospitalization for, in association with abuse of other pharmaceutical products, 799-802

Canadian Pediatric emergency triage and Acuity Scale (Ped-CTAS), correlation to resource utilization in ED, 893-897

Cancer, as predictor of mortality in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175

Candidiasis, diaper, diabetic ketoacidosis in toddler with, 834.e1-834.e2 Capillary refill time , normal, impact of patient and environmental

factors on, 62-65 Carbon monoxide poisoning

clinical significance of carboxyhemogloin levels in, 665-669 lactate serum level as prognostic factor in, 966.e1-966.e3

myelin basic protein in cerebrospinal fluid as a predictive marker of Delayed encephalopathy from, 908-912

Carboxyhemoglobin

levels of, clinical significance in carbon monoxide poisoning, 665-669 stability in stored and mailed blood samples, 191-195

Cardiac arrest

cardiac literature 2007, 817-833 effect of

emergency CPB for resuscitation on survival rate, 649-654 naloxone combined with epinephrine on resuscitation of, 898-901

occurring in the field and transported versus in the ED, length of unsuccessful resuscitations for, 206-211

out-of-hospital, effect of different methods of relieving Nontraumatic hemopericardium on outcome of, 425-432

in a patient with normal coronary arteries, 734.e5-734.e7 prescription of naloxone in ED management of patients with,

113.e5-113.e8

in setting of Diet pill consumption, 732.e1-732.e3 Cardiac defibrillation, after long episodes of VF, 287-290

Cardiac life support, advanced, use of naloxone in (editorial), 902-903 cardiac memory, T-wave changes after ventricular tachycardia in

pregnancy, 968.e1-968.e3 Cardiac myxoma

emboli, complete Aortic occlusion caused by, 110.e1-110.e2 giant, sepsis as complication of, 387.e3-387.e4

Cardiac rhythm, changes of, evaluation during deployment of TASER X26 on healthy volunteer, 1-4

Cardiac syndromes, ECG abnormalities in pediatric patients, 497-503 Cardiac tamponade, new complication in MELAS, 382.e1-382.e2 cardiac tests, preferences for, sex and race disparities, 545-550

Cardiac thrombosis, multiple, and thromboembolism, in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia antibody positive patient with heart failure, 1066.e5-1066.e7

Cardiac troponin I. see Troponin I, cardiac

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema, cardiac literature 2007, 817-833 Cardiogenic shock, secondary to VF, subsequent to inferior MI,

387.e1-387.e2

Cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular, specific ECG features in (letter), 106-107

cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), for resuscitation after cardiac arrest, effect on survival rate, 649-654

Cardiopulmonary reanimation, inadvertent intracranial placement of the Wendl tube as complication of, 639.e1-639.e2

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). see also Resuscitation alternative to mouth-to mouth breathing in (letter), 1057-1058 augmented (letter), 964

bystander, comparison of rates for Hispanic versus non-Hispanic OHCA, 655-660

rationale of use of vassopressor agents, epinephrine as first choice for (letter), 368-370

response on adverse effect of epinephrine during and after (letter), 370 for VF, new method using rhythmic abdominal compression

(erratum), 378

(letter), 374-377, 625-626

in VF, effect of atenolol and epinephrine on outcome of, 578-584 cardiovascular parameters, influence of weight force application to lower

torso on, 603-607

cardiovascular toxins, in relation to ECG abnormality in Poisoned patients (letter), 957-959

Cardioversion, double-dose external, for refractory unstable atrial fibrillation in ED, 385.e1-385.e3

Carotid artery, Damage control in the transection of, 841.e3-841.e5

Case management, cost-effectiveness of, for ED frequent users, 155-164 Catheterization, in pediatric patients, effect of volumetric ultrasound

performed by Trained nurses on, 18-23

Cat-scratch, Pasteurella multocida septic shock after, in elderly, 380.e1-380.e3

Central cord syndrome, in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome, 252.e1-252.e2

Cerebral artery dissection, isolated middle, causing childhood stroke, after backward somersault, 519.e3-519.e5

cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, due to hyperthyroidism, as cause of headache, 383.e1-383.e2

Cerebrospinal fluid

accuracy of results to differentiate bacterial from non Bacterial meningitis in case of negative Gram-stained smear (letter), 237

myelin basic protein in, as a predictive marker of delayed encephalopathy from carbon monoxide poisoning, 908-912

Cerebrovascular accident, ischemic and hemorrhagic, electrocardiographic T-wave changes in, 716-720

Cervical arteriovenous fistula, ruptured, presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and quadriplegia, 249.e1-249.e2

Chemical weapons, healthcare facility-based decontamination of victims exposed to biological, radiological and, 71-80

Chest compression mechanical device, evolution and new perspective of, 923-931

Chest injury, while wearing a bullet-proof vest, 736.e1 Chest pain

acute left, Heterotopic pregnancy presenting with, 835.e1-835.e2 caused by intramural hematoma of the esophagus, 843.e1-843.e2

hemoptysis, and hypoxia, Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations presenting with, 904-907

prognostic value of TIMI risk score in patients with, 439-445 Children. see Pediatrics

Chloroform, and dichloromethane, acute toxic hepatitis after suicidal ingestion of, 1073.e3-1073.e6

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), ?-agonists in patients with heart disease and (letter), 104-105, 1060

Clavicle, posterior dislocation of, at the sternoclavicular joint, 108.e3-108.e4

Cleaved tau, serum, for prediction of postconcussion syndrome after mild traumatic brain injury, 763-768

Climate, desert, severity and mortality rate of hypothermia in, 683-688 Clinician-based ultrasound, for evaluation of lateral neck mass in ED,

386.e3-386.e6

Clopidogrel, for STEMI, 212-220

closed reduction, of posterior dislocation of clavicle at the sternoclavicular joint, 108.e3-108.e4

Coagulation disorder, due to leech bites, 1067.e3-1067.e6

Cocaine, comparison of use in perpetrators versus victims of IPV, 592-596 Collaboration, authorship, and their effect on extramural funding in EM

literature, 5-9

Colonic cancer, presenting as paravertebral abscess causing acute lower back pain, 513.e3-513.e4

Colonoscopy

rupture of spleen as Life-threatening complication after, 834.e3-834.e4 splenic rupture after, 117.e1-117.e3

Coma, sudden, due to Severe hypoglycemia, noncardiogenic acute pulmonary edema associated with, 839.e3-839.e6

Combitube, versus Easytube, versus laryngeal tube, success rate for intubation with, during emergency medical training, 783-788

Communication, transfer of information from Prehospital to ED health care providers (letter), 233-235

Compartment syndrome

abdominal, perforated peptic ulcer associated with, 1071.e3-1071.e5 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

pyomyositis complicated by, 737.e3-737.e4

lateral, of the lower extremity in a recreational athlete, 973.e1-973.e2 Complication

life-threatening, after colonoscopy, 834.e3-834.e4

unusual, of a successful cardiopulmonary reanimation, 639.e1-639.e2 Computed tomography (CT)

abdominal, and nasogastric tube, efficacy in acute poisoning, 738.e3-738.e5

findings in pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage, 521.e1-521.e2 scanning, appendicitis outcome with, 39-44

Conducted electrical weapons (CEWs), impact in persons with Mental illness (letter), 504-505

Congenital defect, of atlas and axis, as cause of misdiagnose when evaluating an acute neck trauma, 840.e1-840.e2

congenital heart disease

ECG abnormalities in pediatric patients, 497-503 ECG indicators in pediatric population, 221-228 (erratum), 506-512

Congestive heart failure (CHF), ?-agonists in patients with COPD and (letter), 104-105, 1060

Conservative therapy, for closed internal degloving injury, 254.e5-254.e6

Contact dermatitis, caused by use of body wash as skin moisturizer, 246.e1-246.e2

Continuous ambulatory Peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis as complication of, 245.e3-245.e4

Coronary artery

disease, ?-agonists in patients with COPD and (letter), 104-105, 1060 lesions, in STEMI, ECG algorithms for predicting complexity of, 10-17 normal, as typical feature of apical ballooning syndrome, 965.e1-965.e4 vasospasm, in an adolescent with intermittent Wolff-Parkinson-White

syndrome, 968.e5-968.e7

Cortisol-induced hyperglycemia, and Acute delirium, Pituitary apoplexy associated with, 1068.e1-1068.e3

Cost-benefit analysis, of clinical case management for ED frequent users, 155-164

Cricothyrotomy

Bedside sonography by emergency physicians for identification of landmarks relevant to, 852-856

surgical, use of a Gum elastic bougie in, 738.e1

Critical illness, use of etomidate for RSI induction in septic patients, 229-232

(letter), 728-730

Cyanoacrylate, topical skin adhesive, properties, advantages, indications, and usage, 490-496

Cyanosis, central, due to severe pulmonary hypertension with pericarditis, as first symptom of SLE, 248.e1-248.e2

Cyclobenzaprine, and escitalopram, serotonin syndrome induced by, 1069.e1-1069.e3

Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor, indomethacin, non-selective, for Prostaglandin inhibition and ischemia (editorial), 101-102

Cytokines, role in MODS, 711-715

dapsone overdose, effectiveness of hemodialysis in, 1070.e1-1070.e4 Death

after intravenous paraquat injection, 836.e3-836.e4

sudden, in outpatients, clinical characteristics of aortic aneurysm and dissection as cause of, 1042-1046

Decontamination, healthcare facility-based, of victims exposed to chemical, biological and radiological materials, 71-80

Defibrillator, implantable cardioverter, efficacy and safety of Antitachycardia pacing features of, for terminating recurrent ventricular tachycardias, 1066.e1-1066.e3

Degloving injury, closed internal, conservative treatment of, 254.e5-254.e6 Delayed treatment, of appendicitis, in relation to early analgesia, 176-180 Delirium

acute, and cortisol-induced hyperglycemia, pituitary apoplexy associated with, 1068.e1-1068.e3

hyponatremic, and rhabdomyolysis, induced by proton pump inhibitor, 519.e1-519.e2

dental extraction, life-threatening cervical necrotizing fasciitis after, 971.e5-971.e7

Depression, recent, in relation to alcohol misuse, among ED patients, 537-544

Dermatitis, contact, caused by use of body wash as skin moisturizer, 246.e1-246.e2

Dexamethasone, intravenous, as adjunctive therapy for migraine headaches, 124-130

Dextrocardia, as additional cause of electrocardiographic changes in lead aVR (letter), 242-243

Diabetic ketoacidosis, in toddler with Diaper rash, 834.e1-834.e2 Diabetic myonecrosis, detection using bedside ultrasound, 969.e3-969.e4 Diagnosis. see also Diagnosis, differential

of acute appendicitis using urinary 5-HIAA levels, 282-286 of acute mesenteric ischemia using IMA, 202-205 challenge in postpartum stroke, 843.e3-843.e4

delayed, of active pulmonary tuberculosis in ED, 888-892

value of IMA in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (letter), 624-625 Diagnosis, differential

bacterial versus non bacterial meningitis, with negative gram-stained smear of CSF, accuracy of results (letter), 237

in postural headache, herniation of giant posterior fossa cyst as, 247.e1-247.e3

Diaper rash, diabetic ketoacidosis in toddler with, 834.e1-834.e2 diaphragmatic rupture, and hepatic hernia, late presentation of, after blunt

trauma, 638.e3-638.e5

Diarrhea, with abdominal pain, developing a prediction rule to identify patients requiring surgery, 450-453

Dichloromethane, and chloroform, Acute toxic hepatitis after suicidal ingestion of, 1073.e3-1073.e6

Diet pill, cardiac arrest associated with consumption of, 732.e1-732.e3 Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, with hemoptysis and respiratory failure, in a

child, 639.e3-639.e4

Digital rectal examination (DRE), role in suspected appendicitis in adults (letter), 359-360

Disaster planning, physician’s role and mass medical event response (letter), 239-242

Disk herniation, intervertebral, spontaneous septic diskitis misdiagnosed as, 514.e5-514.e6

Dislocation, posterior, of clavicle at the sternoclavicular joint, 108.e3-108.e4

Diverticulitis, perforated, acute Urinary retention secondary to, misdiagnosed as Acute prostatitis, 842.e3-842.e4

Drug abuse, in association with hospitalization for caffeine abuse, 799-802

Drug administration, tracheal, via intubation laryngeal mask airway (letter), 370-371

Drug concentration, prehospital, alteration of, after thermal exposure, 566-573

Drug overdose

acetaminophen, during pregnancy, treatment with intravenous

N-acetylcysteine, 735.e1-735.e2

magnesium hydroxide, causing paradoxical hypomagnesemia, 837.e1-837.e2

methadone, onset of symptoms after (letter), 242 Valproic acid, misleading case, 110.e3-110.e6

Dyspnea

association between Nt-proBNP levels and in-hospital mortality in elderly patients, 555-560

caused by Launois-Bensaude syndrome, 111.e1-111.e2

Easytube, versus Combitube, versus Laryngeal tube, success rate for intubation with, during emergency medical training, 783-788

Echocardiography, role in diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, 632.e1-632.e3

Editorials, 101-102, 693-694, 695-696, 902-903

elbow fractures, preservation of active range of motion after acute elbow trauma as predictor for absence of, 779-782

Elderly patients. see Geriatric patients

Electrical weapons, conducted, impact in persons with mental illness (letter), 504-505 Electric shock, prevalence of neurologic and Neuropsychological symptoms during the

first year after, 413-418 Electrocardiography

abnormality

in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease and other cardiac syndromes, 497-503

in relation to cardiovascular toxins in poisoned patients (letter), 957-959 acute pancreatitis presenting as acute inferior wall ST-segment elevations on,

734.e1-734.e4

additional causes of changes in lead aVR (letter), 242-243

algorithms for predicting complexity of coronary artery lesions in STEMI, 10-17 in ARVC (letter), 106-107

Brugada-type changes in, of patient taking lithium, 113.e1-113.e3 cardiac literature 2007, 817-833

findings to differentiate left-sided pneumothorax from MI (letter), 959-962

lead, aVR, additional causes of electrocardiographic changes in (letter), 242-243 12-lead, for monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to

Taser X26, 1-4

limitations in diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, 632.e1-632.e3 manifestations in pediatric arrhythmias, 348-358

monitoring, in hospitalized patients, impact of, 1047-1055

pediatric, age-related changes in, indicators of heart disease, 221-228 (erratum), 506-512

T wave changes underlying acute cardiac and Cerebral events, 716-720 Emergency department (ED)

accessibility and efficiency of laboratory testing in (letter), 373-374

adult parenting smokers in, effect of household children on motivation to quit, 757-762

barriers to chronic pain management in, 255-263 characteristics

and management of wound foreign bodies in, 918-922

and outcomes of injury among older adults treated in, 296-303

clinician-based ultrasound for evaluation of lateral neck mass in, 386.e3-386.e6 correlation of Ped-CTAS to resource utilization in, 893-897

cost-effectiveness of clinical case management for frequent users of, 155-164 delayed diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis in, 888-892

diagnosis of herpes zoster opthalmicus in, 612-617 difference in

pain treatment and relief for headache subtypes in, 1029-1034 resident productivity as a function of shift length in, 789-791 disclosure of suicidal ideation in, 701-705

double-dose external cardioversion for refractory unstable atrial fibrillation in, 385.e1-385.e3

ECG algorithms for predicting complexity of coronary artery lesions in STEMI, 10-17

EVUS in nonpregnant woman with RLQ pain, 81-85

exposure-based intervention in, for prevention of PTSD, 326-330

False elevation of cardiac troponin I using Point-of-care testing in, 969.e1-969.e2 health care

-associated pneumonia identification and initial management in, S1-S11 providers, information transfer from prehospital to (letter), 233-235 impact of Poison control centers on poisoning-related visits to, 310-315 implications for Varicella zoster Infection control in (letter), 1062-1063 improvement of racial disparities in analgesia use in, 462-464

inadequate provision of postintubation anxiolysis and analgesia in, 469-472 Inappropriate prescribing in elderly patients

(letter), 372-373

inappropriate prescribing in elderly patients based on Beers criteria (editorial), 695-696

incidence and recognition of hypertension in, 913-917

influence of triage scoring systems and triage priority scores on timeliness of analgesic administration in, 867-873

Intravenous morphine titration to treat severe pain in, 676-682

length of unsuccessful resuscitations for cardiac arrest occurring in, 206-211 management

of pediatric syncope in, 66-70

of pediatric syncope in (letter), 1059-1060

and prognosis of stroke in elderly patients, 742-749 of STEMI in, 91-100

patients with sepsis, Heart rate variability measures as predictors of in-hospital mortality in, 395-401

pediatric nurses, effect of volumetric ultrasound performed by, on first-attempt Urine collection success rates., 18-23

PERC rule’s performance for suspected pulmonary embolism, 181-185 prescription of naloxone in management of patients with cardiac arrest,

113.e5-113.e8

prevalence

estimates of Elevated blood pressure using 4 methods of categorization, 561-565 of incidentally discovered hyperglycemia in patients with no history of diabetes

in, 532-536

of PIMS and potential adverse drug effects in elderly, 697-700

of vitamin deficiencies in alcohol Intoxicated patients in, 792-795 relationship between alcohol misuse and recent depressive symptoms in, 537-544 reliability of Hemodynamic profiling of patients with heart failure in, 196-201 safety and accuracy of SFSR applied to elderly Patients with syncope or

near-syncope, 773-778

Small bowel obstruction due to Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, 114.e5-114.e6

spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma as rare diagnosis in, 835.e3-835.e5 tuberculosis among health care workers in Brazilian tertiary hospital, 796-798

ultrasound

-assisted localization for lumbar puncture in the (letter), 955-957

-guided interscalene block for Shoulder dislocation reduction in (letter), 1061

-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus nerve blocks versus procedural sedation for Upper extremity emergencies, 706-710

urinary symptoms as subtle signs of Ketamine abuse (letter), 1061 use

among older adults, level of social support and living situation as predictors of, 454-461

of etomidate for RSI in, 946-950

and interpretation of cardiac troponins in, 331-341 Emergency medical services

compliance and safety of triage protocol for, 750-756

drop-off times, outcome of new ambulance diversion protocol on diversion hours and, 670-675

information transfer from prehospital to ED health care providers (letter), 233-235 emergency medical technicians , in treatment of hypoglycemia without

transport, 291-295 Emergency medicine (EM)

comparison of resident interpretation of plain radiographs by year of training (letter), 366-367

literature in, authorship, collaboration, and their effect on extramural funding in, 5-9 training in, success rate for intubation with Laryngeal tube versus Combitube versus

Easytube during, 783-788 Emergency physicians

answers to clinical questions by, 144-147 (letter), 962-963

bedside sonography by, for identification of landmarks relevant to cricothyrotomy, 852-856

contribution of impairment and illness severity in decision to override a patient’s refusal of treatment, 803-807

MEDS score as Predictive tool for (editorial), 693-694

role in evaluating and managing patients with STEMI in ED, 91-100 steps to improve efficiency of, 1056-1057

Emphysema

facial subcutaneous, secondary to trauma, 733.e1-733.e4 spontaneous orbital subcutaneous, after sneezing, 381.e1-381.e2

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis, as complication of CAPD, 245.e3-245.e4 Encephalopathy, delayed, from carbon monoxide poisoning, myelin basic protein in

cerebrospinal fluid as a predictive marker of, 908-912 Endovaginal pelvic ultrasound (EVUS), in nonpregnant woman with RLQ pain, in ED,

81-85

Endovascular balloon, resuscitation for an octogenarian with Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm using, 967.e1-967.e3

Envenomation

black widow spider, myocarditis from, 630.e1-630.e3 stonefish, 972.e1-972.e2

Environmental factors, impact on normal CRT, 62-65 Epidural hematoma

spontaneous

spinal, a rare diagnosis in ED, 835.e3-835.e5 of thoracic spine, 384.e1-384.e2

Epigastric pain, as presentation of addisonian crisis in Schmidt syndrome, 251.e3-251.e4

Epiglottis, occult lacerations of, by glass fragments, 518.e1-518.e3 Epilepsy, transient hyperammonemia following, 388.e1-388.e2 Epinephrine

combined with

atenolol, effect on outcome of CPR in VF, 578-584

naloxone, effect on resuscitation of cardiopulmonary arrest, 898-901 as first choice for CPR (letter), 368-370

response on adverse effect of, during and after CPR (letter), 370 Epiploic appendagitis, 838.e1-838.e2

Erythropoietin, Spontaneous splenic rupture caused by splenic peliosis of patient with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis and receiving, 109.e1-109.e2 Escitalopram, and cyclobenzaprine, serotonin syndrome induced by, 1069.e1-1069.e3

Esophagus, intramural hematoma of, as cause of chest pain, 843.e1-843.e2

essential thrombocythemia, with femoral fracture, management with plateletpheresis and intramedullary rod fixation, followed by hydroxyurea, 636.e1-636.e3

Ethyl chloride spray, vs. ice cube, for analgesic pretreatment for antibiotic skin test, 59-61

Etomidate use in RSI

in ED, 946-950

induction in critically ill septic patients, 229-232 induction in critically ill septic patients (letter), 728-730

Exercise

and binge drinking of alcohol, abdominal wall rhabdomyolysis induced by, 521.e3-521.e4

finger, and hyperventilation, venous-arterial Pco2 and pH differences increased by, 975-980

Exposure-based therapy, for prevention of PTSD, 326-330

Extramural funding, in EM literature, effect of authorship, and collaboration on, 5-9 Extrapontine myelinolysis, presenting as generalized tonic seizures, after correction of

hyponatremia, 632.e5-632.e6 Extremity, lower

gas gangrene without wound involving both, 970.e3-970.e4

lateral compartment syndrome of, in a recreational athlete, 973.e1-973.e2

facial nerve palsy

delayed-onset, as presentation of mastoid bone fracture, 386.e1-386.e2 posttraumatic delayed, 115.e1-115.e2

facial swelling, delayed hypersensitivity reaction from Black henna tattoo manifesting as, 515.e3-515.e4

Fasciitis

cervical necrotizing, life-threatening, after dental extraction, 971.e5-971.e7 necrotizing, predictors of mortality in, 170-175

Femoral fracture, with essential thrombocythemia, management with plateletpheresis and intramedullary rod fixation, followed by hydroxyurea, 636.e1-636.e3

Fertilization, in vitro, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome as complication of, 115.e3-115.e4

Fever, and altered mental status, as presentation of spinal cord arteriovenous malformation in a toddler, 1072.e5-1072.e7

Fibrinolysis, for STEMI management in ED, 91-100 Firearm projectiles, foreign body

Lodox Statscan for rapid identification of, 965.e5-965.e7

Urethral obstruction due to migration of, into Genitourinary system, 842.e1-842.e2

Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine), and Lexapro (escitalopram), serotonin syndrome induced by, 1069.e1-1069.e3

Focused assessment for trauma (FAST) examination, gastric fluid sign as an unrecognized false-positive finding, 630.e5-630.e7

fog solution, propylene glycol, acute renal failure, neuropathy and myopathy after ingestion of, 635.e1-635.e2

Foreign body firearm projectile

Lodox Statscan for rapid identification of, 965.e5-965.e7

urethral obstruction due to migration of, into genitourinary system, 842.e1-842.e2 magnets, adherent to nasal septum, Novel method of removal, 839.e1-839.e2 wound from, clinical characteristics and management in ED, 918-922

Forensic examination, for sexual assault, role of Skin color in the detection of Genital injury during, 857-866

Forestier disease, unusual cause of upper airway obstruction, 1072.e1-1072.e3 Fracture

calcaneal avulsion, complicated by skin necrosis due to delayed treatment of, 254.e1-254.e4

dislocation, complete, of the thoracolumbar spine, without paraplegia, 633.e5-633.e7

elbow, preservation of active range of motion after acute elbow trauma as predictor for absence of, 779-782

femoral, with essential thrombocythemia, management with plateletpheresis and intramedullary rod fixation, followed by hydroxyurea, 636.e1-636.e3

humerus, caused by noninvasive blood pressure cuff, 1073.e1-1073.e2 Hyoid bone, in patient wearing a helmet, 251.e1-251.e2

of long-bone, racial or ethnic disparity in treatment of pain from, 270-274

of mastoid bone, presenting as delayed-onset facial nerve palsy, 386.e1-386.e2 reduction, procedural sedation for, in children with ADHD, 661-664

of rib, after chest trauma, delayed pneumothorax as complication of, 551-554 of thyroid cartilage, neck hyperflexion causing isolated, 1064.e1-1064.e3

Furunculosis, missed diagnosis of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus epidural brain abscess in a patient with recent, 522.e3-522.e4

Gas embolism, in aorta, induced by necrotizing gastroenteritis, 253.e3-253.e4

Gas gangrene, without wound involving both the lower extremities simultaneously, 970.e3-970.e4

Gastric fluid sign, unrecognized false-positive finding during FAST examination, 630.e5-630.e7

gastric lavage, for patient with numerous tablets remaining in stomach after 5 hours of ingestion, 118.e1-118.e2

gastric perforation

lightning strike as an unusual etiology of, 966.e5-966.e7 successful treatment with thyrotoxic crisis, 1065.e3-1065.e4

Gastric varices bleeding, wandering spleen presenting as, 637.e1-637.e4 Gastroenteritis, necrotizing, inducing gas embolism in aorta, 253.e3-253.e4 Genital injury, role of skin color in the detection of, during forensic sexual assault

examination, 857-866 Geriatric patients

characteristics and outcomes of injury treated in ED among, 296-303

with dyspnea, association between NT-proBNP levels and in-hospital mortality in, 555-560

in ED with syncope or near-syncope, safety and accuracy of SFSR applied to, 773-778

inappropriate prescribing in ED (letter), 372-373

level of social support and living situation as predictors of ED use among, 454-461

management and prognosis of stroke in ED, 742-749 prevalence of

inappropriate prescribing in ED based on Beers criteria (editorial), 695-696 PIMs and potential adverse drug effects in ED, 697-700

glyphosate-surfactant intoxication early prognostic factors of, 275-281

severe, as cause of acute pancreatitis, 384.e3-384.e5

Gram’s stain, negative, accuracy of CSF results to differentiate bacterial from non bacterial meningitis in case of (letter), 237

Grayanotoxin intoxication, clinical presentation of non-ST-segment elevation MI in the course of, 108.e1-108.e2

Gum elastic bougie, use in surgical cricothyrotomy, 738.e1

gunshot wounds, multiple, Lodox Statscan for rapid identification of bullets in, 965.e5-965.e7

Heparin, stability of carboxyhemoglobin in stored and mailed blood samples anticoagulated with, 191-195

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia antibodies, multiple cardiac thrombi and thromboembolism in a patient with heart failure, 1066.e5-1066.e7

Hepatic hernia, and diaphragmatic rupture, late presentation of, after blunt trauma, 638.e3-638.e5

Hepatitis, acute toxic, after suicidal chloroform and dichloromethane ingestion, 1073.e3-1073.e6

Hair apposition technique, for scalp laceration repair, physicians versus nurses on performance of, 433-438

Headache

angina, severe, as presentation of inferior MI, 387.e1-387.e2

caused by cerebral venous thrombosis due to hyperthyroidism, 383.e1-383.e2 postural, herniation of giant posterior fossa arachnoid cyst as differential diagnosis

in, 247.e1-247.e3

subtypes, difference in pain treatment and relief for, in ED, 1029-1034 Healthcare facility, decontamination in, of victims exposed to chemical, biological and

radiological materials, 71-80 Health care provider

information transfer from prehospital to ED (letter), 233-235

therapeutic hypothermia use among, in Indonesia and Mexico (letter), 244 Health care workers, in Brazilian tertiary hospital emergency unit, tuberculosis among,

796-798

heart block, atrioventricular nodal, Rapid progression in a patient with SLE, 967.e5-967.e7

Heart disease

?-agonists in patients with COPD and (letter), 104-105, 1060

structural and congenital, in pediatric population, ECG indicators of, 221-228 (erratum), 506-512

Heart failure

acute decompensated, bedside ultrasound of the lung for monitoring of, 585-591 multiple cardiac thrombi and thromboembolism in a heparin-induced

thrombocytopenia antibody positive patient with, 1066.e5-1066.e7 reliability of hemodynamic profiling in ED, 196-201

Heart rate variability, measures of, as predictors of in-hospital mortality in ED patients with sepsis, 395-401

Hematuria, massive, spontaneous hemorrhagic angiomyolipoma with, leading to nephrectomy, 249.e3-249.e5

Hemiscrotum, acute, due to inguinoscrotal Littre hernia, 973.e3-973.e4 Hemodialysis

effectiveness in dapsone overdose, 1070.e1-1070.e4

spontaneous splenic rupture caused by splenic peliosis of patient with chronic renal failure receiving erythropoietin undergoing, 109.e1-109.e2

Hemodynamic profiling, of patients with heart failure in ED, reliability of, 196-201 Hemoglobin S-C disease, Acute splenic sequestration in adult with,

1064.e5-1064.e8

Hemoperfusion

and L-carnitine, in management of valproic acid intoxication, 388.e3-388.e4 for paraquat poisoning, nonpulsatile versus Dual pulsatile pump, 641-648

Hemopericardium, nontraumatic, different Relieving methods for, effect on outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 425-432

Hemoperitoneum, massive, resulting from spontaneous rupture of a Uterine leiomyoma, 974.e1-974.e2

Hemophilia A, acquired, associated with therapeutic cupping, 970.e1-970.e2 Hemoptysis

chest pain, and hypoxia, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations presenting with, 904-907

with Pulmonary hemorrhage and respiratory failure, in a child, 639.e3-639.e4 Hemorrhage

diffuse alveolar, with hemoptysis and respiratory failure, in a child, 639.e3-639.e4 intracranial and intraspinal subarachnoid, severe, after lumbar puncture,

633.e1-633.e3

life-threatening, after maxillofacial trauma, Transarterial embolization in management of, 516.e3-516.e5

massive retroperitoneal, after bone marrow aspiration, 1070.e5-1070.e6 postpartum intracranial, disguised as preeclampsia, 247.e5-247.e6 subarachnoid, as presentation of ruptured cervical arteriovenous fistulas,

249.e1-249.e2

Hemorrhagic angiomyolipoma, spontaneous, with massive hematuria leading to nephrectomy, 249.e3-249.e5

Hemorrhagic blister, clinical characteristics and confirmative diagnoses, 316-319 Hemorrhagic bullae. see Hemorrhagic blister

Hemorrhagic shock, acute severe, changes in SOD activity and MDA plasma level during, in rats, 54-58

Hernia

internal, associated with MD in pediatric patients, 86-90

Littre, inguinoscrotal, acute hemiscrotum due to, 973.e3-973.e4 massive parastomal, with strangulation, 109.e3-109.e4

transdiaphragmatic intercostal, causing massive ipsilateral pleural effusion, 252.e3-252.e4

Herniation, of giant posterior fossa arachnoid cyst, as differential diagnosis in postural headache, 247.e1-247.e3

Herpes zoster opthalmicus, diagnosis in ED, 612-617

Hollow organ perforation, gas-forming bacterial peritonitis mimicking, 838.e3-838.e5 Hospital, tertiary, in Brazil, tuberculosis among health care workers in emergency unit,

796-798

Hospitalization

acid-base interpretation as predictor of outcome among patients with acute organophosphate poisoning before, 24-30

(letter), 721-723

for caffeine abuse, in association with abuse of other pharmaceutical products, 799-802

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), quantitative measurement in urine using Access immunoassay (letter), 103-104

Humerus fracture, caused by Noninvasive blood pressure cuff, 1073.e1-1073.e2 Humidity, correlation with incidence of pulmonary thromboembolism, 1035-1041 Hydrochloric acid, ingestion of, in suicide attempt, fatal MI after, 634.e5-634.e7 Hydrogen sulfide, intoxication, due to Sewer gas exposure, 518.e5-518.e7

5-HydroxyindoleAcetic acid (5-HIAA), urinary levels, in diagnosis of acute appendicitis, 282-286

Hydroxyurea, femoral fracture with essential thrombocythemia managed with plateletpheresis and intramedullary rod fixation, followed by, 636.e1-636.e3

Hyoid bone, traumatic fracture in patient wearing a helmet, 251.e1-251.e2 Hyperammonemia, transient, following epileptic attacks, 388.e1-388.e2 Hyperamylasemia, and intestinal pseudo-obstruction, as presentation of

pheochromocytoma, 971.e1-971.e4

Hyperflexion, of neck, causing isolated thyroid cartilage fracture, 1064.e1-1064.e3 Hyperglycemia

cortisol-induced, and acute delirium, pituitary apoplexy associated with, 1068.e1-1068.e3

in ED patients with no history of diabetes, prevalence of, 532-536 Hypersensitivity, delayed, manifesting as severe facial swelling, from black henna

tattoo, 515.e3-515.e4 Hypertension

incidence and recognition in the ED, 913-917

pulmonary, severe, with pericarditis, Central cyanosis as first symptom of SLE caused by, 248.e1-248.e2

Hyperthyroidism, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis due to, as cause of headache, 383.e1-383.e2

Hyperventilation, and finger exercise, venous-arterial Pco2 and pH differences increased by, 975-980

Hypoglycemia

EMTs treatment of, without transport, 291-295 severe, Noncardiogenic acute pulmonary edema associated with sudden coma due to,

839.e3-839.e6

Hypomagnesemia, paradoxical, due to overdose of magnesium hydroxide, 837.e1-837.e2

Hyponatremia

delirium in, and rhabdomyolysis, induced by proton pump inhibitor, 519.e1-519.e2 extrapontine myelinolysis presenting as generalized tonic seizures after correction

of, 632.e5-632.e6

Hypotension

abdominal pain, and tachycardia, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome presenting as, 736.e3-736.e4

as predictor of mortality in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175 after RSI, prognostic factors of, 845-851

Hypothermia

in Desert climate, severity and mortality rate, 683-688 profound, secondary to normal ziprasidone use, 737.e1-737.e2

therapeutic, use among health care providers in Indonesia and Mexico (letter), 244

Hypoxia

brain, Brain swelling due to, characteristics of SAH, 521.e1-521.e2 hemoptysis, and chest pain, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations presenting

with, 904-907

Ice cube, vs. ethyl chloride spray, for analgesic pretreatment for antibiotic skin test, 59-61

Illness, and impairment severity, contribution of, in emergency physicians’ decision to override a patient’s refusal of treatment, 803-807

Imidacloprid, fatal intoxication with, 634.e1-634.e4

Impairment, and illness severity, contribution of, in emergency physicians’ decision to override a patient’s refusal of treatment, 803-807

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator, efficacy and safety of antitachycardia pacing features of, for terminating recurrent ventricular tachycardias,

1066.e1-1066.e3

Indonesia, therapeutic hypothermia use among health care providers in (letter), 244 Inferior vena cava/aorta (IVC/Ao) diameter index, sonographic, for assessment of body

fluid status in children and young adults, 320-325 Inferior vena cava

measuring diameter of, in predicting development of anemia in patients with spinal cord injury, 446-449

parameters, influence of weight force application to lower torso on, 603-607 Information, point of care, answers to clinical questions by ED physicians, 144-147

(letter), 962-963

Ingestion, gastric lavage for patient with numerous UDCA tablets in stomach after 5 hours of, 118.e1-118.e2

Inguinal hernia, Amyand hernia as an unusual variant of, 637.e5-637.e6

Inguinal phlegmon, with positive serology for syphilis, after Penile bite laceration, 250.e7-250.e8

Inguinoscrotal hernia, acute hemiscrotum due to, 973.e3-973.e4 Injury

among older adults treated in ED, characteristics and outcomes of, 296-303 burn, associated with white phosphorus, 974.e3-974.e5

chest, while wearing a bullet-proof vest, 736.e1 In memoriam, Charles J. McCabe, 741 Insecticides, fatal intoxication with, 634.e1-634.e4

Interscalene block, ultraound-guided, for shoulder dislocation reduction in ED (letter), 1061

Interscalene block, ultrasound-guided, for shoulder dislocation reduction in ED (letter), 627-629

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and hyperamylasemia, as presentation of pheochromocytoma, 971.e1-971.e4

intimate partner violence (IPV)

comparison of methamphetamine, cocaine, and alcohol use in perpetrators versus

victims of, 592-596

outcomes of intervention for child witnesses of, 389-394 Intoxication

acute, with terazosin, 117.e5-117.e6

with dipropylene glycol fog solution, acute renal failure, neuropathy and myopathy caused by, 635.e1-635.e2

fatal

with imidacloprid insecticide, 634.e1-634.e4 with paraquat, 836.e3-836.e4

glyphosate-surfactant

as cause of acute pancreatitis, 384.e3-384.e5 early prognostic factors of, 275-281

hydrogen sulfide, due to sewer gas exposure, 518.e5-518.e7 with mad honey, clinical presentation of non-ST-segment elevation MI in the course

of, 108.e1-108.e2

propylene glycol, life-threatening double gap metabolic acidosis caused by, 385.e5-385.e6

with Psilocybe mushroom, 972.e3-972.e4

valproic acid, management with hemoperfusion and L-carnitine, 388.e3-388.e4 Intracranial hemorrhage

IMA levels in, 874-878

postpartum, disguised as preeclampsia, 247.e5-247.e6 Intramedullary rod fixation, femoral fracture with essential thrombocythemia managed

with plateletpheresis and, followed by hydroxyurea, 636.e1-636.e3 Intramural hematoma, of the esophagus, as cause of chest pain, 843.e1-843.e2 intraosseous administration, vs. intravenous administration of morphine sulfate,

pharmacokinetic study of, 31-38

Intravenous administration, vs. intraosseous administration of morphine sulfate, pharmacokinetic study of, 31-38

intravenous injection

of morphine, safety of, for treatment of severe pain in ED, 676-682 of paraquat, death after, 836.e3-836.e4

Intubation, rapid-sequence

ED use of etomidate for, 946-950

inadequate provision of anxiolysis and analgesia in ED after, 469-472 induction, use of etomidate in critically ill septic patients, 229-232 prognostic factors of hypotension after, 845-851

Intubation laryngeal mask airway, drug administration into trachea via (letter), 370-371

Intussusception, small-bowel, due to ascaris, in adult, 381.e3-381.e4 Ischemia, and prostaglandin inhibition (editorial), 101-102

ischemia-modified albumin

in diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia, 202-205 levels in cerebrovascular diseases, 874-878

value in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (letter), 624-625

Ischemia-reperfusion injury, whole-body, in swine, effects of prostaglandin inhibition on, 45-53

Ischemic stroke, IMA levels in, 874-878

Japan, increase in number of criminal prosecutions against physicians due to medical negligence in (letter), 105-106

Jaundice, painless, incidental finding of portal vein thrombosis secondary to protein C deficiency in, 516.e1-516.e2

Ketamine

abuse, frequent visits to ED with urinary symptoms as subtle signs of (letter), 1061 adverse events associated with, for procedural sedation in adults, 985-1028

Ketoacidosis, diabetic, in toddler with diaper rash, 834.e1-834.e2 Kidney failure

acute

caused by bladder stone, 246.e3-246.e4

neuropathy, and myopathy, after ingestion of dipropylene glycol fog solution, 635.e1-635.e2

chronic, spontaneous splenic rupture caused by splenic peliosis of patient with, undergoing hemodialysis and receiving erythropoietin, 109.e1-109.e2

Klippel-Feil syndrome, central cord syndrome in a patient with, 252.e1-252.e2

Laboratory testing, accessibility and efficiency in ED (letter), 373-374 Laceration

multiple, in pregnant woman caused by shower screen glass, 1065.e1-1065.e2 occult, of epiglottis and pharynx, by glass fragments, 518.e1-518.e3 of penis, due to human bite, leading to inguinal phlegmon with positive serology for

syphilis, 250.e7-250.e8

of scalp, physician versus nurses on performance of hair apposition technique for repair of, 433-438

Lactate, serum level of, as prognostic factor in carbon monoxide poisoning, 966.e1-966.e3

Lactic acidosis, induced by salbutamol for treatment of acute severe asthma, 514.e1-514.e3

Laryngeal sarcoidosis, Acute upper airway obstruction caused by, 114.e1-114.e3 Laryngeal tube, versus Combitube, versus Easytube, success rate for intubation with,

during emergency medical training, 783-788 Laryngoscope blade, review (letter), 952-955

Laryngotracheal transection, complete, for blunt cervical and Thoracic trauma, survival after, 837.e3-837.e4

Lateral compartment syndrome, of the lower extremity in a recreational athlete, 973.e1-973.e2

Launois-Bensaude syndrome, dyspnea caused by, 111.e1-111.e2

L-carnitine, and hemoperfusion, in management of valproic acid intoxication, 388.e3-388.e4

Leech bites, as cause of coagulation disorder, massive bleeding, and severe anemia, 1067.e3-1067.e6

Left bundle-branch block (LLLB), disproportional anterior ST elevation due to acute myocardial infarction with, 342-347

Lemierre syndrome, caused by Staphylococcus aureus, 380.e5-380.e7 Leukemia, acute myeloid, presenting as one-and-a-half syndrome, 513.e1-513.e2 Leukopenia, acute Perforated appendicitis presenting as, 735.e3-735.e4

Lexapro (escitalopram), and Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine), serotonin syndrome induced by, 1069.e1-1069.e3

Lightning strike, as an unusual etiology of gastric perforation, 966.e5-966.e7 Lipomatosis, diffuse, complicated, mimicking ascites, 379.e1-379.e2

Liquid skin cleanser, used as skin moisturizer, contact dermatitis caused by, 246.e1-246.e2

Lithium, Brugada-type ECG changes in patient taking, 113.e1-113.e3

Lodox/Statscan, for rapid identification of bullets in multiple gunshot wounds, 965.e5-965.e7

long-bone fractures, racial or ethnic disparity in treatment of pain from, 270-274 Low-pressure environment, outside of hospital, Oxygen inhalation using oxygen

concentrator in, 981-984 Lumbar puncture

in the ED, ultrasound-assisted localization for (letter), 955-957

severe intracranial and intraspinal subarachnoid hemorrhage after, 633.e1-633.e3 Lung, bedside ultrasound of, for monitoring of acute decompensated heart failure,

585-591

Lupus erythematosus, systemic

central cyanosis caused by pulmonary hypertension with pericarditis as first symptom of, 248.e1-248.e2

rapid progression of atrioventricular nodal blockade in a patient with, 967.e5-967.e7 Lyme disease, acute ataxia as manifestation of neuroborreliosis in a child,

1069.e5-1069.e6

Mad honey, Intoxication with, clinical presentation of non-ST-segment elevation MI in the course of, 108.e1-108.e2

Magnesium hydroxide, overdose of, causing paradoxical hypomagnesemia, 837.e1-837.e2

Magnets, adherent to nasal septum, novel method of removal, 839.e1-839.e2 Malondialdehyde , changes in SOD activity and plasma level of, during ASHS

in rats, 54-58

Mastoid bone fracture, presenting as delayed-onset facial nerve palsy, 386.e1-386.e2 maxillofacial trauma, transarterial embolization in management of life-threatening

hemorrhage after, 516.e3-516.e5

Mechanical reperfusion therapy, for STEMI management in ED, 91-100

Meckel’s diverticulum (MD), Internal hernia associated with, in pediatric patients, 86-90

Medical negligence, increase in number of criminal prosecutions against physicians due to, in Japan (letter), 105-106

Meningitis, bacterial versus non bacterial, accuracy of results for differential diagnosis of, with negative gram-stained smear of CSF (letter), 237

Mental illness, impact of CEWs in persons with (letter), 504-505 Mesenteric ischemia, acute, IMA in the diagnosis of, 202-205

Metabolic acidosis, double gap, life-threatening, due to propylene glycol intoxication, 385.e5-385.e6

Metal fume fever, caused by acute titanium dioxide poisoning, 608-611 Methadone, onset of symptoms after overdose of (letter), 242

Methamphetamine, comparison of use in perpetrators versus victims of IPV, 592-596 Mexico, therapeutic hypothermia use among health care providers in (letter), 244 Migraine headache, intravenous dexamethasone as adjunctive therapy for, 124-130 Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes

(MELAS), cardiac tamponade as new complication in, 382.e1-382.e2

Morphine

ideal dose for prehospital treatment of severe acute pain, 148-154 intravenous titration of, for treatment of severe pain in ED, 676-682

Morphine sulfate, pharmacokinetic study of intraosseous vs. intravenous administration of, 31-38

Mortality

efficacy of low-dose antivenom therapy on, in snakebite cases, 402-407 (letter), 1058-1059

in-hospital in ED patients with sepsis, heart rate variability measures as predictors of, 395-401 performance of MEDS score in prediction of, among patients with severe sepsis

and septic shock, 689-692

predictors of, in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175 rate

of hypothermia in desert climate, 683-688

risk factors of, in severe Multiple trauma patients with posttraumatic ARDS, 419-424

Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) score

performance in predicting hospital mortality among patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, 689-692

as predictive tool for ED physicians (editorial), 693-694 motor vehicle accidents

airbags and oral anticoagulation, deadly combination in, 111.e3-111.e5 in an adolescent, pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum after, 515.e1-515.e2 posterior dislocation of clavicle at the sternoclavicular joint after, 108.e3-108.e4

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), factors determining the sequence and severity of organ dysfunction in, 711-715

Mupirocin, topical, versus nitrofurazone, prophylactic efficacy against murine crush Wound infection, 137-143

Mushroom abuse, Psilocybe, 972.e3-972.e4

Myelin basic protein, in cerebrospinal fluid, as a predictive marker of delayed encephalopathy from carbon monoxide poisoning, 908-912

Myelinolysis, extrapontine, presenting as generalized tonic seizures, after correction of hyponatremia, 632.e5-632.e6

Myocardial infarction (MI) acute

with LLLB, disproportional anterior ST elevation due to, 342-347 mismanagement of, in a patient with pseudothrombocytopenia, 740.e1-740.e2 new and old definitions of, 523-531

acute streptococcal myopericarditis mimicking, 638.e1-638.e2

?-agonists in patients with COPD and (letter), 104-105, 1060 ECG

findings to differentiate left-sided pneumothorax from (letter), 959-962 T-wave changes in, 716-720

fatal, after hydrochloric acid ingestion in a suicide attempt, 634.e5-634.e7 inferior, presenting as Severe headache, with subsequent cardiogenic shock

secondary to VF, 387.e1-387.e2 after near-drowning, 635.e3-635.e5

non-ST-segment elevation

clinical presentation in the course of mad honey intoxication, 108.e1-108.e2 prognostic value of admission ST-segment elevation in lead aVR, in combination

with conventional risk factors in, 408-412 posterior, unique diagnosis of, 520.e5-520.e6

ST-segment elevation

ECG algorithms for predicting complexity of coronary artery lesions in, 10-17 management in ED of, 91-100

role of adjunctive antiplatelet therapy in, 212-220

Myocarditis, from black widow spider envenomation, 630.e1-630.e3

Myopathy, acute kidney failure, and neuropathy, after ingestion of dipropylene glycol fog solution, 635.e1-635.e2

Myopericarditis, acute streptococcal, mimicking MI, 638.e1-638.e2 Myxoma, cardiac

emboli, complete aortic occlusion caused by, 110.e1-110.e2 giant, sepsis as complication of, 387.e3-387.e4

Naloxone

in advanced cardiac life support (editorial), 902-903

combined with epinephrine, effect on resuscitation of cardiopulmonary arrest, 898-901

prescription of, in ED management of patients with cardiac arrest, 113.e5-113.e8 Nasal septum, magnets adherent to, novel method of removal, 839.e1-839.e2 Nasogastric tube, and abdominal CT, efficacy in acute poisoning, 738.e3-738.e5 National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NHISS), SQS as visual aid to, for scoring

neurologic deficits in acute stroke, 189-190 Near-drowning, MI after, 635.e3-635.e5

Neck mass, lateral, clinician-based ultrasound for evaluation of, in ED, 386.e3-386.e6 Necrotizing fasciitis

cervical, life-threatening, after dental extraction, 971.e5-971.e7 predictors of mortality in, 170-175

needle decompressions, for Tension pneumothorax, prehospital performance by experienced paramedics, 597-602

Nephrectomy, for spontaneous hemorrhagic angiomyolipoma with massive hematuria leading to, 249.e3-249.e5

Neuroborreliosis, Lyme disease, in a child, acute ataxia as manifestation of, 1069.e5-1069.e6

Neurofibromatosis, life-threatening subcutaneous hematoma in a patient with, 522.e1-522.e2

Neurologic deficit

in acute stroke, SQS as visual aid to NIHSS for scoring, 189-190

and fever, as presentation of spinal cord arteriovenous malformation in a toddler, 1072.e5-1072.e7

prevalence during first year after electric shock, 413-418

Neuropathy, acute kidney failure, and myopathy, after ingestion of dipropylene glycol fog solution, 635.e1-635.e2

Nisoldipine, exposure patterns of (letter), 367-368

Nitrofurazone, topical, versus mupirocin, prophylactic efficacy against murine crush wound infection, 137-143

Nitrous oxide, ambient levels of, in modular ambulance, 186-188

Nurses, trained pediatric ED, effect of volumetric ultrasound performed by, on success of catheterization in pediatric patients, 18-23

Occlusion, complete aortic, caused by cardiac myxoma emboli, 110.e1-110.e2 occupational exposure

acute titanium dioxide poisoning causing metal fume fever, 608-611 to sewer gas, hydrogen sulfide intoxication due to, 518.e5-518.e7

Older patients. see Geriatric patients

Omeprazole, rhabdomyolysis and hyponatremic delirium induced by, 519.e1-519.e2 One-and-a-half syndrome, as presentation of acute myeloid leukemia, 513.e1-513.e2 Organophosphate poisoning, acute, acid-base interpretation as predictor of outcome

among patients with, before hospitalization, 24-30 (letter), 721-723

Osmolality, effect of sample volume on measurement of, using Advanced 3250 osmometer (letter), 1060-1061

Osmometer, Advanced 3250, effect of sample volume for measurement of osmolality by using (letter), 1060-1061

Outcomes

acid-base interpretation as predictor of, among patients with acute organophosphate poisoning before hospitalization, 24-30

(letter), 721-723

of appendicitis with increasing CT scanning, 39-44

assessment using severity measures for acute asthma as first step in development of prediction rule, 473-479

of patients with elevated cardiac troponin I level after mild trauma, 248.e3-248.e5 Out-of-hospital

clinical characteristics of aortic aneurysm and dissection as cause of sudden death in, 1042-1046

feasibility of BiPAP ventilation in, 165-169 oxygen inhalation using Oxygen concentrator in low-pressure environment, 981-984

Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA), comparison of bystander CPR rates in Hispanic versus non-Hispanic populations, 655-660

Outpatient. see Out-of-hospital Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

complication of In vitro fertilization, 115.e3-115.e4

presenting as tachycardia, hypotension, and abdominal pain, 736.e3-736.e4 Ovarian torsion, acute, presenting as abdominal pain and distension, 520.e1-520.e3 Oxygen concentrator, used for oxygen inhalation in low-pressure environment

outside of hospital, 981-984

Oxygen inhalation, using oxygen concentrator in low-pressure environment outside of hospital, 981-984

Oxygen saturation, room air, effects of smoking, race, and sex on, 131-136

Pain. see also specific type or site

chronic, barriers to management of, in ED, 255-263 induced by antibiotic skin test, ethyl chloride spray vs. ice cube for control of, 59-61 from long-bone fractures, racial or ethnic disparity in treatment, 270-274

RLQ, EVUS in nonpregnant woman with, in ED, 81-85 severe

acute, ideal morphine dose for prehospital treatment of, 148-154 safety of Intravenous morphine titration for, in ED, 676-682

Palsy, facial nerve

delayed-onset, as presentation of mastoid bone fracture, 386.e1-386.e2 posttraumatic delayed, 115.e1-115.e2

Pancreatitis acute

caused by severe glyphosate-surfactant oral intoxication, 384.e3-384.e5 presenting as acute inferior wall ST-segment elevations on ECG,

734.e1-734.e4

topical chronic, unusual case in juveniles, 731.e5-731.e6

Paramedics, experienced, prehospital performance of needle decompression for tension pneumothorax, 597-602

Paraplegia

acute, caused by benzathine penicillin injection, 250.e1-250.e5 (letter), 963-964

complete fracture-dislocation of the thoracolumbar spine without, 633.e5-633.e7 painless, acute aortic dissection with, 631.e3-631.e5

Paraquat

fatal intoxication with, 836.e3-836.e4

poisoning, effects of hemoperfusion using nonpulsatile versus dual pulsatile pump, 641-648

parastomal hernia, massive, with strangulation, 109.e3-109.e4 (erratum), 378

parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) levels, role in Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (letter), 361-363

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia , prognostic index for efficacy of adenosine, 304-309

Pasteurella multocida, septic shock, after cat scratch in elderly, 380.e1-380.e3 Patient-related factors, impact on normal CRT, 62-65

Patient transport

emergency medical service triage protocol allowing direct patient transport to psychiatric emergency services, 750-756

information on patient transfer to trauma center (letter), 371-372 length of unsuccessful resuscitations for cardiac arrest, 206-211 timing of, in trauma patients, 465-468

Pco2, and pH venous-arterial differences, increased by hyperventilation and finger exercise, 975-980

Pediatrics

age-related changes in ECG, arrhythmias, ECG indicators of heart disease, 221-228

(erratum), 506-512

diabetic ketoacidosis in toddler with diaper rash, 834.e1-834.e2 ECG

abnormalities in congenital heart disease and other cardiac syndromes, 497-503 manifestations of arrhythmias in, 348-358

ED management of syncope, 66-70 (letter), 1059-1060

effect of

household children on adult ED parenting smokers’ motivation to quit, 757-762 volumetric ultrasound performed by trained nurses on catheterization, 18-23 hemoptysis secondary to diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory failure,

639.e3-639.e4

internal hernia associated with MD, 86-90

outcomes of intervention for child witnesses of IPV, 389-394 procedural sedation for fracture reduction in ADHD, 661-664

sonographic IVC/Ao diameter index for assessment of body fluid status, 320-325 spinal cord arteriovenous malformation presenting with altered mental status

and fever, 1072.e5-1072.e7

stroke caused by isolated Middle cerebral artery dissection after backward somersault, 519.e3-519.e5

Peliosis, splenic, causing spontaneous splenic rupture of hemodialysis patient with chronic renal failure receiving erythropoietin, 109.e1-109.e2

Pelvic ectopic kidney, with acute pyelonephritis, suspected as acute appendicitis with sepsis, 517.e3-517.e4

Penis, laceration of, due to human bite, leading to inguinal phlegmon with positive serology for syphilis, 250.e7-250.e8

Peptic ulcer, perforated, associated with abdominal compartment syndrome, 1071.e3-1071.e5

Percutaneous coronary intervention

for STEMI management in ED, 91-100

use of adjunctive anticoagulants in patients with ACS transitioning to, 932-941 Pericarditis

as initial manifestation of Proximal aortic dissection in young patients, 379.e3-379.e5 with pulmonary hypertension, central cyanosis as first symptom of SLE caused by,

248.e1-248.e2

Peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory, encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis as complication of, 245.e3-245.e4

Peritonitis, pneumoperitoneum without, 841.e1-841.e2

pH, and Pco2 venous-arterial differences, increased by hyperventilation and finger exercise, 975-980

Pharmacokinetics, intraosseous vs. intravenous administration of morphine sulfate, 31-38

Pharmacologic reperfusion therapy, for STEMI management in ED, 91-100 Pharynx, occult lacerations of, by glass fragments, 518.e1-518.e3 Phentermine, cardiac arrest associated with consumption of, 732.e1-732.e3 Pheochromocytoma

in aortic dissection (letter), 626-627

presenting as intestinal pseudo-obstruction and hyperamylasemia, 971.e1-971.e4 Phlegmasia cerulea, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm masquerading as, 1067.e1-1067.e2 Physicians

increase in number of criminal prosecutions against, due to medical negligence in Japan (letter), 105-106

role in disaster planning (letter), 239-242 Pituitary apoplexy, associated with cortisol-induced hyperglycemia and acute delirium,

1068.e1-1068.e3

Plateletpheresis, and intramedullary rod fixation, followed by hydroxyurea, femoral fracture with essential thrombocythemia managed with, 636.e1-636.e3

Pleural effusion, massive ipsilateral, caused by transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia, 252.e3-252.e4

Pneumatosis coli, avoidable abdominal surgery in, 517.e1-517.e2 Pneumomediastinum

after motor vehicle crash and ejection in an adolescent, 515.e1-515.e2 spontaneous, after air travel, 116.e1-116.e2

Pneumonia

effect of automated chest radiograph at triage on time to antibiotics in patients with, 264-269

health care associated, identification and initial management in ED, S1-S11 Pneumopericardium, after motor vehicle crash and ejection in an adolescent,

515.e1-515.e2

Pneumoperitoneum

caused by gas-forming bacterial peritonitis, 838.e3-838.e5 without peritonitis, 841.e1-841.e2

Pneumothorax

delayed, as complication of minor rib fracture after chest trauma, 551-554 left-sided, ECG findings to differentiate MI from (letter), 959-962

tension, as additional cause of electrocardiographic changes in lead aVR (letter), 242-243

point-of-care testing, in ED, false elevation of cardiac troponin I using, 969.e1-969.e2 Poison control centers, impact on poisoning-related visits to ED, 310-315

Poisoning

acute, efficacy of abdominal CT and nasogastric tube in, 738.e3-738.e5 association of cardiovascular toxins and ECG abnormality in (letter), 957-959 with carbon monoxide

clinical significance of Carboxyhemoglobin levels in, 665-669 lactate serum level as prognostic factor in, 966.e1-966.e3

myelin basic protein in cerebrospinal fluid as a predictive marker of delayed encephalopathy from, 908-912

ED visits for, impact of poison control centers on, 310-315

with hydrochloric acid, in a suicide attempt, fatal MI after, 634.e5-634.e7 with organophosphate, acute, acid-base interpretation as predictor of outcome

among patients with, before hospitalization, 24-30 (letter), 721-723

paraquat, effects of hemoperfusion using nonpulsatile versus dual pulsatile pump, 641-648

tetrodotoxin, puffer fish, 383.e3-383.e6

by titanium dioxide, causing metal fume fever, 608-611

with UDCA, patient with numerous tablets of, in stomach after 5 hours of ingestion, 118.e1-118.e2

Polymethyl methacrylate, pulmonary emboli caused by, after percutaneous vertebroplasty, 636.e5-636.e7

Portal vein thrombosis, secondary to protein C deficiency, incidental finding in painless jaundice, 516.e1-516.e2

Postconcussion syndrome, after mild traumatic brain injury, serum cleaved tau for prediction of, 763-768

Posterior arch of atlas, partial agenesis of, 118.e3-118.e5

Posterior fossa, herniation of giant arachnoid cyst in, as differential diagnosis in postural headache, 247.e1-247.e3

Postpartum state, intracranial hemorrhage disguised as preeclampsia, 247.e5-247.e6 posttraumatic stress disorder , exposure-based intervention in ED

for prevention of, 326-330 potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs)

and potential adverse drug effects, prevalence in elderly ED patients, 697-700 prevalence in elderly ED patients based on Beers criteria (editorial), 695-696

Pott’s Puffy tumor, after minor head trauma, 739.e1-739.e3

Preeclampsia, postpartum intracerebral hemorrhage disguised as, 247.e5-247.e6 Pregnancy

cardiac memory T-wave changes after ventricular tachycardia in, 968.e1-968.e3 heterotopic, presenting with Acute left chest pain, 835.e1-835.e2

intravenous N-acetylcysteine for treatment of acetaminophen overdose, 735.e1-735.e2 Prehospital care

ideal morphine dose for severe acute pain, 148-154

performance of needle decompression for tension pneumothorax by experienced paramedics, 597-602

Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), bigeminal, painless type A aortic dissection in, 112.e1-112.e3

Preoperative period, WBC count in patients operated for suspected acute appendicitis during, 769-772

Propylene glycol

fog solution, acute renal failure, neuropathy and myopathy after ingestion of, 635.e1-635.e2

intoxication, life-threatening double gap metabolic acidosis caused by, 385.e5-385.e6 Prostaglandin

inhibition of

effects on whole-body ischemia-reperfusion injury in swine, 45-53 and ischemia (editorial), 101-102

Prostatitis, acute, urinary retention secondary to Perforated diverticulitis misdiagnosed as, 842.e3-842.e4

Protein C deficiency, incidental finding of portal vein thrombosis secondary to, in painless jaundice, 516.e1-516.e2

Proton pump inhibitor, rhabdomyolysis and hyponatremic delirium induced by, 519.e1-519.e2

Pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage, CT findings of, 521.e1-521.e2 Pseudothrombocytopenia, mismanagement of acute MI in a patient with,

740.e1-740.e2

Psychiatric emergency service, emergency medical service triage protocol allowing direct patient transport to, 750-756

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, presenting with chest pain, hemoptysis, and hypoxia, 904-907

Pulmonary edema

caused by benzathine penicillin injection, 250.e1-250.e5 (letter), 963-964

noncardiogenic acute, associated with sudden coma due to severe hypoglycemia, 839.e3-839.e6

Pulmonary embolism

as additional cause of ECG changes in lead aVR (letter), 242-243 cardiac troponin I and risk stratification in (letter), 235-237

caused by polymethyl methacrylate, after percutaneous vertebroplasty, 636.e5-636.e7

limitations of ECG and role of echocardiography in diagnosis of, 632.e1-632.e3

PERC rule’s performance in ED, 181-185

severe massive, floating thrombus of right ventricle in, 1071.e1-1071.e2 value of IMA in the diagnosis of (letter), 624-625

pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria rule, performance for suspected pulmonary embolism in ED, 181-185

Pulmonary hypertension, severe, with pericarditis, central cyanosis as first symptom of SLE caused by, 248.e1-248.e2

Pulmonary thromboembolism, correlation with seasonal variation in terms of atmospheric pressure, humidity, and temperature, 1035-1041

Pulse oximetry, room air, effects of smoking, race, and sex on, 131-136 Purtscher’s retinopathy, posttraumatic loss of vision diagnosed as, 836.e1-836.e2 Push-ups, as atraumatic etiology of Bilateral shoulder dislocation, 116.e3-116.e4 Pyelonephritis, acute, pelvic ectopic kidney with, suspected as acute appendicitis

with sepsis, 517.e3-517.e4

Pyomyositis, due to community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, complicated by compartment syndrome, 737.e3-737.e4

QT interval, fatal, 739.e5-739.e6

Quadriparesis, acute, caused by Spinal arteriovenous malformation, 731.e1-731.e3 Quadriplegia, as presentation of ruptured cervical arteriovenous fistulas, 249.e1-249.e2

Race

effect on pulse oximetry, 131-136

role of skin color in the detection of genital injury during Forensic sexual assault examination, 857-866

Racial disparity

in bystander CPR rates for OHCA, 655-660

in ED analgesia use, improvement of, 462-464 in preferences for cardiac tests, 545-550

in treatment of pain from long-bone fractures, 270-274 Radiography

chest, automated, effect at triage on time to antibiotics, in patients with pneumonia, 264-269

digital, for rapid identification of bullets in multiple gunshot wounds, 965.e5-965.e7

plain, comparison of emergency resident interpretation of, by year of training (letter), 366-367

Radiological weapons, healthcare facility-based decontamination of victims exposed to biological, chemical and, 71-80

Rapid-sequence intubation (RSI)

ED use of etomidate for, 946-950

induction, use of etomidate in critically ill septic patients, 229-232 (letter), 728-730

prognostic factors of hypotension after, 845-851

Renal failure, Amantadine-induced serotonin syndrome in patient with, 112.e5-112.e6

Reperfusion therapy, pharmacologic or mechanical, for STEMI manage- ment in ED, 91-100

Residents in emergency medicine, comparison of interpretation of plain radiographs by year of

training (letter), 366-367

productivity as a function of shift length in ED, 789-791 Resource utilization, in ED, correlation of Ped-CTAS to, 893-897

Respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), posttraumatic acute, risk factors of impacting mortality rate in Severe multiple trauma patients with, 419-424

Respiratory failure

acute, associated with polymethyl methacrylate pulmonary emboli after percutaneous vertebroplasty, 636.e5-636.e7

with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and hemoptysis, in a child, 639.e3-639.e4 Respiratory rate, bias in reporting of (letter), 237-239

Resuscitation

after cardiac arrest, effect of emergency CPB on survival rate, 649-654

of cardiopulmonary arrest, effect of naloxone combined with epinephrine on, 898-901 development of reliable questionnaire in knowledge of (letter), 723-728 prolonged, use of tenecteplase without Neurological sequelae,

1068.e5-1068.e7

for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm using endovascular balloon in an octogenarian, 967.e1-967.e3

unsuccessful, length in cardiac arrest occurring in the field and transported versus in the ED, 206-211

Retroperitoneal hemorrhage, massive, after bone marrow aspiration, 1070.e5-1070.e6

Rhabdomyolysis

abdominal wall, induced by binge drinking of alcohol and intensified exercise, 521.e3-521.e4

and hyponatremic delirium, induced by proton pump inhibitor, 519.e1-519.e2

Rib fracture, delayed pneumothorax as complication of, after chest trauma, 551-554

Right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain, EVUS in nonpregnant woman with, in ED, 81-85

Right ventricle, floating thrombus of, in severe massive pulmonary embolism, 1071.e1-1071.e2

Risks factors, of impacting mortality rate, in severe multiple trauma patients with posttraumatic ARDS, 419-424

Risk stratification

in ACS, admission ST-segment elevation in lead aVR for improvement of, 408-412

in pulmonary embolism, role of cardiac troponin I (letter), 235-237 Rupture

of abdominal aortic aneurysm

masquerading as phlegmasia cerulea, 1067.e1-1067.e2 resuscitation using endovascular balloon in an octogenarian,

967.e1-967.e3

of cervical arteriovenous fistula, presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and quadriplegia, 249.e1-249.e2

spontaneous, of uterine leiomyoma, massive hemoperitoneum resulting from, 974.e1-974.e2

Salbutamol, for treatment of acute severe asthma, lactic acidosis induced by, 514.e1-514.e3

San Francisco Syncope Rule (SFSR), safety and accuracy of, applied to elderly ED patients with syncope or near-syncope, 773-778

Sarcoidosis, laryngeal, acute upper airway obstruction caused by, 114.e1-114.e3

Scalp laceration, physician versus nurses on performance of hair apposition technique for repair of, 433-438

Schmidt syndrome, epigastric pain as presentation of addisonian crisis in, 251.e3-251.e4

Sclerosis, encapsulating peritoneal, as complication of CAPD, 245.e3-245.e4

Seasonal variation, in terms of atmospheric pressure, humidity, and temperature, correlation with incidence of pulmonary thromboembolism, 1035-1041

Sedation, procedural

in adults, adverse events associated with ketamine for, 985-1028 for fracture reduction in children with ADHD, 661-664

versus Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block, for upper extremity emergencies, 706-710

Seizure

generalized tonic, extrapontine myelinolysis presenting as, after correction of hyponatremia, 632.e5-632.e6

as Primary presentation of type A aortic dissection, 245.e1-245.e2 Sepsis

acute appendicitis with, pelvic ectopic kidney with acute pyelonephritis suspected as, 517.e3-517.e4

as complication of giant cardiac myxoma, 387.e3-387.e4

heart rate variability measures as predictors of in-hospital mortality in ED patients with, 395-401

severe, performance of MEDS score for predicting hospital mortality among patients with, 689-692

use of etomidate effect for RSI induction in critically ill patients (letter), 728-730 use of etomidate for RSI induction in critically ill patients, 229-232

Septic diskitis, spontaneous, misdiagnosed as Intervertebral disk herniation, 514.e5-514.e6

Septic shock, performance of MEDS score for predicting hospital mortality among patients with, 689-692

Serotonin syndrome

amantadine-induced, in patient with renal failure, 112.e5-112.e6 caused by a single dose of subxone, 840.e3-840.e5

induced by Lexapro (escitalopram) and Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine), 1069.e1-1069.e3

Sewer gas, Acute hydrogen sulfide toxicity due to exposure to, 518.e5-518.e7

sex disparity, in preferences for cardiac tests, 545-550 Sex factors, effect on pulse oximetry, 131-136

Sexual assault, forensic examination for, role of skin color in the detection of genital injury during, 857-866

Shift length, resident productivity in ED as a function of, 789-791 Shock

acute severe hemorrhagic, changes in SOD activity and MDA plasma level during, in rats, 54-58

exposure, 12-lead ECG monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to Taser X26 for determination of, 1-4

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, efficacy and safety of, for terminating recurrent ventricular tachycardias, 1066.e1-1066.e3

Shocking apparent asystole, prohibition on, 618-622 (letter), 1057

Shoulder dislocation

bilateral, push-ups as atraumatic etiology of, 116.e3-116.e4 reduction in ED, ultrasound-guided interscalene block for, 1061 ultrasound-guided interscalene block for (letter), 627-629

Skin adhesive, topical, properties, advantages, indications, and usage, 490-496

Skin necrosis, as complication from delayed treatment of calcaneal avulsion fractures, 254.e1-254.e4

Small bowel obstruction

due to MD associated with internal hernia in pediatric patients, 86-90 due to superior mesenteric artery syndrome in ED, 114.e5-114.e6

Smoking

effect on pulse oximetry, 131-136

household children’s effect on adult ED parenting smokers’ motivation to quit, 757-762

Snakebite, efficacy of low-dose antivenom therapy on morbidity and mortality in, 402-407

(letter), 1058-1059

Sneezing, spontaneous orbital subcutaneous emphysema after, 381.e1-381.e2

Social support, as predictor of ED use among older adults, 454-461 Somersault, backward, cause of isolated middle cerebral artery dissection in an

adolescent, 519.e3-519.e5 Spinal arteriovenous malformation

acute quadriparesis caused by, 731.e1-731.e3

presenting with altered mental status and fever in a toddler, 1072.e5-1072.e7

Spinal cord injury, predicting development of anemia by measuring inferior vena cava diameter of patients with, 446-449

Spinal epidural air, after severe Pelvic and abdominal trauma, 740.e3-740.e5 Splenic peliosis, causing spontaneous splenic rupture of hemodialysis patient with

chronic renal failure receiving erythropoietin, 109.e1-109.e2 Splenic rupture

after colonoscopy, 117.e1-117.e3

as life-threatening complication after colonoscopy, 834.e3-834.e4 spontaneous

caused by splenic peliosis of hemodialysis patient with chronic renal failure receiving erythropoietin, 109.e1-109.e2

as differential diagnosis of acute abdomen, 733.e5-733.e6 Splenic sequestration, acute, in adult with hemoglobin S-C disease,

1064.e5-1064.e8

Staphylococcus aureus

community-associated methicillin-resistant

causing pyomyositis, complicated by compartment syndrome, 737.e3-737.e4 missed diagnosis of epidural brain abscess due to, in a patient with recent

furunculosis, 522.e3-522.e4

Lemierre syndrome variant caused by, 380.e5-380.e7

ST-elevation myocardial infarction , cardiac literature 2007, 817-833

Sternoclavicular joint, posterior dislocation of clavicle at the, 108.e3-108.e4 Stonefish, envenomation, 972.e1-972.e2

Strangulation, massive parastomal hernia with, 109.e3-109.e4 (erratum), 378

Streptococcus, Lancefield group A, acute myopericarditis mimicking MI caused by, 638.e1-638.e2

Stress disorders, post-traumatic, exposure-based intervention in ED for prevention of, 326-330

Stroke

acute, SQS as visual aid to NIHSS for scoring neurologic deficits in, 189-190

approach to optimizing care of, 808-816

brainstem, with catastrophic anticoagulant use, painless aortic dissection misdiag nosed as, 253.e1-253.e2

childhood, caused by isolated middle cerebral artery dissection after backward somersault, 519.e3-519.e5

in elderly patients, management and prognosis in ED, 742-749 postpartum, diagnostic challenge in, 843.e3-843.e4

Stroke Quick Score (SQS), as visual aid to NHISS for scoring neurologic deficits in acute stroke, 189-190

ST-segment elevation

acute pancreatitis presenting as acute inferior wall, 734.e1-734.e4 anterior, disproportional, due to acute myocardial infarction with LLLB,

342-347

in lead aVR, prognostic value in combination with conventional risk factors for ACS, 408-412

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

ECG algorithms for predicting complexity of coronary artery lesions in, 10-17 management in ED of, 91-100

role of adjunctive antiplatelet therapy in, 212-220 Subarachnoid hemorrhage

IMA levels in, 874-878

intracranial and intraspinal, after lumbar puncture, 633.e1-633.e3

as presentation of ruptured cervical arteriovenous fistulas, 249.e1-249.e2 Subcutaneous hematoma, life-threatening, in a patient with neurofibromatosis,

522.e1-522.e2

Subxone, single dose, as cause of serotonin syndrome, 840.e3-840.e5 Suicidal ideation, disclosure in ED patients, 701-705

Suicide attempt

acute toxic hepatitis after chloroform and dichloromethane ingestion in, 1073.e3-1073.e6

fatal MI after hydrochloric acid ingestion in, 634.e5-634.e7

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, small bowel obstruction in ED due to, 114.e5-114.e6

superoxide dismutase , changes in MDA plasma level and activity of, during ASHS in rats, 54-58

Supraclavicular blocks, brachial plexus, ultrasound-guided, versus procedural sedation, for upper extremity emergencies, 706-710

supraventricular tachycardia , adenosine in the treatment of, 879-882 Survival

in acute trauma, central venous versus arterial base deficit, as predictor of, 119-123

after complete laryngotracheal transection for blunt cervical and thoracic trauma, 837.e3-837.e4

rate, effect of emergency CPB for resuscitation after cardiac arrest, 649-654 Syncope

cardiac literature 2007, 817-833 pediatric, ED management of, 66-70 (letter), 1059-1060

safety and accuracy of SFSR applied to elderly ED patients with, 773-778

Syphilis, penile bite laceration leading to inguinal phlegmon with positive serology for, 250.e7-250.e8

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, bias in reporting of respiratory rates (letter), 237-239

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

central cyanosis caused by pulmonary hypertension with pericarditis as first symptom of, 248.e1-248.e2

rapid progression of atrioventricular nodal blockade in a patient with, 967.e5-967.e7

Tachycardia hypotension, and abdominal pain, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome presenting as,

736.e3-736.e4

supraventricular, adenosine in the treatment of, 879-882 ventricular, in pregnancy, cardiac memory T-wave changes after,

968.e1-968.e3

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrest in a patient with normal coronary arteries, 734.e5-734.e7

Taser X26, 12-lead ECG monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to, 1-4

Temperature, atmospheric, correlation with incidence of pulmonary thromboembolism, 1035-1041

Tenecteplase, use in prolonged resuscitation without neurological sequelae, 1068.e5-1068.e7

Tension pneumothorax

as additional cause of electrocardiographic changes in lead aVR (letter), 242-243 prehospital performance of needle decompressions by experienced paramedics,

597-602

Terazosin, acute intoxication with, 117.e5-117.e6 Tetrodotoxin, poisoning, puffer fish, 383.e3-383.e6 Therapeutic cupping, Acquired hemophilia A associated with,

970.e1-970.e2

Thermal exposure, alteration in prehospital drug concentration after, 566-573

Thoracic spine, spontaneous epidural hematoma of, 384.e1-384.e2 Thoracolumbar spine, complete fracture-dislocation of, without paraplegia,

633.e5-633.e7

Thromboembolism, and multiple cardiac thrombi, in a heparin-induced thrombocyto- penia antibody positive patient with heart failure, 1066.e5-1066.e7

Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score, prognostic value in patients with chest pain, 439-445

Thrombosis

cerebral venous sinus, due to hyperthyroidism, as cause of headache, 383.e1-383.e2

floating, of right ventricle, in severe massive pulmonary embolism, 1071.e1-1071.e2

Thymosin alpha 1 (Talpha1), short-term and Long-term effects on reimplantation of Avulsed teeth, 574-577

Thyroid cartilage, isolated fracture, neck hyperflexion causing, 1064.e1-1064.e3

Thyrotoxic crisis, successful treatment of gastric perforation with, 1065.e3-1065.e4

Time factors, as barriers to chronic pain management in ED, 255-263 Titanium dioxide poisoning, causing metal fume fever, 608-611 Toddler. see Pediatrics

Tooth avulsion, short-term and long-term effects of Talpha1 on reimplantation, 574-577

Trachea, intubation laryngeal mask airway for drug administration into (letter), 370-371

Transarterial embolization, in management of Life-threatening hemorrhage after maxillofacial trauma, 516.e3-516.e5

Transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia, causing massive ipsilateral pleural effusion, 252.e3-252.e4

Transection, of carotid artery, damage control in, 841.e3-841.e5 transesophageal defibrillation, efficacy after long episodes of VF, 287-290

Transient ischemic attack, involving vertebrobasilar circulation, association of severe anemia with, 382.e3-382.e4

Trauma acute

central venous versus arterial base deficit, as predictor of survival, 119-123 elbow, preservation of active range of motion after, as predictor for absence of

fracture, 779-782

blunt

cervical and thoracic, survival after complete laryngotracheal transection for, 837.e3-837.e4

late presentation of diaphragmatic rupture and hepatic hernia after, 638.e3-638.e5

chest, delayed pneumothorax complicating minor rib fracture after, 551-554 facial subcutaneous emphysema secondary to, 733.e1-733.e4

gastric fluid sign as an unrecognized false-positive finding during FAST examination, 630.e5-630.e7

head, minor, Pott’s Puffy tumor after, 739.e1-739.e3

maxillofacial, transarterial embolization in management of life-threatening hemorrhage after, 516.e3-516.e5

mild, outcome of patients with elevated cardiac troponin I level after, 248.e3-248.e5

multiple

Delayed necrotizing acalculous cholecystitis after, 631.e1-631.e2

severe, with posttraumatic ARDS, risk factors of impacting mortality rate in, 419-424

neck, acute, congenital defect of atlas and axis as cause of misdiagnose when evaluating, 840.e1-840.e2

pelvic and abdominal, severe, spinal epidural air after, 740.e3-740.e5 timing of patient transfer and specific Trauma systems, 465-468

Trauma care, information on patient transfer to trauma center (letter), 371-372

Treatment refusal, contribution of impairment and illness severity on emergency physicians’ decision to override, 803-807

Triage

emergency medical service, compliance and safety of direct psychiatric center transport protocol, 750-756

low priority, as barriers to chronic pain management in ED, 255-263 scoring systems and priority scores, influence on timeliness of ED analgesic

administration, 867-873

on time to antibiotics, in patients with pneumonia, effect of automated chest radiograph on, 264-269

Tropical Chronic pancreatitis (TCP), unusual case in juveniles, 731.e5-731.e6 Troponin

cardiac, use and interpretation in ED, 331-341

elevated levels of, simple and practical classification of (letter), 951-952 Troponin I, cardiac

false elevation of, in point-of-care testing in the ED, 969.e1-969.e2 outcome of patients with elevation in, after mild trauma, 248.e3-248.e5 and risk stratification in pulmonary embolism (letter), 235-237

Tuberculosis

among health care workers in Brazilian tertiary hospital emergency unit, 796-798 pulmonary, active, in ED, delayed diagnosis of, 888-892

T wave changes

in acute cardiac and cerebral events, 716-720

cardiac memory, after ventricular tachycardia in pregnancy, 968.e1-968.e3

Ultrasonography

assisted localization for lumbar puncture in the ED (letter), 955-957 bedside

for the detection of diabetic myonecrosis, 969.e3-969.e4

by emergency physicians for identification of landmarks relevant to cricothyrotomy, 852-856

of lung, for monitoring of acute decompensated heart failure, 585-591 clinician-based, for evaluation of lateral neck mass in ED, 386.e3-386.e6

emergency

IVC/Ao diameter index for assessment of body fluid status in children and young adults, 320-325

screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm in asymptomatic at-risk patients using, 883-887

endovaginal pelvic, in nonpregnant woman with RLQ pain in ED, 81-85 interscalene block for shoulder dislocation reduction in ED (letter), 627-629, 1061 supraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block for upper extremity emergencies,

706-710

volumetric, by trained pediatric ED nurses, effect on first-attempt urine collection success rates., 18-23

Upper airway obstruction, acute, caused by laryngeal sarcoidosis, 114.e1-114.e3

Upper extremity emergencies, ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block versus procedural sedation for, 706-710

Urethral obstruction, due to foreign body migration into genitourinary system, 842.e1-842.e2

Urinary retention, acute, secondary to perforated diverticulitis, misdiagnosed as acute prostatitis, 842.e3-842.e4

Urinary symptoms, as subtle signs of ketamine abuse in ED (letter), 1061

Urine, Access immunoassay for quantitative measurement of hCG in (letter), 103-104 Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), patient with numerous tablets of, in stomach after 5

hours of ingestion, 118.e1-118.e2

Uterine leiomyoma, massive hemoperitoneum resulting from spontaneous rupture of, 974.e1-974.e2

Valproic acid

intoxication, management with hemoperfusion and L-carnitine, 388.e3-388.e4

massive overdose of, misleading case, 110.e3-110.e6

Valsalva maneuver, in-flight, life-threatening Wunderlich syndrome induced by, 732.e5-732.e6

Varicella zoster, presenting as abdominal pain, implications for infection control in ED (letter), 1062-1063

Vasopressor agents, rationale of use for CPR (letter), 368-370 Ventilation, BiPAP, feasibility in out-of-hospital setting, 165-169 Ventricular fibrillation (VF)

cardiogenic shock secondary to, in inferior MI, 387.e1-387.e2 effect of atenolol and epinephrine on outcome of CPR in, 578-584

long episodes, efficacy of transesophageal defibrillation after, 287-290 new CPR method using rhythmic abdominal compression for (erratum), 378

(letter), 374-377, 625-626

Ventricular tachycardia

in pregnancy, cardiac memory T-wave changes after, 968.e1-968.e3

recurrent, efficacy and safety of implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks for termination of, 1066.e1-1066.e3

Vertebrobasilar circulation, association of severe anemia with transient ischemic attack involving, 382.e3-382.e4

Vertebroplasty, percutaneous, acute respiratory failure associated with polymethyl

]methacrylate pulmonary emboli after, 636.e5-636.e7 Vibrio infection, as predictor of mortality in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175 Visual loss, posttraumatic, diagnosed as Purtscher’s retinopathy,

836.e1-836.e2

vitamin deficiency, prevalence in alcohol intoxicated patients in ED, 792-795 Volumetric ultrasound, by trained pediatric ED nurses, effect on first-attempt urine

collection success rates., 18-23

Wandering spleen, presenting as bleeding gastric varices, 637.e1-637.e4 War surgery, principles of, 480-489

Weight force, to lower torso, influence on IVC and cardiovascular parameters, 603-607 Wendl tube, inadvertent intracranial placement of, as complication of cardiopulmonary

reanimation, 639.e1-639.e2 white blood cell count

band form, as predictor of mortality in patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 170-175 preoperative, in patients operated for suspected acute appendicitis, 769-772 White phosphorus, associated with burn injuries, 974.e3-974.e5

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, intermittent, in an adolescent with variant angina, 968.e5-968.e7

Wounds

from foreign body, clinical characteristics and management in the ED, 918-922

infection, prophylactic efficacy of topical mupirocin versus nitrofurazone against, in murine, 137-143

multiple gunshot, Lodox Statscan for rapid identification of bullets in, 965.e5-965.e7

Wounds and injuries. see also specific type or site

Wunderlich syndrome, life-threatening, induced by in-flight valsalva maneuver, 732.e5-732.e6

Ziprasidone, profound hypothermia secondary to normal use of, 737.e1-737.e2

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